59 terms

Cultural Pluralism WCU midterm 1

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Terms in this set (...)

(Ch1,1)What is a belief
Inferences about reality that take 1 of 3 forms

Descriptive
Evaluative
Prescriptive
(Ch1,2)What are values?
A combination of attitudes which generate action or deliberate choice to avoid action.
(Ch1, p4)What are the top nine core values of American society?
1. Worth and dignity of an individual
2. Equality
3. Rights to life liberty property and the pursuit of happiness
4. Rights to freedom of speech, press, religion assembly and private association
5. Consent of the governed
6. Majority rule
7. Rule of law
8. Due process of law
9. Community and national welfare
Know the difference between Consistent inconsistency and Limited Choices by examples?
...
(Ch1p7)What is indoctrination?
Where the intent is to distaste cultural values that must be accepted rather than assist people in deciding what is right and wrong
Define, discrimination, bias, stereotype, prejudice, bigotry and be able to give examples for each.
Bias- a feeling in favor of or opposed to anything or anyone which inhibits impartial judgment.

Stereotypes- a positive or negative trait to traits ascribed to a certain group and to most members of that group

Prejudice- having a negative attitude towards a person or group and acting that way to them

Bigotry- Extreme negative leading to hatred of a person or group( usually associated with violence )

18011 Newhope St18011 Newhope StDiscrimination- action or practices carried out by a person or group of the dominant group, which have a differential & negative impact on the subgroups
Define race
Physical difference of skin and hair
Define Ethanaticy
Based on ethnic origins and cultural differences
(Ch2)What is the difference of prejudice and bigotry
When prejudice is escalated to hatred it will become bigotry
(Ch2)How do media encourage prejudice
Often EXCLUDES minority groups or includes minority groups presented in a stereotypical way

