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intended exaggeration to make a point, add humor, or add interest


giving inanimate objects human qualities


an analogy comparing two unlike nouns to create an image so that the reader looks at an idea in a new way


a metaphor that uses 'like' or 'as'


a humorous play on words that misuses words on purpose

rhyme scheme

the regular pattern of end rhymes in a poem

fixed rhyme scheme

a rhyme scheme for poem forms that must be followed, like that of a limerick, a sonnet, etc.

figurative language

writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally, includes metaphors, similies, personification, etc.


a writer's use of language to put a picture or a concrete sensation of a person, thing, place, or experience into the mind of the reader


a regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song


division of a poem (composed of two or more lines); unit of meaning similar to a paragraph in prose

parallel construction/parallelism

matching structure of words, e.g. tense, number, pronoun use, etc.


a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize


a humorous verse form of 5 anapestic lines with a rhyme scheme aabba named for a port city in southwestern Ireland

free verse

poetry without a regular pattern of meter or rhyme


a repetitive phrase or word in a poem in which as many syllables as necessary repeated in a kind of refrain, e.g. a Gregorian chant or some music of Native People


a form of poetry found in Japanese courting ritual where the man writes a three line stanza (5-7-5) and the woman responds if she is interested with a five line stanza (5-7-5-7-7)


...sounds that blend well, particularly those in poetry or music, and that create a sense of pleasure for the reader or listener


In poetry or music, the use of harsh, jarring, discordant sounds; to create a sense of dissonance or discomfort.


a witty satiric verse containing two rhymed couplets and mentioning a famous person made famous by Edmund Clerihew Bentley


The use of a word or phrase that imitates or suggests the sound of what it describes, eg buzz


ridiculing or making fun of a serious work or idea by imitating its style or language


an indirect, less offensive way of saying something that is considered unpleasant, eg. previously owned car = used car


a measure of poetic syllables into combinations of stressed and unstressed units of rhythm; a unit of meter (beat)


a unit of meaning in poetry into which a poet divides the lines; also used to mean poetry or to mean a stanza in a poem

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