APUSH 1st Semester exam Review

Hope everyone enjoys these, feel free to use them if you like the answer, if not then do not use them. Two or Three questions may not be in here because I do not know the real answers. ENJOY!! If you are the first one on this notecard set, please send it to other people in Mrs. Harpers AP classes
Know about Representative Democracy and Economic gain in Jamestown
The House of Burgesses was the first form of Representative Democracy. Jamestown was able to survive on Tobacco, "Stinking Weed", providing revenue for the colony
Difference in Founding of Virginia and Massachusetts
Virginia was found for economic gains while Massachusetts was found for religion.
an economic system (Europe in 18th C) to increase a nation's wealth by government regulation of all of the nation's commercial interests
Who were Puritans
This group of immigrants from England who believed the were choosen to be God's Elect. The lived in Harmony with different types of people.
What was the Great Awakening
A series of unified religious movements.
George Whitefield and Jonathon Edwards
These men were great religious speakers during the Great Awakening
Ben Franklin's intensions at Albany Congress
Ben Franklin went to present his plan for a colonial union: Albany Plan. His "Join or Die" cartoon was to emphasize his plan for American Colonies.
Important result for British and America from Seven Year's War
The British expanded their empire in America and Americans became united for a cause.
Important Battle during Seven Year's War
The Battle of Quebec becaus it cut off Canada's supply lines with France.
Colonist Attiudes Changing
After the Seven year's war was that they did not need any help, and they could rely on themselves for things to come.
Lexington and Concord
the first battle of the American Revolution(April 19, 1775) "Shots heard around the world"
Events preceding to cause rebellion
Boston Tea party, Boston Massacre, Stamp Act, Sugar Act, No Taxation without Representation, etc.
July 4 1776
Declaration of Independence signed
Thomas Paine
This man was an English author who wrote Common Sense which eventually led the colonist to cut all ties with Britain.
Battle of Saratoga and Yorktown
Saratoga: Gained French Aid
Yorktown: Ended Revolutionary War
Motivation of French
Embarrass Britain because of the devestating defeat in the Seven Year's War
Major political and military leaders
George Washington: Commander of the Continental Army
Thomas Jefferson: Kept Aid from France going until end of War
Treaty of Paris siginificance
This treaty gave America independece form Britain and America got lands east of the Mississippi, except for Spanish Florida
WHo Wrote Declaration of Independence
Thomas Jefferson
Why wasn't slavery abolish when nation was founded
The economy was based solely off that institution
Weaknesses of Articles of Confederation
Could not Tax colonist and It did not allow military
Great Compromise and other Compromises
The Great Compromise was to stop the fighting over the representation in Congress. It brought together The Virginia Plan(representation by pop.) and New Jersey Plan(2 people from each country in SEnate). Two other compromise gained were the 3/5 Compromise and Executive Election Compromise
Federalist and AntiFederalist views on Constitution
The Federalist wanted to ratify the Constitution while the Antifederalist wanted to have a strict interpretation of the Constitution.
Father of the Constitution
James Madison
Bill of Rights Purpose
This was to protect people's liberties and rights
What did the Constitution give to President and Congress
President could veto legislative laws and appoint judges. Congress got power to collect tax and declare war
Washington precedent for terms in office
Washington left after 2 terms (8 years) of being President
Washington's Farewell Address
Gave warning to stay away from politcal factions and stay away from making an alliance with nations that would not promote American security
Hamilton's Financial System
Federal government will: 1) take over responsibility for paying off the national debt, 2) take over the state debts, impose customs and excise taxes and establish a Bank of the U.S.
Hamilton and Jefferson leads to parties
These two men's oposing views showed the birth and development of political parties.
Election of 1800
This election was significant because it was a peaceful transfer of power and the 12th amendment was made.
John Marshall's appointment
The Court became Federalist led When John Adams appointed this man to be Chief Justice of Supreme Court; all decisions were based off of Federal views.
Louisiana Purchase, Republic Party, and Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson, being a Republican, bought Louisiana form France. This was seen as Unconstitutional.
XYZ Affair, Jay's Treaty, Citizen Genet Affair, and Embargo Act for neutrality
Americans got bad treatment from French intermediators who were to be known as XYZ. Jay's Treaty did not gain Britain support of US neutrality. Genet was a FRench minister who violated US neutrality. The Embargo Act ended trade with Wurope for not recognizing Neutrality
Powerful European Nations
France and Great Britain
Encroachment in Colonial and Republic eras
In Colonial era, Encroachment was very little, while during the Republic era encroachment was seen offenly because of the want to expand the nation.
Sedition Act and Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
The federalist placed this Act to stop making fun of government which threatened civil liberties. The Resolutions that followed were to defend the rights of the people.
Reasons why US went to War with Britain in War of 1812
War Hawks persuasion to Get Madison to send declaration of War. US wanted Britain to respect their maritime rights.
Degree of unification
The US was united in a low degree because of sectionalism between slavery
Hartford Convention
Meeting of Federalists near the end of the War of 1812 in which the party listed it's complaints against the ruling Republican Party. These actions were largley viewed as traitorous to the country and lost the Federalist much influence
War of 1812 = status quo ante bellum
At the end of this war, there was no difference from when it started. The treaty that ended the war just stopped fighting.
Eli Whitney and Samuel Slater
These men were budded the Industrial revolution because they invented machines that aided in manufactoring and the lives of people
Battle of New Orleans
A battle during the War of 1812 . Due to the foolish frontal attack, Jackson defeated them, which gave him an enormous popularity boost being seen as a national hero
Sectionalism at beginning of War of 1812
The embargo act seperated many people. People at that time were mad at the act because trade was economic revenue
Growth of Nationalism at end of War of 1812 and beginning of Era of Good Feelings
The US were swept up in nationalism after the War which entered into the Era of Good Feelings. Nationalism during that Era helped pomote better economy, technology, and well being.
