40 terms

Military History Final: Battles Pt II

The Peace of Amiens is broken
1805 by the Third Coalition when it declares war on France
Battle of Cape Finisterre
22 July 1805. British (under Calder) v. France (under Villeneuve). Calder drives off French fleet
Villeneuve sails back to Cadiz
11 August 1805
The three army corps waiting in Boulogne to cross the English Channel give up waiting and march off to fight in Germany
26 August 1805
Nelson returns to England after two year at sea
August 1805
French-Spanish fleet at Cadiz
2 September 1805
Nelson sets sail for Cadiz
15 September 1805
Nelson sends ships for supplies
2 October 1805
Rosily to replace Villeneuve
18 October 1805
Battle of Trafalgar
21 October 1805 Nelson (Britain) v Villeneuve (France). Britain wins but Nelson dies
Napolean declares France an empire
28 May 1804
Napoleon crowned emperor
2 December 1804 at Notre Dame
Napoleon has conquered or allied himself with every major continental European power
November 1806
Berlin Decree
November 1806 embargo on Britain. This was the beginning of the Continental System.
Milan Decree
1807, reinforced Continental System and embargo on Britain
Orders in Council
1807, British prohibit allies from trading with France
Embargo Act
1807, US stopped all foreign trade, trying to remain neutral. Led to the War of 1812 with England
Napoleon tries to take control of Portuguese ports
1807, because Portugal refused to participate in Continental System. The king fled and the Portuguese rose up in revolt, supported by a British army under Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, beginning the Peninsular War in 1808
Peninsular War
began in 1808 lasted until 1814 with Napoleon's defeat, UK, Spain, and Portugal v. Napoleon
Russia leaves Continental System
1812, led to France invading Russia
Napolean invades Russian Poland
23 June 1812. Barclay de Tolly (Russia) keeps retreating, not wanting to fight France yet
Number of Napoleon's men during Polish invasion
Largest army ever: 771,500 men.
Battle of Smolensk
16-17 August 1812, 175,000 French attempt to circle behind the Russian army as it retreats, attack the city of Smolensk, which has been unexpectedly reinforced by Bagration with 130,000 men. France burned the city down and Russians evacuated
Kutuzov is appointed
17 August 1812, continues to fall back
Kutuzov finds a strong defensive position at the village of Borodino, on the road to Moscow, and begins digging earthworks
3 September 1812
Battle of Borodino
7 September 1812, Frances last offensive in Russia. Russia withdrew, saving its strength for later when it would force France out
Moscow is captured
14 September 1812
Battle of Maloyaroslavets
24 October 1812 Kutuzov successfully blocks the southern route of retreat for Napoleon. French army has to march back same way they came, a path now scorched
Berezina river
26-29 November 1812, French are crossing when Kutuzov attacks
French Grand Army leaves Russian territory
14 December 1812 with only 22,000 men. Napolean rushed back to France earlier in December when he heard of an attempted coup d'etat.
Napoleon goes on the offensive in Germany
1813, trying to regain prestige and get Prussia back as an ally, but fails to capture Berlin
Prussia declares war on France (Napoleon)
March 1813, Napolean manages to defeat the allied Prussian and Russians at the Battles of Lutzen and Bautzen. Negotiations mediated by Austria break down over the summer, and by the end of the summer Napolean faces Austria, Prussia and Russia, all of them subsidized by England
Battle of Lutzen
1813, France beats Prussia and Russia
Battle of Bautzen
1813, France beats Prussia and Russia
Battle of Dresden
26-27 August 1813, France beats Austria Prussia and Russia
Battles of Gross Beeren, Katzbach and Kulm
end of August 1813, Napoleon loses to Austria Prussia and Russia
Battle of Leipzig
14-19 October 1813 (aka Battle of the Nations, and Battle of the Three Emperors), Napoleon v. Austria Prussia and Russia. France loses
Coalition army under Blucher invades France
1 January 1814
Battle of La Rothiere
January 1814, Blucher beats Napoleon on French soil
Napoleon surrenders
11 April 1814. Exiled to Elba and monarchy is restored