How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

55 terms

latin american studies

STUDY
PLAY
europeans
ethnicity in the southern cone
indigenous
ethnicity in the amazon
indigenous
ethnicity in the andes
europeans, africans
ethnicity in brazil
africans
ethnicity in the caribbean
meztizo
ethnicity in mexico/central america
paraguay
rio de la plata flows through...
venezuela
orinoco river flows through...
peru, argentina
two main andes countries
1910
date of the mexican revolution
1810-1825
date of the independence of spanish latin america
1492
date of european arrival in latin america
quechua
one of the official indigenous languages of peru
aymara
one of the official indigenous languages of bolivia
guarani
one of the official indigenous languages of paraguay
neocolonialism
a period of economic and cultural imperialism on latin america by US and Europe without direct intervention
rubber
a profitable product from the amazon
beef
a profitable product from argentina
coffee
a profitable product from brazil and some central america/caribbean
positivism
the idea that authoritarian rule is the answer to achieve order and progress (as long as its for the good of the country)
united fruit company
central american (and columbian, venezuelan) company that basically controlled land and government
united fruit company
set up "banana republics"
spanish american war
war between US and spain over US intervention in cuban war of independence. US wins cuba and other countries
yellow journalism
biased/exaggerated writing which is often illegitimate
platt amendment
part of the cuban constitution which allows US to intervene in cuban affairs if we withdrew our troops (after spanish american war). guantanamo bay
roosevelt
president who tried to separate columbia from panama in order to build the canal
predestiny
white superiority (cultural, racial)
white mans burden
often used as an excuse for US intervention, the idea that we (white people) are superior and need to help inferior races
manifest destiny
the US idea that we should reach our full potential by expanding west
monroe doctrine
statement by the US saying only we have the right to involve ourselves with latin american affairs (no european)
roosevelt corollary
addition to the monroe doctrine saying that US are the "police" of latin america and we will enforce european requests rather than them directly
porfirio diaz
mexican dictator during the neocolonialism period. welcomed US investment which led to prosperity for mexico
machado de assis
one of the great brazilian novelists despite being half black during the late 1800s
dario
a great nicaraguan poet despite being meztizo during the late 1800s
late 1800s
general date for the great export boom
great export boom
time during the neocolonial era where exports grew, large landowners/middle class prospered, and mass migration to urban areas
oligarchy
rule by few
bananas
the main profitable export in central america and some caribbean
belize, jamaica
the two english speaking countries in latin america
nationalism
the new wave of patriotism that swept latin america after the neocolonial era
economic nationalism
a type of nationalism that stands up to foreign economic imperialism
ethnic nationalism
a type of nationalism that focusses on indigenous foods, traditions, etc.
nationalism period
it was during this period that the old ideas of inferior races began to die in latin america
import substitution industrialization
the process of latin americans operating in markets left vacant by US and european factories because of the great depression. brazil, argentina and mexico benefitted greatly
good neighbor policy
the decision by the US to avoid aggressive intervention with latin american countries. improved relations
zapata
one of the leading figures in the mexican revolution, led forces in the south
pancho villa
one of the leading figures in the mexican revolution, gathered former workers and cowboys in the north to fight
diego rivera
a mexican nationalist painter who painted large murals on ceilings
frida kahlo
a mexican nationalist painter who painted small portraits
batista
cuban nationalist army sergeant who helped overthrow the cuban government and ran cuba as a pro-US "client state"
rafael trujillo
pro-US dictator from the dominican republic who was very tyrannical. "our bastard"
carmen miranda
a brazilian singer/dancer who acted in some US movies
yrigoyen
nationalistic president of argentina who passed many social reforms similar to fdr
the slaughter
1932, when an el salvadorian dictator massacred more than 10,000 people because they were indians
vargas
a very nationalistic leader of brazil for 70 years. leftist, similar to FDR