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Of the following, our beliefs about freedom effect
All of the above
The view that freedom is an illusion and every event in the universe, including human actions, is brought about by previous events in accordance with the natural
According to d'Holbach's view, if you decide to commit suicide, what would this demonstrate regarding freedom?
Who argued that we are free when our actions are a result of our "unimpeded rational desires?"
Who argued that determinism cannot account for "the testimony of our direct, lived experience?"
Who believed that "we are condemned to be free," i.e., we are absolutely responsible to create our own meaningful existence.
Who claimed that free choice is contingent on becoming aware of repressive forces and liberating oneself from them?
The view of freedom that argues that some human actions are free if they are a result of internal motivations and not the product of external causes or influences
The view of freedom that claims that some events, including human actions, are not necessarily determined by previous events in accordance with the natural
The view of freedom that argues that humans are able to make authentically free choices that are not determined by previous events in accordance with the natural laws that govern the universe is:
Belief in determinism prevents people from becoming better persons.
Belief in compatibilism prevents people from participating in a revolution.
Belief in indeterminism allows people to choose their spiritual destiny.
Belief in libertarianism allows people to avoid responsibility for their actions.
Dennett argues that freedom is an objective phenomenon distinct to humans.
External constraints are the limitations to our autonomy imposed by ourselves.
Internal constraints are the limitations imposed by our environment and circumstances.
Freedom is the ability to do what one wants.
Psychic coercion is an internal constraint that compromises one's autonomy and limits one's personal freedom.
To increase personal freedom, one must confront external and internal constraints, thus creating options from which to choose
Some events, including human actions, are not necessarily determined by previous events
All events, including human actions are caused. However, some human actions are free if they are a result of internal motivations
Humans are able to make authentically free choices that are not determined by previous events
Every event, including human actions, is caused by previous events in accordance with the natural laws that govern the universe.
Of the following, Socrates believed what about the soul?
It is Immortal
According to Plato, the soul consists of:
reason, physical appetite, and spirit
According to Descartes, what is the manner in which to seek the truth?
method and doubt
According to Descartes, the soul is governed by
God, laws of reason
According to Locke the mind is a
Who argued that there is no self?
Who argued that we construct the self?
Who argued that mental states are brain states?
who argued that the self is inseparable from the body's physiology?
The Buddhist conception of annatta includes all of the following elements except
Churchland argued that (blank) will be eliminated once advances in neuroscience develop a vocabulary that will enable us to be objective about consciousness and human experience
the study of the ultimate characteristics of reality or existence is
the study of moral values and principles
the branch of philosophy that seeks to establish the rules for correct reasoning and valid arguments
The study of knowledge
the study of beauty, art, and taste
Irony is a form of rhetoric that has at least two conflicting meanings
Socrates believed 'the truth lies within us'
Socrates believed it was better to suffer wickedness than to commit it
Socrates believed 'no one unknowingly does evil'
Socrates believed 'we should strive for excellence in all areas of life'
Socrates was committed to making our actions reflect our convictions
Thales argued that water is the primary substance
Heraclitus argued that all things are in a constant state of changed and the universe is governed by LOGOS
Parmenides argued that reality is changing
reality is unchanging and eternal and change is an illusion
Air is the primary substance
The universe is composed of matter and governed by nouse
all things are in a constant state of change and the universe is governed by logos
the fundamental principles of the universe are mathematical relations
all matter is composed of indivisible atoms
the unexamined life is not worth living