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70 terms

Random Art of Theatre Questions-- Chap. 11

STUDY
PLAY
Aristotelian
another name for Western theatre
Juan Darien: A Carnival Mass
show in which director Julie Taymor used African masks
1801, Cape of Good Hope
first European-style theatre in Africa
Sarzan
"fish-out-of-water" play by Lamine Diakhate
Ken Saro-Wiwa
Nigerian playwright, executed for his outspoken views against the Shell Oil Company
Wole Soyinka
Nigerian playwright, considered Africa's greatest living playwright; writes about African mythology; won a Nobel Prize for "Dance of the Forest"
the Greek
the name for the curtain in some ancient Indian plays, proving the influence of the Western world
Shakuntala
play by Kalidasa, one of the most famous Sanskrit plays
Kathakali
means "story play"
Ramayana
Hindu epic from 300 BCE
Mahabharata
Hindu epic, more than 2500 years old
green faces in Kathakali theatre
represents nobility
red faces in Kathakali theatre
represents evil and angry characters
yellow faces in Kathakali theatre
represents women
1700s, India
British forces colonized and began to change the culture of India
Bravely Fought the Queen
written by Mahesh Dattani, play about the clash of Indian tradition with modern times
Hinduism
religion that greatly influenced Indian theatre
Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism
religion that greatly influenced Chinese theatre
610 CE, China
first known theatre building in China
714 CE, China
Emperor Ming-Huang created school of the arts
Children of the Pear Garden
Chinese actors often are referred to as these
Qing dynasty
time frame in which the Peking opera was brought to China
circling the stage
in Peking opera, showed that actor was on a long journey
Indian theatre
only form of theatre in which women were traditionally allowed
running across stage with a piece of fabric
in Peking opera, showed that it was windy
pantomiming a gallop
in Peking opera, showed that the actor was on horseback
blue faces in Peking opera
represents vigor and courage
red faces in Peking opera
represents loyalty
black faces in Peking opera
represents honesty
yellow faces in Peking opera
represents intelligence
brown faces in Peking opera
represents stubbornness
civil plays
Peking opera plays featuring imperial concubines,, palace eunuchs, chivalry, romance
military plays
Peking opera plays set during the Three Kingdoms period
Yang Ping Pass
example of a military play
1949, China
Peking opera dramatically altered by Communists
Red Guard
Communist group whose sole purpose was to wipe out the culture of China in 1966
1976, China
Cultural Revolution ended
1978, China
Peking opera once again allowed
Leiyu (The Thunderstorm)
play written by Cao Yu criticizing the old order of China
1603, Japan
Tokugawa Ieyasu took power and condemned all outside influences, including Christianity
Buddhism, Shintoism
religion that greatly influenced Japanese theatre
1374, Japan
shogun named Yoshimitsu started the Noh theatre form by inviting ritual performers to perform in his palace
"Noh"
means "talent" in Japanese
deities, samurai, women, insanity, legends
the only possible subjects of Noh drama
"Jo"
first part of a Noh play, usually a chance meeting between two characters, used as exposition
"Ha"
second part of Noh play, protagonist performs a dance that expresses their concern
"Kyu"
third part of Noh play, protagonist appears as a new self, and conflict is resolved
Sotoba Komachi (Komachi at the Grave)
one of the most famous Noh dramas
pine tree
according to Shinto ritual, deities descended to earth via one of these; symbolizes eternal life
Hashigokarti
the narrow bridge used to enter the stage in Noh theatre
Kabuki
means "song, dance, skill" in Japanese
Okuni
creator of Kabuki in a brothel
1659, Japan
boys forbidden to be Kabuki actors because were getting hit on by samurai
onnagata
men playing women in Kabuki
"Daikon"
means "radish" in Japanese, used to boo a performer
history plays
Kabuki plays about major political events
domestic plays
Kabuki plays about the loves and lives of merchants and townspeople
dance-dramas
Kabuki plays about the world of spirits and animals
Kanjincho
history play about a warrior named Yoshitsune, one of the most popular Kabuki plays
Migawari Zazen
farcical Kabuki play about and adulterous husband foiled by his wife
Chikamatsu Monzaemon
considered the Japanese Shakespeare
The Love Suicides of Amijima
play by Chikamatsu based on a real double suicide
Shimpa
modern form of Kabuki theatre that integrates Western realism; women could play women
Chichi to kuraseba (The Face of Jizo)
novel by Hisashi Inoue that portrays life after Hiroshia
Batruni
one of the first shadow-theatre artists
Taif al-Khayal (The Spirit of the Shadow)
comic shadow play by Muhammad Ibn Daniyal
Ta'ziyeh plays
religious plays, enact the suffering and death of Imam Hussein
1847, Middle East
first European-style play written in Arabic by Marun al-Naqqash
1915, Egypt
Munira al-Mahdiyyah became one of the first women to appear onstage; went on to become first female artistic director
You Have Come Back
play by Fatima Gallaire-Bourega, about a woman with radical ideas