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40 terms

Chapter 3 Moral Theology Test

These are the answers to Collins' Chapter 3 test. I'm pretty sure Melebeck and Hebert have the same thing, not positive though.
STUDY
PLAY
B) choice and deliberation
A moral act is one that is formed with...
A) self-esteem and positive feelings.
B) choice and deliberation.
C) breathing and thinking.
D) truth and anger.
C) prudence
The ability to make and carry out correct moral decisions is...
A) wisdom.
B) understanding.
C) prudence.
D) piety
B) knowledge
The virtue or sinfulness of an act is determined in part by...
A) whether it's legal.
B) knowledge.
C) whether anyone one gets hurt in the process.
D) fortitude and piety.
B) He knows what he is doing, and is aware of the moral dimension of the act.
Full knowledge of a moral act presumes what two things of the agent (the person doing the act)?
A) He feels good about his choice and will share it.
B) He knows what he is doing, and is aware of the moral dimension of the act.
C) He is open-minded and inclusive.
D) None of these is correct, since full knowledge is impossible for human beings.
D) these things are caused by the abuse of human freedom.
War, crime, hunger, and drugs are all examples of evil that come about because...
A) God does not really care what happens in the world.
B) God is punishing people with these evils.
C) in spite of what the Bible says, God is actually quite cruel.
D) these things are caused by the abuse of human freedom.
B) exercise responsibility.
The best way to acquire and grow in freedom is to...
A) start a riot and demand freedom.
B) exercise responsibility.
C) file a lawsuit.
D) write a letter to your congressman.
D) people have a free will and intellect.
That which separates people from animals is that...
A) people can alter their environments.
B) people have feelings.
C) there is no difference between people and animals, since they are all created by God.
D) people have a free will and intellect.
A) help us see the truth clearly and conquer our passions.
Grace is what God offers to us to...
A) help us see the truth clearly and conquer our passions.
B) reduce our freedom, so we will not be fully accountable for our actions.
C) keeps us under his control.
D) help us live by instinct and personal desire.
D) the good, since that is God's design for the use of our free will.
Human freedom by its very nature directs itself towards...
A) good or evil, depending on the feelings of the person who is acting (the agent)
B) only evil, since we see that humanity has a dismal history of using its free will properly.
C) neither good nor evil, since free will is amoral.
D) the good, since that is God's design for the use of our free will.
D) A,B, and C
Human free will...
A) often gets us into trouble when we abuse it.
B) is what sets people apart from animals.
C) is what allows us to bear personal responsibility for our actions
D) A,B, and C
B) object.
What we intend to do in a moral act is known as the...
A) intention.
B) object.
C) circumstances.
D) moral imperative
A) intention.
The motivation of the moral act is known as the...
A) intention.
B) object.
C) circumstances.
D) moral imperative
True
Human freedom is limited because people are limited beings.
True or False?
True
Moral acts never leave us the same.
True or False?
True
Christian morality brings us human dignity in its truest form, because through this morality we learn to imitate the words and actions of Jesus Christ.
True or False?
True
Knowledge is partial when it is obscured by some obstacle that interferes with moral judgement.
True or False?
False
Freedom is the ability to do whatever we want.
True or False?
True
Freedom is the power we have over our own actions
True or False?
False
The animal instincts that exist in humans are part pf who we are and should be accepted as such.
True or False?
False
God's grace can be burdensome because he imposes it on us.
True or False?
True
Perfect freedom is expressed in the virtue of prudence.
True or False?
True
Invincible ignorance describes when a person does not know the moral law and it is not his or her fault.
True or False?
True
Even for the most devout Catholics, the moral life is always a struggle.
True or False?
False
When Moses handed down the Law, he told the people that the truth would make them free.
True or False?
True
Freedom and responsibility go hand-in-hand.
True or False?
True
Good choices transform and bad choices degrade each of us.
True or False?
Human Acts
Actions done using knowledge and will
Acts of man
Actions done without knowledge or will
Moral acts
Composed of object, intention, and circumstances
Indifferent acts
Actions which have no moral value themselves
Responsibility
Accountability for one's acts before oneself and a superior authority
Indirect Responsibility
Accountability for the secondary effects of a free act
Partial Knowledge
Knowledge obscured by the presence of some obstacle interfering with a moral judgement.
Full Knowledge
Clear and deliberate knowledge of the merit or sinfulness of an action
Culpable
The quality of being guilty of deserving punishment for participation in sin.
Freedom
The ability to choose God's will
Subjective Morality
Standards that are not universal but are decided upon by the individual involved.
Deliberation
Thinking before making a moral act
Vincible Ignorance
Lack of knowledge for which a person is morally responsible due to lack of diligence
Invincible Ignorance
Lack of knowledge that can't be overcome by ordinary diligence.