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Independent extra-Biblical sources for the historical Jesus
Greco Roman texts, Jewish texts, Gnostic texts
The Acts of Peter
apocryphal text describing miracles of Peter and a contest between him and Simon Magus
tetrach of Galilee and Perea, had John the Baptist executed and was part of Jesus' trail
Criterion of embarrassment
information wouldn't be made up because the information itself is embarrassing
Distinctives of Matthew
birth narrative, resurrection appearance, 5 sections, rooting Jesus in Jewish tradition
Distincitves of Luke
birth narrative (not Matthew's), role of women, geographical emphasis, message of Jesus is for all
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