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another name for Western theatre

Juan Darien: A Carnival Mass

show in which director Julie Taymor used African masks

1801, Cape of Good Hope

first European-style theatre in Africa


"fish-out-of-water" play by Lamine Diakhate

Ken Saro-Wiwa

Nigerian playwright, executed for his outspoken views against the Shell Oil Company

Wole Soyinka

Nigerian playwright, considered Africa's greatest living playwright; writes about African mythology; won a Nobel Prize for "Dance of the Forest"

the Greek

the name for the curtain in some ancient Indian plays, proving the influence of the Western world


play by Kalidasa, one of the most famous Sanskrit plays


means "story play"


Hindu epic from 300 BCE


Hindu epic, more than 2500 years old

green faces in Kathakali theatre

represents nobility

red faces in Kathakali theatre

represents evil and angry characters

yellow faces in Kathakali theatre

represents women

1700s, India

British forces colonized and began to change the culture of India

Bravely Fought the Queen

written by Mahesh Dattani, play about the clash of Indian tradition with modern times


religion that greatly influenced Indian theatre

Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism

religion that greatly influenced Chinese theatre

610 CE, China

first known theatre building in China

714 CE, China

Emperor Ming-Huang created school of the arts

Children of the Pear Garden

Chinese actors often are referred to as these

Qing dynasty

time frame in which the Peking opera was brought to China

circling the stage

in Peking opera, showed that actor was on a long journey

Indian theatre

only form of theatre in which women were traditionally allowed

running across stage with a piece of fabric

in Peking opera, showed that it was windy

pantomiming a gallop

in Peking opera, showed that the actor was on horseback

blue faces in Peking opera

represents vigor and courage

red faces in Peking opera

represents loyalty

black faces in Peking opera

represents honesty

yellow faces in Peking opera

represents intelligence

brown faces in Peking opera

represents stubbornness

civil plays

Peking opera plays featuring imperial concubines,, palace eunuchs, chivalry, romance

military plays

Peking opera plays set during the Three Kingdoms period

Yang Ping Pass

example of a military play

1949, China

Peking opera dramatically altered by Communists

Red Guard

Communist group whose sole purpose was to wipe out the culture of China in 1966

1976, China

Cultural Revolution ended

1978, China

Peking opera once again allowed

Leiyu (The Thunderstorm)

play written by Cao Yu criticizing the old order of China

1603, Japan

Tokugawa Ieyasu took power and condemned all outside influences, including Christianity

Buddhism, Shintoism

religion that greatly influenced Japanese theatre

1374, Japan

shogun named Yoshimitsu started the Noh theatre form by inviting ritual performers to perform in his palace


means "talent" in Japanese

deities, samurai, women, insanity, legends

the only possible subjects of Noh drama


first part of a Noh play, usually a chance meeting between two characters, used as exposition


second part of Noh play, protagonist performs a dance that expresses their concern


third part of Noh play, protagonist appears as a new self, and conflict is resolved

Sotoba Komachi (Komachi at the Grave)

one of the most famous Noh dramas

pine tree

according to Shinto ritual, deities descended to earth via one of these; symbolizes eternal life


the narrow bridge used to enter the stage in Noh theatre


means "song, dance, skill" in Japanese


creator of Kabuki in a brothel

1659, Japan

boys forbidden to be Kabuki actors because were getting hit on by samurai


men playing women in Kabuki


means "radish" in Japanese, used to boo a performer

history plays

Kabuki plays about major political events

domestic plays

Kabuki plays about the loves and lives of merchants and townspeople


Kabuki plays about the world of spirits and animals


history play about a warrior named Yoshitsune, one of the most popular Kabuki plays

Migawari Zazen

farcical Kabuki play about and adulterous husband foiled by his wife

Chikamatsu Monzaemon

considered the Japanese Shakespeare

The Love Suicides of Amijima

play by Chikamatsu based on a real double suicide


modern form of Kabuki theatre that integrates Western realism; women could play women

Chichi to kuraseba (The Face of Jizo)

novel by Hisashi Inoue that portrays life after Hiroshia


one of the first shadow-theatre artists

Taif al-Khayal (The Spirit of the Shadow)

comic shadow play by Muhammad Ibn Daniyal

Ta'ziyeh plays

religious plays, enact the suffering and death of Imam Hussein

1847, Middle East

first European-style play written in Arabic by Marun al-Naqqash

1915, Egypt

Munira al-Mahdiyyah became one of the first women to appear onstage; went on to become first female artistic director

You Have Come Back

play by Fatima Gallaire-Bourega, about a woman with radical ideas

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