Terms in this set (89)

Household registration has also been a target of reform, but change has been scaled, controlled and slow. For example, initial amendments began shortly after the economy opened, as both the mobility of the population and criticism of the system increased. Changes at that time, continuing through the 1990s, were mainly administrative (that is, who will manage registrations and quotas), but also allowed for transfers in some locations and under certain, specific circumstances.

Unfortunately for many, the reforms that are taking place today are really not all that different than in the past, setting criteria in limited locales, which most rural migrants cannot meet. A more recent example comes from one of the country's most thriving provinces, Guangdong. In 2014, authorities there announced that they would be relaxing the Hukou policy in select cities to attract more, and more skilled, workers. Those with an established place of residence who have held a job in the city for at least three (in some cities, five) years, will be allowed to apply for a permanent registration change. Higher degree-holding graduates can also apply for residency in most cities, with the right to transfer to other cities in the province. Guangdong's largest cities, Guangzhou and Shenzhen, are looking to control their already sizeable populations, while still attracting the talent they need to continue growing economically.
-Chinese premier: Li Keqiang - Hukou system as a barrier to urbanizaiton and economic growht