WHAP mid term Barbe High School
Barbe High School Mrs. Brown Mid term These are the right answers tha Mrs. Brown gave us
Terms in this set (100)
The chracteristic political organization of the Tigris-Euphrates civilization was
The Paeolithic Age refers to
The period in which simple stone tools were developed
Once developed, metal tools were preferred over stone tools for all the following reasons EXCEPT
They were easier for ordinary people to make at home
Egypt diferred from Mesopatamia by stressing
Well-organized, durable empires
The Neolithic revolution occurred first in
The Middle East
A characteristic of the human species before the advent of civilization was
The ability to spread to various geographic settings and climate zones
Emphasized the power and abstraction of God
One difference between classical China and the earlier Hwanghe river-valley civilization was that in classical China,
Religious sacrifices were suppressed
A "dynasty" in Chinese history was
A family that passed the imperial title from generation to generation
Which of the following were lowest in official Chinese social hierarchy (aside from the "mean people")?
Compared to a Chinese nobleman, a peasant in classical China differed in all of the following EXCEPT
Dependence on land as the basic economic resource
Chinese art featured
Careful craftsmanship and detail work
Ceremony became an important part of upper-class Chinese life because
The Chinese believe that people should restrain crude impulses
The Chinese government accepted Daoism for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
Daoists believed that nobles were holier than peasants
Compared to China, Indian social and economic structure
Gave greater latitude to merchants
The Mauryan dynasty differed from the Gupta dynasty in that
It ruled a larger territory
Compared to China, Inida
Had greater contact with other societies and civilizations
India's political tradition
Stressed the importance of regional and local units
Buddhism differred from Hinduism by not believing
In the caste system
In the classical period, both China and India
Showed considerable tolerance for different religions
The Socratic method emphasized the importance of
Republican Romans and democratic Athenians would have agreed that all of the following were politically important EXCEPT
divison of powers within the state
Compared to Chinese architecture, Greek and Roman architecture
Emphasized tall towers and steeples
From a Confucian viewpoint, the Roman Empire might have been criticized for placing too much confidence in
Laws rather than trained officials
Roman emperors tried to content masses by
Organizing food supplies and distribution
The Roman Empire
Tolerated local political and religious diversity
The "lessons" of late Han China and the late Roman empire are that the decline of a civilization, whether temporary or permanent,
Is not simply the result of a attack by outside invaders
Which of the following best survived the Hun invasions in India?
Nomadic invaders often had military advantages over the armies of the empire because
They were more skilled as horsemen
One important symptom of Rome's decline was
The drop in population
The first kingdoms in Africa below the Sahara showed the influence of
Egypt and Hellenism
What was the Umayyed response to Muhammad's migration to Medina and subsequent success there?
War broke out between Mecca and Medina resulting in the eventual victory of Muhammad and the Medina clans
The Arabic camel nomads were referred to
The Abbasids moved the political center of the map to
What was the result of the first civil war between the Ali and the Umayyads?
Despite early successes, Ali's faction disintegrated leading to an Umayyad victory and Ali's assassination
Which of the following continents was NOT affected by Islam in the millennium after 600 AD?
The spread of Islam to southeast Asia was delayed until the fall of Buddhist trade empire of
What was the most critical culture advance as a result of the increase contact between Muslims and Indian civilizations?
Muslims adopted the systemp of mathematical notation later referred to as Arabic numerals
What was the nature of Islamic religion that developed in Southeast Asia?
Because Islam came to Southeast Asaia from India and was spread by Sufi holy men, it developed mystical nature that incorporated much of indigenous religion
How did the Muslim Conquerors of Sind treat the Hindu and Buddhist residents of the region?
Hindus and Buddhist were treated as dhimmis or "people of the book"
What region of Africa was first converted to Islam by 700 AD?
How did contact with the Muslim world affect the African slave trade?
With the Muslim conquests of Nor Africa and commercial penetration to the south, slavery became a more widely diffused phenomenon and the slave trade developed rapidly
What monarch is credited with beginning Malinke expansion and creating the Mali empire?
Which of the following groups did NOT migrate to the coastal region of East Africa?
Berbers from North Africa
All of the following were outcomes of Justinian's wars of reconquest EXCEPT
The permanent addition to Rome to the Byzantine Empire
Which of the following was NOT one of Justinian's positive contributions to the Byzantine Empire?
The reconquest of Gaul
What was the great church built in Constantinople by Justinian?
Who was the brilliant general who helped Justinian achieve military gains in North Africa and Italy?
Which of the following was NOT a positive development that introduced new sources of strength by the ninth and tenth centuries to western Europe?
Development of the imperial government
What belief did the conversion of Germanic kings create among western religious leaders, particulary the pope?
