First Aid

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Terms in this set (...)

What are the objectives of first aid?
Prevent further injury
Prevent further infection
Prevent loss of life
What are the four methods of controlling bleeding?
Direct Pressure
Elevation
Pressure Points
Touniquet
What is a pressure point?
A point in the body where a main artery lies near the skin surface and over a bone, you can reduce blood flow to areas of the body by applying pressure at this point
How many principal pressure points are on each side of the body?
11
How many classifications of burns are there?
3
Describe the characteristics of a 1st degree burn.
Redness, warmth and mild pain
Describe the characteristics of a 2nd degree burn.
Red, blistered skin and severe pain
Describe the characteristics of a 3rd degree burn.
Destroys tissue, skin and sometimes bone, severe pain may be absent due to nerve ending being destroyed.
What are the two types of bone fractures?
Open/Compound
Closed/Simple
What is heat exhaustion?
Skin is cool, moist and clammy. Pupils are dilated, body temperature is normal or high, victim is usually sweating profusely
What is heat stroke?
Breakdown of the sweating mechanism of the body, victim is not able to eliminate excessive body heat buildup. Symptoms may include hot or dry skin, uneven pupil dilation and a weak, rapid pulse.
What are the three types of cold weather injuries?
Hypothermia
Superficial frostbite
Frostbite
What are some of the symptoms of hypothermia?
Appear pale or be unconscious, breathing is shallow and slow, pulse is faint or even undetectable. Body tissues feel semi-rigid and arms and legs feel stiff
What is shock?
A life-threatening medical condition where the body suffers from insufficient blood flow throughout the body as a result of injury or illness.
What are the five types of shock?
Septic shock (bacteria multiplying in the blood)
Anaphylactic shock (hypersensitivity or allergic reaction)
Cardiogenic shock (heart damaged or failure)
Hypovolemic shock (severe blood or fluid loss)
Neurogenic shock (spinal cord injury)