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23 terms

Pathology of the Uterus Ch 41

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adenomyosis
benign invasive growth of the endometrium into the myometrial layer that may cause heavy, painful menstrual bleeding
cervical polyp
hyperplastic protrusion of the epithelium of the cervix; may be broad based or pedunculated
cervical stenosis
acquired condition; obstruction of the cervical canal
curettage
scraping with a curet to remove the contents of the uterus (done after incomplete abortion, to obtain specimens for, and to remove growths)
ectocervix
a portion of the canal of the uterine cervix that is lined with squamous epithelium
endometrial carcinoma
malignancy characterized by abnormal thickening of the endometrial cavity; usually includes irregular bleeding in perimenopausal and in postmenopausal women
endometrial hyperplasia
benign condition that results from estrogen stimulation to the endometrium without the influence of progestin; frequent cause of bleeding (especially in postmenopausal women)
endometrial polyp
pedunculated or sessile well-defined mass attached to the endometrial cavity
endometritis
infection within the endometrium of the uterus
Gartner's duct cyst
small cyst within the vagina
hematometra
obstruction of the uterus or the vagina characterized by an accumulation of blood
hydrometra
obstruction of the uterus or the vagina characterized by an accumulation of fluid
intramural leiomyoma
most common type of leiomyoma; deforms the myometrium
intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD)
a device inserted into the endometrial cavity to prevent pregnancy
leiomyoma
most common benign gynecologic tumor to occur in women during their reproductive years
metrorrhea
irregular, acyclic bleeding
nabothian cyst
benign tiny cyst within the cervix
pyometra
obstruction of the uterus or the vagina characterized by an accumulation of pus
sonohysterography
injection of sterile saline into the endometrial cavity under ultrasound guidance; also known as saline-infused sonography (SIS) or hysterosonogram
squamous cell carcinoma
most common type of cervical cancer
submucosal leiomyoma
type of leiomyoma found to deform the endometrial cavity and cause heavy or irregular menses
subserosal leiomyoma
type of leiomyoma that may become pedunculated and appear as an extrauterine mass
tamoxifen
an antiestrogen drug used to treat some carcinomas of the breast