Examples

Asia's have computer jobs

Blacks play ball

Muslims or terrorists
(Ch2)How do people reinforce prejudice
Denial
Victim blaming
Avoidance
Define denial
Denying the existence or significance of prejudice or discrimination
(Ch2)Define and identify prejudicial theory
...
(Ch2)Define and identify institutionalized discrimination theory
Focuses on policies and practices in institutions that may not have been intended to have an adverse effects on a particular group
Ch3 #1 What are the common misconceptions about communication?
1) Communication simply means telling people something
2) Communication is a verbal process to transmit messages using only words.
Ch3 #2 According to a study by Heath (2006), middle class children are more successful at communication and language skills when they enter school than lower income children for what reason?
Both black and white middle-class children did well in school because their parents read to them and asked for didactic meanings of stories but also encouraged engagement in creative an analytical activity
Ch3 #5 Identify the correct sequence of steps in the "circular Theory of Interpersonal Communication"
1) attitudes towards people and groups
2) observations and assumptions
3) conclusions and judgments
4) verbal and nonverbal action
5) attitudes toward people and groups
6) observations and assumptions
7) conclusions and judgments
8) verbal and nonverbal action
Ch3 #7 Identify the levels in kimmels cultural awareness
Cultural chauvinism, tolerance, minimization, and understanding
Ch3 #8 How are communication styles different between blacks and whites
For middle-class white people aggressive behavior is viewed as a harbinger for aggressive behavior, whereas in the black community aggressive or insulting behavior can be more common and not intended to be harmful and more playful. Most white people learn to repress aggressive feelings and maintain a calm demeanor even though they may be furious. Black people are very expressive and passionate when it comes to arguments. White people are encouraged to present unbiased, objective arguments, but black people tend to accept the existence of bias and are skeptical of claims of objectivity.
Ch3 #9 Why are there communication differences between the genders?
Communication differs in boys and girls because of the way kids socialize when they are young-> boys are usually more aggressive while girls are typically nicer. Men show intimacy in later years still with aggressiveness either physically or with sarcasm in close friends, however choose to limit eye contact and will limit conversation and confrontation with unknown men. Women however, will express intimacy by engaging in face-to-face interactions and express concern for the other person's feelings
Ch3 #11 What is equality?
Refers to the belief that every human being, regardless of status, occupation, or wealth, deserves to be treated respectfully, with consideration for hi or her values, beliefs, and behavior.
Ch3 #12 Identify Perry's theory of moral reasoning and give example
Perry's theory is based on the assumption that changes in moral reasoning are related to cognitive development: increased cognitive ability allows individuals the possibility of increasing the complexity of their moral reasoning. Dualism and relativism.
Ch4 #1 What is xenophobia?
The fear/prejudice against people from other nations
Ch4 #3 When the US was being established, what religion was the most influential?
Protestant Christianity
Ch4 #4 What was the "Know Nothing's" original political platform?
The growing political appointment of Catholics and political influence
Ch4 #5 How were German-Americans treated in the early 1900's?
There was an irrational fear that German-Americans were spying for Germany and were Anti-American
Ch4 #6 What was the concept of race based on in the early 1930's?
The concept of separate races being based on national origins
Ch4 #7 The purpose of the eugenics movement was to...
Be concerned about the perceived degeneration of mental abilities among Americans
Ch4 #8 What group is the most affected by the English Only movement?
Immigrants
Ch4 #9 What percentage of children attending U.S. schools came from homes where a language other than English is spoken?
25%
Ch4 #10 What happens to the native language of immigrants in the US after a few generations?
The native language is commonly lost by the third generation
Ch4 #11 What was the primary purpose of the Bilingual Education act of 1968?
It was an Anti-poverty program that encouraged learning/teaching immigrant children the American way in an immigrant's native language
Ch4 #12 How would you set up your class if you were teaching in a two way immersion class?
Pair each student as a native and non-native English speaker to better immerse the student learning English
Ch5 #1 How did Columbus treat the native people of Hispaniola when he "discovered" the island?
Columbus kidnapped a number of Arawaks to auction as slaves in Spain.
Ch5 #2 What were the medical practices of indigenous people?
The healing properties of plants and a cure for scurvy
Ch5 #3 The main conflict between European colonists and Native Americans was over land. What principle refers to peaceful seizure of land that was considered to be underutilized by the indigenous people?
Occupatio bellica
Ch5 #4 What was the outcome of treaties signed by the US and Native American tribes?
Each treaty was violated by the US government to deplete natural resources found on the sacred land
Ch5 #6 What was the result of black soldiers fighting for the colonies during the Revolutionary War?
The colonies only accepted black soldiers after England began accepting black soldiers. The colonies recruited free blacks and slaves
Ch5 #7 When the Constitution of the US was drafted, how were slaved counted in determining political representation?
Slaves were counted as 3/5 of a person
Ch5 #8 What was the purpose of the Congressional Enlistment Act?
The act would pay black soldiers less than white soldiers
Ch5 #10 What was the ruling in Brown vs. Board of Education?
The right for black students to segregate to white only schools
Ch5 #11 What was the purpose of the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882?
Chinese immigrants were becoming too prosperous and were made into a scapegoat. Immigration of the Chinese was banned for 10 years
Ch5 #12 In the early 1900's, what was the Yellow Peril?
The newspaper campaign that claimed Japanese immigrants were not assimilating to the American way of life
Ch5 #13 Why were Filipino immigrants restricted to 50 people annually in 1934?
Filipino immigrants were active in the labor unions which caused resentment among white land owners and other laborers
Ch5 #14 What led to a large Mexican immigration to the US in the 1880's?
The Chinese Exclusion Act
Ch5 #15 What group makes up the largest Spanish speaking ethnic group in the US?
Mexican Americans
Ch6#2 What was the result of the great awakening?
-promoted the principle of religious freedom
-replaced Sectarian conflict with DENOMINATIONAL FAITHS(fair called by many names)
Ch6#3 What do Deists Believe?
-dismisses traditional christian belief
-god is NOT an active force in everyday life
-rational belief instead of supernatural
-affirms creator by understanding creation
Ch6#4 What is the only reference to religion in the Constitution of the United States?
-"no religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to any office or public trust under the united states"

(first secular government to AVOID religious conflict)
Ch6#5 The "freedom to worship according to one's religious beliefs" (bill of rights)
-was guaranteed more in principle than in practice
-considerable opposition to non-protestant faiths
Ch6#6 What does an agnostic believe?
-no religion
-neither prove or disprove existence of god
-Darwin's theory of evolution (major role) and scientific advances
Ch7#1 According to the 2000 census what percentage of children are born to recent immigrants?
1 in 5 children in school are born to recent immigrants=20%
Ch7#2 Identify Terry's up/down metaphor and identify persons that would be exclusively a member of "up" groups
white male
middle/upper
Christian
Heterosexual
Non disabled
Ch7#3 Identify Terry's up/down metaphor and identify persons that would be exclusively a member of "down" groups?
people of color
female
lower class
non Christian
homosexual
bisexual
transgender
disabled
Ch7#4 What was the idea behind the American melting pot perspective
immigrants to America need not relinquish their entire racial or ethnic heritage, instead the idea was that ethnic differences would blend into dominant culture to create a new identity , an American identity made up of cultures and customs carried to America by all immigrants
Ch7#7 What is Cultural Pluralism?
equal coexistence of diverse cultures in a mutually supportive relationship within the boundaries of one nation
Ch7#8 Pluralism is based on?
The belief in equality of opportunity for all people, respect for human dignity and the conviction that no single pattern of living is good for everyone
Ch7#9 what is tolerance according to pluralists?
An adequate response in a nation as diverse as the united stated

"tolerance can create a climate of restraint but not one of understanding...It is far too fragile a foundation for a society as complex as ours. " Eck(2001)
Ch7# 11 What is the first step and most basic tactic when trying to promote social change?
Engage in a dialogue with those in power to convince them to implement a proposal change (persuade the people in power to change)