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65 terms

Test # 3

Dr. VB
STUDY
PLAY
Sadducees
wealthy religous sect identified by Josephus, specialists on the Torah
halakah
collective body of Jewish law, including Biblical law
Simeon bar Cocheba
Jewish leader of revolt against Roman Empire in 132 bCE
Essenes
Jewish sect responsible for writing the Dead Sea Scrolls
Pseudepigraphia
numerous works of Jewish literature including Maccabees and Enoch
Dead Sea Scrolls
collections of 972 texts found at Qumran, written by the Essenes
Qumran
archaelogical site on west bank of Dead Sea where Dead Sea Scrolls were found
Nag Hummadi Literature
papyrus codices found in sealed earthenware, early Gnostic texts
Judas Maccabeus
rededicated the temple, event celebrated with Hannakuah
Hellenization
spread of Greek language and culture, started by Alexander the Great
Messiah
Hebrew for "anointed one"
Antiochus IV
Seleucid ruler from 175-164 BCE, Maccabees revolted during his rule
Richard Horsely
Professor at UMASS Boston, views Jesus as a peasant revolutionary
Criterion of multiple attestation
information is reported in more than one independent source
Q
a hypothetical source made up of material common to Matthew and Luke but not Mark
Independent Biblical Sources for the historical Jesus
Mark, Q, "M", "L", John, Paul's letters
Independent extra-Biblical sources for the historical Jesus
Greco Roman texts, Jewish texts, Gnostic texts
William Wrede
wrote the Messianic secret, Jesus' identity is supposed to be unknown in Mark
"beloved disciple"
unnamed "disciple whom Jesus loved" in the Gospel of John
Apollonius of Tyana
philosopher from Asia minor that was compared to Jesus
The Acts of Peter
apocryphal text describing miracles of Peter and a contest between him and Simon Magus
Perstephanon (Prudentis)
Roman Christian poet who wrote the hymn "Of the Father's Love Begotten"
Pastoral Epistles
1 and 2 Timothy, Titus, they discuss church roles and order
Superiority of Christ in Hebrews
the purpose of Hebrews is to demonstrate Christ's superiority
Melchizedek
Priest outside of the Levite order, compared to Jesus in the book of Hebrews
666
Nero Caesar, gematria, "the number of man"
Emperor Domitian
Roman Emperor from 81 to 96 CE that heavily persecuted Jews and Christians
gematria
system of assigning numerical value to a word or phrase
Herod Antipas
tetrach of Galilee and Perea, had John the Baptist executed and was part of Jesus' trail
haggadah
Jewish, sets the order of the passover
Pompey
Roman leader who conquered Jerusalem in 63 BCE
Augustus
first emperor of the Roman Empire, also known as Ovtavius
Pontius Pilate
mid level bureaucrat, prefect who had the authority to access soldiers
Hadrian
Roman Emperor, general during the Bar-Cochba revolt
Mattathias
started the Maccabean revolt
Hanukkah
Jewish holiday commemorating the re-dedication of the 2nd temple
Masada
fortress built by Herod the Great on a cliff
Caesarea Maritima
harbor built by Herod the Great on the Mediterranean sea
Marcus Borg
idea of Jesus is a Jewish Rabbi
Theophilus
"Love of God", to whom Luke and Acts was written
J.D. Crossan
idea of Jesus is a Cynic sage
N.T. Wright
idea of Jesus is the Christ
Criterion of embarrassment
information wouldn't be made up because the information itself is embarrassing
two source (four source) theory
Mark, Matthew, Q, Luke ("M", "L")
Griesbach Hypothesis
Matthew was the fist gospel written
Testimonium Flavianum
Josephus' description of Jesus
Distinctives of Mark
no birth narrative or resurrection appearances, Jesus is the Suffering Messiah
Distinctives of Matthew
birth narrative, resurrection appearance, 5 sections, rooting Jesus in Jewish tradition
Distincitves of Luke
birth narrative (not Matthew's), role of women, geographical emphasis, message of Jesus is for all
Distinctives of John
"incarnation" narrative, Jesus as the Man from Heaven
Ignatius of Antioch
student of John the Apostle, bishop, martyr, wrote letters of theology
Jerusalem Council
council of church leaders that decided Gentiles could be Christians, 49 CE
Rabbi Gamaliel
leading authority in the Sanhedrin, was a Pharisee
Phoebe
Romans 16:1, Corinthian woman, deacon at the church at Cenchreae
Philemon
leader in Colossian church, recipient of Paul's letter
Timothy
Paul's "loyal child", co-sender of six Pauline letters
parousia
"the coming of Christ"
Church offices
bishops, elders, deacons, mention in Titus and 1 and 2 Timothy
Key theme of Galatians
freedom from the law
Key theme of Philippians
Joy through sufferring
Key theme of Philemon
partnership in Christ
Key theme of Colossians
the "cosmic Christ"
Key theme of Ephesians
unity in Christ
"Antichrists"
mentioned only in 1 and 2 John, there are multiple, they already came
zealots
those who were ready to go to war with Rome, Jewish "minutemen"