Judicial Review in MArbury vs Madison Case
This review recognized the authority of Courts power to declare statutes unconstitutional
Loose and Strict Construction
Loose: Constitution can be interpreted to meet changes of the world
Strict: The Constitution is to be kept with original intent with no interpretation
Jefforsonian and Hamiltonian Political Philosophies
Jeffersonian Republicans: Strict construction with States having power.
Hamiltonian Federalist: Loose Construction with strong central government
Monroe Doctrine
This was a warning that America would stop all colonizaions by any European powers
Transportation Revolution
The Transportation Revolution was experienced because they needed better transportation for the growing population. Examples; National Road, Erie Canal, Rail Roads, Steamboats, etc.
Election of 1824, Henry Clay, John Q Adams, Andrew Jackson
The Election of 1824, between Andrew Jackson John Q Adams and Henry Clay, later became the "corrupt bargain". henry Clay left running and election came to the House where Adams became victorious, even though Andrew Jackson actually got better results, because of Henry Clay's persuasion of his followers to vote for John Q Adams.
Jacksonian Democracy Political changes
2 party system create and new methods of getting support were started
Spoils System
the system of employing and promoting civil servants who are friends and supporters of the group in power to Government jobs
Andrew Jackson Hatred of Bank
He thought the bank was unconstitutional and the bank was not protecting common man."War on Bank" to eventually kill it. The bank never regained its charter.
Jacksons policies to Natives
His policy was not different from past presidents, except for the fact that he wanted to remove the Natives more quickly and thoroughly then the past.
Southern on Tariffs
Supported lower tariffs because they feared higher tariffs would ruin revenue
Northern on Traiffs
Supported higer tariffs because it promoted revenue
Tariff of Abominations, John C Calhoun, Andrew Jackson, and Nullification Crisis
After the Tariff of Abominations was passed, South Carolina started the nullification crisis. John C Calhoun was a major supporter for nullification to get states the rights to nullify Federal laws. Andrew Jackson eventuall stopped the crisis through the Force Bill
Whigs Holding on
This political group were able to get support form several different groups of people with different views
Polk and Tyler and Manifest Destiny
These two men made land purchases such as Oregon, Texas, Maxican Land, which expanded the US land.
Manifest Destiny
Based off of 3 ideas: 1. God was on Side of American Expansionism 2. Extend American Freedom 3. Population Growth needed an outlet
Mexican American War and Slavery
This war brought the issue of Slavery back up because of the Wilmot Proviso. Southeners thought the proviso was a plot to bring down slavery
IRISH and GERMAN immigrants came to America in large numbers during 1840
Which territory wanted to be a free state
Compromise of 1850 and slaves
This compromise brought about a strict Fugitive Law witch made Northeners, who were mainly anti-slavery, capture and return runaway slaves back to the south.
Radical and Moderate Abolitionist
Radicals believed in violent uprisings against authroity. Moderates believed in political and peaceful methods to get point across
Free-Soilers and slavery
These groups of men wanted the expanison of slavery to stop for other men to get jobs they rightfully deserve
Abolitionist and Free soil sentiment
It grew because they did not want slavery to be extended throughout the country
Dread Scott and John Brown
These two men were involved in seperate events which rose the tensions between North and South who both believed that they were trying to disrupt or keep slavery in America.
Missouri Compromise and slavery
This compromise made slavery illegal over the 36 30 line and legal under that line in the Louisiana Purchase for slave and free states to be equal
Know-Nothings and Nativism
This political party was a Anti-immigrant group of people who believed in a policy that protected interest of native born against immigrants
Popular Soverignty in Kansas-Nebraska Act
This "solution" raised tensions because it would permit slavery into a place where it was prohibited
Lincoln Douglass debates for Lincoln's Future
This showed Lincoln's willingness to end slavery and he got support from Republicans which would play well in the Election of 1860
John Brown, Nat Turner, Harriet Tubman, Harriet Beecher Stowe, William Lloyd Garrison, and Dred Scott
John Brown: Black Abolitionist who raided Harpers Ferry
Nat Turner: Led most bloodiest and succesful slave revolts
Harriet Tubman: Escaped Slave who was a conductor for Underground RR
Harriet Beecher Stowe: Worte Uncle Toms Cabin
William Lloyd Garrison: Abolitionist who found Anti-Slavery Society
Dred Scott: Slave not granted freedom in the Dred Scott Case
Election of 1860
Southeners thought North was trying to end slavery through Lincoln's election and they seceded the Union
Abe Lincoln and Jefferson Davis
Abe Lincoln: President of the Union
Jefferson Davis: President of the Confederacy
Main Reasons for Civil WAr
Re establish Union and Slavery
Significant Military Leaders in North
Ulysess S Grant and George McClellan
Significant Military Leaders in South
Robert E Lee and Stonewall Jackson
Confederate Surrender at Vicksburg
When Confederates surrendered at this location, the Union gained control of the Mississippi River
South was hoping for support form Britain. However, after the loss of this battle, Britain remained neutral.
In 1863, Robert E Lee went into Pennsylvania to fight a bloody 3-day battle
Advantage of North and South
North: Transportation and Manufactoring
South: Military Leadership and Homefield Advantage
Cause of War changed
After the Emancipation Proclamation, Lincoln changed the cause of war from Re-establishing the Union to ending slavery.