That the church had a legitimate authority separate from and superior to the secular rulers
Who were the invaders who disrupted the development of political institutions in the medieval West until the tenth century?
The reforming monastic orders founded in Assissi in the thirteenth century was created by
St. Francis and St. Clare
Which of the following was NOT a function of the Aztec kingship groups?
Assignment of people to cult groups
What city did the Aztecs establish ca. 1325 on a marshy island in Lake Texococo?
Which of the following did NOT occur as a result of the Aztec rise to power?
The abandonment of human sacrifice
What was the capital of the southern Song dynasty?
What was the impact on Confucianism of the Tang suppression of the Buddhist?
Confucianism emerged as the central ideology of Chinese civilization until the twentieth century
What caused the flight of the Song dynasty From their capital in northern China?
The invasion of the Jurchens who had formed the Qin kingdom
During the period of the warring daimyos, what was the factor that led to a revival of Chinese influence on the cultural level?
What was the political result of the Vietnamese drive to conquer regions south of the Red River basin?
The division of Vietnamese into two kingdoms with capitals at Hue and Hanoi
Which of the following statements concerning the Korean bureaucracy under the influence of China is most accurate?
Korea established a Confucian examination system on the Chinese model, but admission to the bureaucracy was determined almost exclusively by birth rather than test scores
A society is almost certainly a civilization if
It is agricultural
Which river-valley civilization was most completely destroyed by invasion?
Hunting and gathering societies
Organize rather small groups into political units
All of the following constituted a function of government in Han China EXCEPT
Aid to unwed mothers
Chinese view of nature emphasized
Harmony and balance
Which of the following does NOT help explain why India was more often invaded than China?
Hostility to warfare
The Aryan conquerors brought to India
distinctive religious ideas
If the Greek genius was politics, the Roman genius was
Hellenistic society registered special advances in
By 600 C.E., an early civilization was beginning to take shape in
Despite major differences, Christianity, Hinduism, and Buddhism all show interest in
Life after death
What happened after Muhammad's death in 632?
Many of the Bedouin tribes renounced Islam
Whicj of the following was NOT a reason for the early expansion of Islam beyond Arabia?
The desire to convert new populations to Islam
In general, how did Islam spread in Southeast Asia?
Port cities were points of dissemination to other links in trading networks
Which of the following statements concering the Sufi movement within Islam is most accurate?
The Sufi movement incorporated mysticism with a trend toward evangelism
Which of the following statements concerning the social organization of the Malinke people is most accurate?
Malinke society was divided into three groups-clans of freemen, people devoted to religion, and specialists and tradesmen
What emperor became renowned in the eleventh century as the slayer of the Bulgara by defeating the Bulgarian kingdom and restoring Byzantine rule in the Balkans?
In the twelfth century, what Parisian scholars-the author of YES AND NO-utilized logic to examine ecclestiacal doctrine?
The Toltec capital was established in
Which of the following was NOT a problem during the last years cof the Tang dynasty?
The revolt of An Lushan
Whix of the following statements most accurately describes the nature of the Japanese government following the death of Yoritomo?
Real power rested in the Hojo family, who manipulated the Minamoto shoguns, who in turn claimed to rule in the name of the emperor at Kyoto
The development of agriculture caused important changes in all of the following EXCEPT
The tendency to believe in many gods
One difference between classical civilizations and river-valley civilizations was that in classical civilizations
Politcal organizations were more elaborate
Full union with the divine essence
Compared to modern American ideas about democracy, Athenian democracy was distinctive
Urging that all citizens participate directly in law-and policy-making
The end of the Gupta empirebdifferred from the decline of Rome in that it did not involve
The introduction of a new religion for the majority
How did the Caliph al-Mahdi resolve the problem of succession in the Abbasid dynasty?
He failed to resolve the problem of dynastic succession with disastrous results
What accounted for the downfall of Songhay?
Invasion by a Moroccan Muslim army equipped with firearms
What two missionaries were responsible for the creation of a written script for Slavic language?
Cyril and Methodius
Which of the following statements about the manorial system is NOT true?
It was technologically sophisticated
The Aztec innovation in intensive agriculture in the aquatic environments of the lakes of central Mexico was the development of
In what decade did open persecution of Buddhism within the Chinese empire begin?
Which of the following statements concerning the nature of Korean society is most accurate?
Because of the monopolization of all things Chinese by the tiny Korean elite, neither a merchant nor an artisan class developed in Korea
The development of writing
Helps explain why governments could become more formal and bureaucratic
One of China's key economic strengths was
High levels of technological innovation
In contrast to the situation in China,the values developed in classical India
Encouraged greater emotional spontaneity
The Senate of republican Rome particulary represented
The landed aristocracy
Compared to Hinduism and Buddhism, all of the following constitute distinctive features of late-Roman Christianity EXCEPT
Belief that an evil life will be punished
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