101 terms

Driver's Ed Final Exam

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What is the purpose of drivers education?
The purpose of drivers education is to give you the knowledge, skills, and attitude needed to be a safe driver and pedestrian. By using the skills you learned in drivers ed, you lower your chances of being involved in costly, dangerous, and potentially deadly collisions.
You should always use courtesy because it helps driver interact on the road, and it keeps the traffic flow moving.
True; when driving, you are always surrounded by other road users. They are present even when out of your view, concealed by your car's blind spots or other obstacles. Be ready to share the road. Traffic laws require you to be courteous to other road users. Courtesy improves driver interaction and keeps traffic moving/
What is an appropriate attitude towards driving?
A motor vehicle is a powerful machine that requires knowledge and skillful handling.
When driving, you should _______.
obey traffic laws and respect the rights of other drivers
Is it necessary to come to a complete stop at a STOP sign, even if the intersection is clear?
Whenever you see a stop sign, you must come to a COMPLETE STOP behind the stop line, crosswalk, or at the corner
What is a driver's physiology?
the way his or her body functions
What requirements must you have for vision to retain your driving privilege?
You must have 20/40 vision or better in each eye and both eyes (corrective lenses permitted)
What is visual perception?
the ability to notice many things at once
What are the 2 types of vision?
central vision and peripheral (side) vision
What is central vision?
3 degrees of our visual field that allows us to make important judgments like estimating distance and understanding details in the path ahead
What is peripheral vision?
side vision; is is more sensitive to light and motion and is not as sharp as central vision
What are 3 basic rules to follow when developing good eye habits for driving?
aim high; keep your eyes moving; get the big picture
What is colorblindness?
a lack of perceptual sensitivity to certain colors
What is carbon monoxide?
byproduct of combustion that can cause carbon monoxide poisoning
What is the psychological condition of the driver?
his or her attitude, outlook, and means of coping
If you are feeling fatigued or sleepy while driving __________.
take regular rest stops or pull off the road and get some sleep
What should you avoid while driving?
a lack of courtesy for other drivers; poor decision making
Carbon monoxide poisoning can be prevented by ________.
always making sure your car's exhaust system is working properly and never leaving a car running in a garage
Cars entering our field of vision from the side require the use of _________.
peripheral vision
In order to drive safely, you need to __________.
have good vision; try looking to the side while keeping your head and eyes straight ahead
The incorrect attitude towards driving is the cause of most collisions among teenagers.
True
What is an "at risk" driver?
a driver who is impatient with traffic, aggressive, and impulsive
Driving while wearing headphones or headsets ______.
is against the law
What are some of the characteristics of safe vs "at risk" drivers?
feeling optimistic and capable of handling driving situations
When feeling ill, taking medication before driving _________.
is dangerous for the driver and others because it slows reactions and the ability to make rapid corrective actions while driving
What is gravity?
the force with which the Earth attracts objects towards itself
How should you turn your wheels if you are parked near the curb?
Turn your front wheels toward the curb if you are parking downhill, and turn them away from the curb if parked uphill.
How should should you turn your wheels if you are parked with no curb nearby?
If you are parked uphill and there is no curb, turn your wheels toward the shoulder of the road
What does the law of inertia state?
an object at rest tends to stay at rest, and an object in motion tends to stay in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force
What is potential energy?
the energy that a piece of matter has because of its position or because of the arrangement of parts
What is kinetic energy?
the energy of motion
What is friction?
the resistance of movement between two surfaces in contact
What is friction affected by?
brakes, tired, road surface, and speed
What is centripetal force?
center seeking force
What is "force of impact"?
the force generated when objects meet
How does the force of impact increase?
it is squared
When driving downhill, your vehicle will accelerate and start moving fast, due to ________.
gravity
Centrifugal force increases with __________.
acceleration
Inertia keeps your vehicle moving until a force slows it down, like __________.
applying the brake; another vehicle
For safety concerning a curve, you should:
decelerate before the curve
When can a turn be made on a red light?
A right turn can be made on a red light ONLY after you stop and yield to pedestrians and vehicles in your path. DO NOT turn if there is a posted sign that says NO TURN ON RED.
You may turn left on a red light from a one-way street onto another one-way street if there is no sign prohibiting the left turn.
What does a flashing red light mean?
the same as a stop sign
What does a yellow light mean?
you should stop if it can be done so safely
What must left-turning vehicles ALWAYS yield to?
vehicles traveling straight
What does red on a road sign symbolize?
red always signifies STOP. This is also the color for DO NOT ENTER and WRONG WAY signs.
What does green on a road sign symbolize?
green signs are used as guide signs and give directional information.
