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Terms of Poetry 2012-13 - Test

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hyperbole
intended exaggeration to make a point, add humor, or add interest
personification
giving inanimate objects human qualities
metaphor
an analogy comparing two unlike nouns to create an image so that the reader looks at an idea in a new way
simile
a metaphor that uses 'like' or 'as'
pun
a humorous play on words that misuses words on purpose
rhyme scheme
the regular pattern of end rhymes in a poem
fixed rhyme scheme
a rhyme scheme for poem forms that must be followed, like that of a limerick, a sonnet, etc.
figurative language
writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally, includes metaphors, similies, personification, etc.
imagery
a writer's use of language to put a picture or a concrete sensation of a person, thing, place, or experience into the mind of the reader
refrain
a regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song
stanza
division of a poem (composed of two or more lines); unit of meaning similar to a paragraph in prose
parallel construction/parallelism
matching structure of words, e.g. tense, number, pronoun use, etc.
allusion
a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize
limerick
a humorous verse form of 5 anapestic lines with a rhyme scheme aabba named for a port city in southwestern Ireland
free verse
poetry without a regular pattern of meter or rhyme
chant
a repetitive phrase or word in a poem in which as many syllables as necessary repeated in a kind of refrain, e.g. a Gregorian chant or some music of Native People
haiku-tanka
a form of poetry found in Japanese courting ritual where the man writes a three line stanza (5-7-5) and the woman responds if she is interested with a five line stanza (5-7-5-7-7)
harmony
...sounds that blend well, particularly those in poetry or music, and that create a sense of pleasure for the reader or listener
cacophony
In poetry or music, the use of harsh, jarring, discordant sounds; to create a sense of dissonance or discomfort.
clerihew
a witty satiric verse containing two rhymed couplets and mentioning a famous person made famous by Edmund Clerihew Bentley
onomatopoeia
The use of a word or phrase that imitates or suggests the sound of what it describes, eg buzz
parody
ridiculing or making fun of a serious work or idea by imitating its style or language
euphemism
an indirect, less offensive way of saying something that is considered unpleasant, eg. previously owned car = used car
foot/feet
a measure of poetic syllables into combinations of stressed and unstressed units of rhythm; a unit of meter (beat)
verse
a unit of meaning in poetry into which a poet divides the lines; also used to mean poetry or to mean a stanza in a poem