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Terms in this set (30)
When was the Magna Carta signed? Who by?
1215. King John
What is the Magna Carta?
Essentially a treaty between the King and the Barons. It is the first example of legislation that is still in force today.
Why is the Magna Carta more than the sum of its parts?
It was a foundation of principles. The Magna Carta itself did not change much.
Why was King John not a popular King?
He lost power over Normandy and over-taxed people.
Who did King John want to be archbishop of Canterbury? Why?
John de Grey. He believed it was his land and his people.
Who did Pope Innocent III want to be archbishop of Canterbury? Why?
Stephen Langton. He believe he should choose his appointed archbishop of Canterbury.
What happened after King John refused Langton as A.C.
Pope placed England under indict. There are no marriages or mass etc
What caused King John to be exocommunicated from the church?
He confiscated all church property because the priests were not doing their jobs. This also made the Pope declare John's kingdom forfeit.
What made King John finally declare Langton as A.C., return all church property and surrender his Kingdom to the Pope?
The Pope encouraged King Phillip of France to invade England and told him that God justifies him in doing so.
What was the result of John declaring Stephen Langton as A.C.?
Significant upset with John among Barons and the people of England
Who were the Barons?
Upper-class people, most of whom were out to get John
What is the significance of Magna Carta's prohibition on constables holding "pleas of the crown"?
It secured the trial of all serious crimes before the King's Justices. It took jurisdiction of nearly all criminal matters away from the county court.
What happened to a convicted felon's land according to the Magna Carta?
It was escheated to the crown.
What happened after King John lost Normandy to France?
He attempted to raise an army and recapture it. Many barons refused to help and agreed to make war against John unless he agrees to grant a charter affirming their rights
After being granted time to consider the Baron's request, what did John do? What happened in response?
He attempted to break up the Barons through Bribery. London Barons, Curia Regis and members of John's household defected to the Baron's cause. John grants the Magna Carta
What happened after John granted the Magna Carta?
Pope Innocent III declared it void, exocommunicated the Barons, suspends Stephen Langton (Archbishop of Canterbury) and London was placed under interdict.
What caused John to lose the Crown Jewels in a swamp, become depressed and die?
The knowledge that the crown had been offered to Prince Louis of France by the Barons
Which young King was supported by the Barons for renewing Magna Carta?
King Henry III
Why is the Magna Carta described as a restorative document, rather than a revolutionary one?
It turned things back to how they were previously done
What does a lot of the text in the Magna Carta deal with?
Regulating the system of feudalism
The Magna Carta stands as the first time...
The Monarch agreed to limit his power
True or false? The Magna Carta was argued as the foundation of English Law
List things that judges and lawyers "found" within the Magna Carta:
Habeas corpus rights.
Trial by Jury.
The principle of "no punishment without law".
The requirement of evidence to prove guilt.
The general integrity of justice that is free of corruption.
Reasonable limits on punishment.
The monarch is subject to, not above, the law.
Why are debts owed to Jews singled out for mention in Magna Carta?
They were the King's bondmen. They paid threepence a year and had no taxes
Define appeal (in 1215)
Signifies an accusation or challenge
What was the envisaged role of the Council of the Twenty-five Barons?
The monarch is subject to, not above, the law.
Who or what prevented Prince Louis from becoming King of England?
The loss of his reinforcements in his naval engagement off Dover (Fair of Lincoln).
What was the significance of William marshal under King Henry III?
He was 9 year old King Henry III's protector and prosecuted the war against Prince Louis and the rebel Barons
How many times has Magna Carta been confirmed by the English monarchy? Why were these confirmations issued?
37. People are ever ready to purchase its confirmation from other Kings.
What is the significance of Magna Carta being part of the current laws of New Zealand?
It is the oldest statute of New Zealand today. It is referenced in the Imperial Laws Application Act 1988.
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