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French Ballet terminology

STUDY
PLAY
adage
series of slow, connected movements, usually done in center
arabesque
working leg is extended to the back
assemblé
to jump from one foot to both feet, assembling the legs in the air
attitude
bent position of the leg, usually in the air
balancoire, en
term applied to grand battement when executed in continuous swinging motion front and back
chainés
a series of traveling turns
chassé
to chase; one foot chases the other one out of the way (slide in modern)
coupé
to cut
croisé
body at a 45 degree angle to the audience; legs are in 5th or 4th and are crossed to the audience
dégagé
to disengage; an extension of the straight leg with the foor slightly off the floor
demi plié
half bending of the knees; heels stay on the floor
développé
to develop; extending one leg into the air, going through knee flexion first
écarté
body at a 45 degree angle to the audience; legs open through 2nd
échappé sauté
to jump from both feet in a closed position to both feet in an open position, usually turned out
effacé
body at a 45 degree angle; legs are in 5th or 4th and are open to the audience
fondu
to bend the supporting leg with the other leg in a non-weight bearing position
fouetté
a whipping movement; there is a great variety of fouettés. often it is the sharp whipping action around of the body from one driection to another
grand battement
full swinging action of the extended leg as high as possible without distorting the supporting leg or the torso; front, side/ or back
grand jeté
big leap
grand plié
full bending of the knees; heels release from the floor, except in 2nd and 4th. opposite 2nd
pas de bourrée
three steps, usually back, side, front; often a transition step
pas de chat
step of the cat; a jump from one foot to the other, bending the knees as each leg leaves the floor
pas de cheval
step of the horse
passé
to pass the toe of the working foot up along the inside of the calf to the knee of the supporting leg
penché
to hinge over from the hip socket while standing on one leg; working leg can be in a variety of positions
piqué
to pick or prick; to step directly onto the ball of the foot
pirouette
stationary turn on one leg
port de bras
carriage of the arms
promenade
to change the facing of the body by slightly lifting the heel of the supporting leg and pivoting on the ball of the foot
relevé
to rise to the balls of the feet; can be done on one foot also; sometimes called élevé when it is done without the benefit of a preceding plié
renversé
there are several variations; one is that the working leg executes a rond de jambe en l'air en dedans as the body does a half turn toward the supporting leg
retiré
knee of the working leg is bent with the toe touching the knee of the supporting leg
rond de jambe
circular movement of the leg from the hip socket
en dehors
outward
en dedans
inward
à terre
on the floor
en l'air
in the air
en attitude
in attitude; supporting knee can be straight or bent
saut de basque
aerial turn leaping from one foot to the other and landing with second leg bent with foot in front of shin; turn is away from the landing foot
sauté
jumping or jumped
sissonne
a jump from two feet to one, usually closing feet at the end
soutenu
sustained; one leg pulls into the other, ending in a relevé fifth
tendu (tendue)
to stretch; to extend one foot and leg without bending the knee and ending with the tip of the toe still on the floor
tournant, en
indicates that the body is to turn while executing a given step