What does blue on a road sign symbolize?
blue signs inform drivers about motorist services. Blue signs are also used to indicate parking spots for disabled drivers.
What does orange on a road sign symbolize?
if you see an orange sign, be aware of road construction or work nearby.
What does brown on a road sign symbolize?
brown signs give information about recreational facilities and scenic guidance.
What does yellow on a road sign symbolize?
yellow signs warn drivers of upcoming hazards or changes in the road.
What does white and black on a road sign symbolize?
information on road regulations
What sign is a always a triangle?
yield
What does a crossbuck symbolize?
a railroad crossing
What do octagons symbolize?
stop signs
What do white lines mark?
traffic traveling in your direction
What do solid white lines mark?
SOLID WHITE LINES indicate the outer edge of a roadway or a separation of lanes in traffic traveling in the same direction. You must not cross over a solid white line unless avoiding a hazard.
What do double solid white lines mark?
DOUBLE SOLID WHITE LINES separate two lanes of traffic going in the same direction. Crossing a double solid white line is prohibited.
What do yellow lines mark?
YELLOW LINES mark the center of a road used for two-way traffic. You may pass on a two-way road if the yellow centerline is broken. When a solid and a broken yellow line are together, you must not pass if you are driving next to the solid line. Two solid yellow lines mean "no passing." Never drive to the left of these lines.
What are center lanes?
enter lanes for left turns are found in the middle of two-way streets. The lane is marked on both sides by two painted lines—with the inner line broken, and outer line solid. When this lane is available, use it to begin or end left turns or to start permitted U-turns.
A right turn should be from the right lane into the right lane of the roadway entered. True or false.
True; A right turn should be from the right lane into the right lane of the roadway entered.
How is a left turn manually signaled?
Left arm extended straight out with hand extended
How is a right turn signaled manually?
Left arm extended upright with hand extended
How is slowing or stopping manually signaled?
eft hand extended downward with palm facing backward
If the road surface or visibility is compromised in any way, such as by traffic congestion or bad weather, you must ____________.
adjust your speed
You must use headlights when driving _________.
Headlights must be used between sunset and sunrise or if driving in rain, smoke, or fog.
What is the "point system"?
A penalty system that notes infractions made by drivers
Which of the following rules should be used to keep the appropriate distance between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you?
The two-second rule should be used to gauge the appropriate distance between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you.
When parking uphill on a street with no curb, how should your front wheels be positioned?
When parking on a hill, if there is no curb, turn the vehicle's front wheels toward the side of the road, so if the brakes fail, the car will roll away from the road and not into the path of other vehicles. This applies to both uphill parking and downhill parking.
What are the de facto speed limits?
Municipal Speed Areas: 30mph;
Business or Residential Area: 30mph;
Rural Interstate: 70mph;
Limited Access Highways: 70mph;
All Other Roads and Highways: 55mph;
School Zones: 20mph
When must high beam headlights not be used?
High-beam headlights must not be used if driving towards vehicles within 500 ft or if you are driving behind vehicles within 300 ft. High-beam headlights are best used at speeds of 25 mph or above. They can reveal objects up to 450 ft away.
Is it okay to use parking lights, rather than headlights?
Driving with parking lights rather than headlights is illegal.
What will help a person sober up (lower the BAL)?
The only thing that sobers you up is time. Your body needs time to get the alcohol out of your system naturally. Caffeine only makes you an alert drunk.
Most drugs taken for headaches, colds, hay fever, allergies, or stress can make a person drowsy and impair their driving abilities.
True; Most drugs taken for headaches, colds, hay fever, allergies, or stress are sedatives. They can make you drowsy and impair your driving abilities.
Alcohol first impairs your _________.
judgment; Alcohol affects brain function and sensory perception directly, with judgment being the first to go. Things like distance and speed perception become much more difficult. Being unable to accurately sense one's surroundings together with a slower reaction time makes any driver a danger to everyone.
What is Blood/Breath Alcohol Level (BAL)?
When you drink alcohol, it filters through your liver and is absorbed into your blood stream. The alcohol level is the ratio between alcohol and blood.
Alcohol was involved in ___ of the total traffic fatalities in 2012 nationwide.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) reported that there were 10,332 alcohol-related fatalities in 2012—31% of the total traffic fatalities for the year.
If your accelerator suddenly gets stuck what should you do?
Shift to neutral
Which of the following will NOT help you avoid skidding on slippery surfaces?
To avoid skidding on slippery surfaces, you should: drive more slowly and stay farther behind the vehicle ahead. Slow down as you approach curves and intersections. Avoid fast turns. Avoid quick stops. "Pump" the brakes to slow or stop. (Antilock brakes should not be pumped.) Shift to low gear before going down a steep hill.
