16 terms

Civil War

Essential vocabulary for Civil War unit.
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sectionalism
Loyalty to one's own region of the country, rather than to the nation as a whole.
industry
Economic activity concerned with the processing of raw materials and manufacture of goods in factories.
industrial revolution
The transformation from an agricultural to an industrial nation.
capitalism
An economic system based on private property and free enterprise.
free enterprise
Economic system in which individuals and businesses are allowed to compete for profit with a minimum of government interference.
capital
Money used for investment.
popular sovereignty
A government in which the people rule by their own consent.
civil war
A war between people of the same country.
agriculture
Farming
abolitionist
A person who wanted to end slavery.
secession
Formal withdrawal of states or regions from a nation.
states' rights
The right of states to limit the power of the federal government.
emancipate
To set free.
ratify
To approve.
blockade
An act of sealing off a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving.
total war
A conflict in which the participating countries devote all their resources to the war effort
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