Terms in this set (...)
Music can be defined as?
An art based on the organization of sounds in time
4 main properties of musical sounds
Pitch, dynamics, tone color, duration of rhythm
Highness of lowness of a sound
The smaller the vibrating element, the ___ the pitch
A tone in music is a sound that
Has a definite pitch
Distance between the lowest & highest tones a voice or instrument can produce
degrees of loudness and softness in music
When performer emphasizes a tone by playing it louder than the others around it
When notating music for others to read, composers used what language?
Gradual increase in loudness
Gradual decrease in loudness
Tone color is synonym to
Opus in Latin stands for
range of a singers voice depends on
Training & physical makeup
Part of an instruments total range
Consists of brass, woodwinds, & percussion
Plucking a string
When a string player causes small pitch fluctuations by rocking their left hand
Why are woodwind instruments named so?
Because they were originally made of wood
Highest woodwind instrument
Lowest instrument in orchestra
Thin piece of cane, used by woodwinds
English horn is neither English or a horn but a..?
Vibrations of brass instruments come from
Brass instruments didn't require valves until the ___ century?
Middle of the 19th
Hollow funnel shaped piece of wood or plastic that brass players use to alter tone of their instruments- softer
What is the only orchestral drum that has a definite pitch?
How many keys does the piano have?
The ___ has strings that are plucked by a set or plastic, leather or quill wedges
The __ has many sets of pipes controlled from multi keyboards
Main tool of composers of electronic music during 1950s was
-Allow composer to control pitch, tone color, dynamics & duration.
-played by means of a keyboard
-generate variety of sounds
Musical instrument digital interference- Interfacing synthesizer equipment
Regular, recurrent pulsation that divides music in to equal units of time
Organization of beats into regular groups
First, stressed beat of a measure
When an accent occurs on unexpected beat
Rate of speed of the beat
Slowing down of tempo
Western music uses the __ letters to indicate pitch
Staff is a
Set of 5 horizontal lines
Placed at the beginning of a staff to show pitch
Musical notation, silence is indicated by
In full score of orchestral composition, families of instruments are top to bottom
Length of sound
4 families of instruments
Woodwind-reed is vibrated by blowing air
Brass- lips vibrate in mouthpiece
Percussion- struck or shaken
English horn, flute, clarinet, bassoon
Violin, cello, piano, viola, bass
Snare drum, xylophone, tambourine, tympani
French horn, tuba, trombone, trumpet
Quality of sound
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