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benign invasive growth of the endometrium into the myometrial layer that may cause heavy, painful menstrual bleeding

cervical polyp

hyperplastic protrusion of the epithelium of the cervix; may be broad based or pedunculated

cervical stenosis

acquired condition; obstruction of the cervical canal


scraping with a curet to remove the contents of the uterus (done after incomplete abortion, to obtain specimens for, and to remove growths)


a portion of the canal of the uterine cervix that is lined with squamous epithelium

endometrial carcinoma

malignancy characterized by abnormal thickening of the endometrial cavity; usually includes irregular bleeding in perimenopausal and in postmenopausal women

endometrial hyperplasia

benign condition that results from estrogen stimulation to the endometrium without the influence of progestin; frequent cause of bleeding (especially in postmenopausal women)

endometrial polyp

pedunculated or sessile well-defined mass attached to the endometrial cavity


infection within the endometrium of the uterus

Gartner's duct cyst

small cyst within the vagina


obstruction of the uterus or the vagina characterized by an accumulation of blood


obstruction of the uterus or the vagina characterized by an accumulation of fluid

intramural leiomyoma

most common type of leiomyoma; deforms the myometrium

intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD)

a device inserted into the endometrial cavity to prevent pregnancy


most common benign gynecologic tumor to occur in women during their reproductive years


irregular, acyclic bleeding

nabothian cyst

benign tiny cyst within the cervix


obstruction of the uterus or the vagina characterized by an accumulation of pus


injection of sterile saline into the endometrial cavity under ultrasound guidance; also known as saline-infused sonography (SIS) or hysterosonogram

squamous cell carcinoma

most common type of cervical cancer

submucosal leiomyoma

type of leiomyoma found to deform the endometrial cavity and cause heavy or irregular menses

subserosal leiomyoma

type of leiomyoma that may become pedunculated and appear as an extrauterine mass


an antiestrogen drug used to treat some carcinomas of the breast

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