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16th Amendment

A change to the Constitution allowing for the goverment to pass direct taxes, such as income tax

17th Amendment

A change to the Constitution allowing the direct election of Senators

18th Amendment

A change to the Constitution forbidding production, sale, and consumption of alcohol

19th Amendment

A change to the Constitution that gave women the right to vote

Jim Crow Laws

Laws passed AFTER the Reconstruction
Made segregation between African Americans and Whites legal

WEB Du Bois

Disagreed with Booker T. Washington
Believed that suffrage (the vote)was the way to end segregation
Help to start the NAACP

Booker T. Washington

Believed in equality through education
Accepted social segregation


Forced sparation of people of different races in public places


Journalist who reported the negative conditions found in factories, cities, and politics


Removal of an elected official by voters in a special election

Direct Primary

Election in which nominations of candidates for office are made by voters


Citizens can propose a bill/lawby petitioning with a specific number of signatures of registered voters


People can vote directly on a proposed law

Gilded Age

A period of time in US history when there is a newly created rich class
Thisclass of people were created by the growth of industry

Political Corruption

Illegal actions; used organization to gain power and influence laws

Political Machines

A political party organization in big cities that holds power by controlling votes, courts, and police

Political Bosses

The people that were in charge of the political machines


A person hired to represent a company or special interest group

Political Reforms

Changes made in politics to get rid of political corruption


First state for political reform
Robert La Follette was Governor

Factory Safety

Many ______ were very poor it had papers and items everywhere on the floor.
The bosses would lock the doors so the workers couldn't get out if a fire or emergency happened unexpectedly

Workers Compensation

Fund set up by business
Pay in determined by safety record in business

Labor Unions

A group of workers organizes working to make the work place safer

Child Labor

Brought by reforms

Pendleton Act( Pendleton Civil Service Act)

Set a merit system controlled by the civil service
At first the Act affected only 14,000 out of 130,000 federal jobs
Act now has more than 90% of the goverment jobs

Temperance Movement

18th Amendment made it illegal to consume, produce, and sell alcohol

Suffrage Movement

Started as abolitionist
Realized women were denied basic right and ability to vote

Susan B. Anthony

Worked to gain suffrage for all women

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Worked to gain suffrage for all women

Plessy v. Ferguson

(1896) Supreame Court Case that said separate facilities were legal if they were equal in quality

Reform President(Theodore Roosevelt)

I took over when McKinley was shot
I was known as a cowboy, reform, and progressive


These people brought attention to conditions established 1st national parks
Took trips to places to get publicity for preserving the areas

Urban Problems

Didn't have enough space and equipment to meet daily values. MANY FIRES! (Sanitaion, crime, over crowding, ect.)

Progressive Movement

The period of time that individuals try to solve problems in the country

Income Tax, Senators elected, Alcohol no no, Women Vote

What does ISAW Stand for?

both about voting

What do the 19th and 17th amendment have in common

Separate but equal

What did the Plessy v. Furguson court case mean

Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois

Who believed that Plessy v. Ferguson was wrong?

Booker T. Washington

Who started Tuskengee Institute

Workers compensation and labor unions

What were the solutions to factory safety and child labor?

Factory safety and child labor

What were the 2 problems in these four items workers compensation, fire safety, child labor, and labor unions


What does suffrage mean?

Band alcohol

What did the temperance movement do

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