Collisions tend to happen when one driver is going faster or slower than other cars on the road
True; Keep up with traffic. Collisions tend to happen when one driver is going faster or slower than other cars on the road.
If you keep your eyes fixed on a spot ahead of you, you will be less likely to get into a collision.
False; If you look ahead and keep your eyes moving, you will spot a hazard more easily. Once you have seen the hazard and decided what to do, act. Never "wait and see." Never think that everything will be all right. This is all about defensive driving.
How far must you stay behind another car ahead depends on ___________.
Your following distance depends on weather and road conditions. You should give yourself extra cushion: 1. On slippery roads. 2. When it rains or snows.
If you are involved in a collision, what should you do?
If you are involved in a collision, you must stop. Try to help the injured people. Exchange your information and call the police.
If your brakes suddenly give out what should you do?
IF YOUR BRAKES SUDDENLY GIVE OUT: Downshift into a lower gear. Pump the brake pedal for about three or four pumps. Doing this fast and hard will build up brake fluid pressure. NEVER PUMP ANTILOCK BRAKES. Apply the parking brake slowly while holding down the release lever or button. This will prevent the car's wheels from locking and help prevent skidding.
Defensive drivers ________.
Defensive drivers anticipate the actions of other road users and are willing to adjust their own speed and position to prevent collisions. Defensive drivers also adjust their driving practices to reflect changes in weather and road conditions.
What should you do if your temperature gauge moves up to just below the red zone?
If your temperature gauge moves up to just below the red zone, turn off your air conditioner and turn on your vehicle's heater to its highest and hottest setting to help draw some of the heat away from the engine; then immediately seek out a service station with a mechanic.
If you are about to be hit from behind, your best course of action is to brake gently and stop the car.
False; Sometimes it is necessary to speed up to avoid a collision. This may happen when another vehicle is about to hit you from the side or from behind and there is room to the front of your vehicle to get out of danger. Be sure to slow down once the danger has passed.
If a driver under the age of 21 refuses to take a test to determine BAL, his or her driving privilege will be automatically suspended for ______.
one year; If a driver under the age of 21 refuses to take a test to determine BAL, his or her driving privilege will be automatically suspended for one year.
Which drugs are known to distort the perception of reality and thought processes?
hallucinogens; Hallucinogenic drugs come in natural and synthetic forms. These substances are known to distort the perception of reality and thought processes.
If a driver who is under the age of 21 is stopped by a law enforcement officer and shown to have a BAL of .02 or greater, he or she will have his or her driving privilege suspended for ________.
6 months; Florida follows a Zero Tolerance law. This means if any driver who is under the age of 21 is stopped by a law enforcement officer and shown to have a BAL of .02 or greater, he or she will have his or her driving privilege suspended for six months.
A DUI conviction remains on a driver's record for ___ years.
75
In a car crash, wearing a seat belt __________.
Seat belts can reduce injuries and deaths. Your chances of surviving a collision are five times as good if you stay inside the car. A seat belt can keep you from being thrown out into the path of another car.
The clutch pedal is found in cars with manual and automatic transmissions.
False; The clutch pedal is found only in cars with manual transmission. The pedal is located on the floor to the left of the brake pedal. It must be operated with your left foot with the heel resting on the ground.
It is recommended that you sit at least _____ inches away from the air bag.
10
In vehicles equipped with ABS, the driver's foot must remain firmly on the _________ to activate the ABS.
brake pedal; In vehicles equipped with ABS, the driver's foot remains firmly on the brake pedal, allowing the system to automatically pump the brakes. In vehicles not equipped with ABS, the driver can manually pump the brakes to prevent wheel lockup.
Poorly tuned engines do not get good gas mileage.
True; A poorly running engine may lose power that is needed for normal driving and emergencies, may not start, gets poor fuel economy, pollutes the air, and could stall when you are on the road causing a traffic problem.
Underinflated tires flex too much and build up heat, which can lead to tire blowouts.
True; Properly inflated tires are critical to vehicle control and good gas mileage. Underinflated tires flex too much and build up heat, which can lead to blowouts or the tread separating and peeling off.
What are the benefits of maintaining your vehicle?
Regular maintenance is health insurance for your car, and will extend the life of its parts. Maintenance keeps a car safe, dependable, perform well, save fuel, and makes it emission standards compliant. Regular maintenance also makes sense economically: low-cost maintenance can prevent high-cost repairs.
Always adjust your mirrors after adjusting your seat.
True
In order to reduce stress when traveling, you should avoid _____.
rush-hour traffic
Truck drivers probably can't see your vehicle if ________.
you cannot see the truck driver in his or her side mirrors
When you hear or see the warning signal of any emergency vehicle, you should _______.
pull over to closest edge of the road