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APES Unit 1: Ch. 1, 2, 28
Terms in this set (61)
What piece of evidence is most likely to form the basis of an environmentalist's opinion?
Consensus science suggests that potential global climate change, deforestation, and species loss should be taken as serious problems.
The Industrial Revolution is characterized by a shift from...
Farming employment to factory employment
able to be traced back to it's original point
(automobile tailpipe, factory smokestack, a drainpipe form powerplant)
Point sources of pollution include all of the following EXCEPT...
runoff from cropland
When did the Industrial Revolution reach the US?
What percentage makes up developed countries?
The Indutrial Revolution began where?
What was the primary use of energy during the Industrial Revolution?
Usefulness to humans
the basis of instrumental value
What percentage of people live in developing countries?
What did the sagebrush rebellion seek to do?
reduce federal ownership of land
what were some environmental warnings during the 1960's?
the ozone hole was discovered, air pollution killed people in New York, the Cayahugo River caught fire, and foam from laundry detergents appeared in streams. (the American Bison was NOT hunted to extinction)
Biocentrists are against what?
unrestrained resource use
Which president tripled the amount of land in the National Wilderness system and doubled the area administered by the National Park Service, formed the Department of Energy and developed Superfund?
What has happened to the gap between rich and poor since 1970?
it has increased, then substatially increased since 1980
True/ False: Developing countries use about 12% of the world's resources?
The three factor model of environmental degradation and pollution includes..
average number of units of resources each person uses, amount of environmental degradation/ pollution generated when each unit of resource is produced, and number of people. NOT the climate.
What are contributing factors of pollution?
allowing fertilaizer to runoff from cropland; releasing gases from coal combustion, causing acid rain; dumping deterents into streams, killing fish; spraying DDT, lowering the eagle population
An environmentally sustainable society...
PROTECTS the prospects of future generations, MEETS the needs of its people withouot jeoparrdizing the needs of future generations, and SATISFIES the needs of its people by harvesting without depletion
What decade is considered the Golden Age?
What was a major stimulus for the Industrial Revolution?
a shortage of wood
The first Earth Day was when?
April 20, 1970
What would be considered a very high rate of annual exponential growth?
On the outskirts of a municipality lies a forest on public property. Aperson applying precautionary principle would suggest what?
harvesting trees BELOW their extimated sustainable yield
What are examples of natural capitol?
soil, air, water, and nutrients. NOT sunlight
Ecology is the study of what?
What is globalization?
WORLDWIDE integration of social, economic, and environmental change
The Industrial Revolution is characterized by what?
economic growth, average per capita energy consumption, and ability to utilize Earth's workers. NOT social cocern for workers
Which president appointed industrialists to key positions in the Department of the Interior, reduced budgets and staff of conservation orginizations, and reduced funding for research on renewable energy sources?
Concerns of people of color and poor people disproportionaltely exposed to environmental pollution and degradation are most likely to be adressed by who?
the environmental justice movement
Why are pollution cleanup efforts ineffective?
they can be overwhelmed by growth in population and consumption, once pollutants are dispersed, it costs too mouch to reduce them to acceptable levels, and they often transfer pollutants from one part of the environment to another.
If the world's population grew by 1.5% in 1998 and continued at that rate, how long would it take Earth's population to double?
The Agriculture Revolution resulted in what?
increased deforestation, increased manipulation of nature, and increased soil erosion. NOT protection of wild animals and plants
The American settlers primarily viewed in the continent as an..
hostile wilderness that needed to be conquered
What was the CCC?
a group of unemployed men employed to do conservation projects for the government
What is exponential growth?
starts out slowly then becomes very rapid
What does the precautionary principal suggest?
use materials more efficiently
MOST of the environmental problems we face are what?
Slash- and - burn cultivation
leaves ashes from burned vegetation, which adds nutrients to the soil
What are the basic beliefs of a plantery management worldview include?
humans are in charge of nature, Earth has an unlimited supply of resources for human use, human success depends upon how well we manage Earth's life support systems for our benefit. NOT humans need the earth, but the earth does not need us
Letting agriculture runoff cause oxygen depletion and fish kills dwonstream best describes what concept?
What is shifting cultivation?
alternation of planting periods with fallow periods
The Sierra Club was developed by who in 1892?
What principle did Gifford Pinchot use to manage America's renewable forest resources?
sustainable yield and muiltiple use
After WW1, the Republican administrations of 1921-1933 increased the us of public lands for what?
Cultural revolutions are characterized by what?
improved standard of living
What did Theodore Roosevelt establish?
first federal wildlife refuge
What is an example of non point source of pollution?
fertilizer runoff from lawns, pesticides dispersed by airplanes, run off from cropland and stockyard
What are species that have a right to life regardless of their usefulness to humans?
Sustainable development can be distinguished from economic development by emphasis on what?
use of economic systems and the earth's resources
A resource that is too expensive to exract is called what?
What is NOT important in determining the damae produced by a pollutant?
Developing countries have a higher percentage of what?
population under 15
hunter-gatherer environmental impacts were kept low by what?
giving nature time to recuperate after they move
What attitude could characterize the Native Americans?
The land and resources are to be respected
money in a savings account, the king who promised to double the number of grains of wheat he put on each succesive square of a checkerboard, and human population growth all illustrate what?
effects of pollution might include what?
spread of disease from an open dump
Henry David Thoreau and George Perkins Marsh were what?
A starting point in establishing the federal government's responsibility to protect public lands from unsustainable resource was the what?
establishment of the first federal reserves and wildlife refuges
the use of a natural resource based on sustainable yield is what?
What is an example of recycling?
collecting and remelting aluminum coke cans
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