Lesson 1

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Music can be defined as?
An art based on the organization of sounds in time
4 main properties of musical sounds
Pitch, dynamics, tone color, duration of rhythm
Pitch
Highness of lowness of a sound
The smaller the vibrating element, the ___ the pitch
Higher
A tone in music is a sound that
Has a definite pitch
Pitch range
Distance between the lowest & highest tones a voice or instrument can produce
Dynamics
degrees of loudness and softness in music
Dynamic accent
When performer emphasizes a tone by playing it louder than the others around it
When notating music for others to read, composers used what language?
Italian
Crescendo
Gradual increase in loudness
Diminuendo
Gradual decrease in loudness
Tone color is synonym to
Timbre
Opus in Latin stands for
work
range of a singers voice depends on
Training & physical makeup
Register
Part of an instruments total range
Symphonic band
Consists of brass, woodwinds, & percussion
Pizzicato
Plucking a string
Vibrato
When a string player causes small pitch fluctuations by rocking their left hand
Why are woodwind instruments named so?
Because they were originally made of wood
Highest woodwind instrument
Piccolo
Lowest instrument in orchestra
Contrabassoon
Reed
Thin piece of cane, used by woodwinds
English horn is neither English or a horn but a..?
Alto oboe
Vibrations of brass instruments come from
Players lips
Brass instruments didn't require valves until the ___ century?
Middle of the 19th
Mute
Hollow funnel shaped piece of wood or plastic that brass players use to alter tone of their instruments- softer
What is the only orchestral drum that has a definite pitch?
Tympani
How many keys does the piano have?
88
The ___ has strings that are plucked by a set or plastic, leather or quill wedges
Harpsichord
The __ has many sets of pipes controlled from multi keyboards
Pipe organ
Main tool of composers of electronic music during 1950s was
Tape studio
Synthesizers
-Allow composer to control pitch, tone color, dynamics & duration.
-played by means of a keyboard
-generate variety of sounds
MIDI
Musical instrument digital interference- Interfacing synthesizer equipment
Beat
Regular, recurrent pulsation that divides music in to equal units of time
Meter
Organization of beats into regular groups
Downbeat
First, stressed beat of a measure
Syncopation
When an accent occurs on unexpected beat
Tempo
Rate of speed of the beat
Slowest tempo
Adagio
Ritardando
Slowing down of tempo
Western music uses the __ letters to indicate pitch
First seven
Staff is a
Set of 5 horizontal lines
Clef
Placed at the beginning of a staff to show pitch
Treble clef
High pitches
Musical notation, silence is indicated by
Rests
In full score of orchestral composition, families of instruments are top to bottom
Woodwinds
Brass
Percussion
Strings
Decrescendo
Softer
Duration
Length of sound
4 families of instruments
Strings- bow/pluck
Woodwind-reed is vibrated by blowing air
Brass- lips vibrate in mouthpiece
Percussion- struck or shaken
English horn, flute, clarinet, bassoon
Woodwind
Violin, cello, piano, viola, bass
String
Snare drum, xylophone, tambourine, tympani
Percussion
French horn, tuba, trombone, trumpet
Brass
Tone color
Quality of sound
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...