12 terms

ITN v5.1 Chapter 3

STUDY
PLAY
encoding
process of modifying data to an acceptable format for transmission
decoding
process of modifying transmitted data into a format that is usable by a device
encapsulation
process of inserting a formatted message inside another formatted message
segmentation
process of splitting data into smaller pieces for transmission on a network
de-encapsulation
process of removing a formatted message from another formatted message
unicast
a form of message delivery in which a message is delivered to a single destination
multicast
a form of transmission in which a message is delivered to a group of hosts
broadcast
a form of transmission in which a message is delivered to all hosts on a network
open standard
refers to protocols that are available to the public at no cost
proprietary
refers to protocols that are developed by companies and are available to the public for purchase
PDU
the form of a piece of data that is associated with each protocol layer
default gateway
a router that is responsible for redirecting the packets it receives to their destination
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