____ is leadership that creates a positive image of the future that motivates organizational members and provides direction for future planning and goal setting.
Which of the following approaches to implementing Fiedler's contingency theory in the workplace has proven effective?
accurately measuring and matching leaders to situations
Leaders who possess the trait of ____ are more decisive and assertive and more likely to gain others' confidence.
In terms of leadership behavior, the term ____ refers to the extent to which a leader is friendly, approachable, supportive, and shows concern for employees.
Strategic leadership is defined as the ability to think strategically and create a strategic plan for an organization.
Directive leadership is a leadership style in which leaders set challenging goals, have high expectations of employees, and display confidence that employees will assume responsibility and put forth extraordinary effort.
Which of the following is the best leadership style for all situations?
none of these
Which of the following is a major concern of leaders (as opposed to managers)?
inspiring and motivating others
Which of the following is another term for considerate leadership behavior?
Leadership is the process of influencing others to achieve group or organizational goals.
Which of the following statements about what makes a successful leader is true?
Successful leaders are confident about their ability to make long-term strategic decisions even if the decisions seem risky to others.
According to the path-goal theory, which of the following is an example of an environmental contingency?
the formal authority system
____is the process of influencing others to achieve group or organizational goals.
Transactional leaders ____.
reward followers for good behavior and punish followers for poor behavior
One of the differences between managers and leaders is that managers focus on visions, missions, goals, and objectives, and leaders focus solely on productivity and efficiency.
There is no such thing as a "best" leadership style for all situations and employees.
____ is the ability to anticipate, envision, maintain flexibility, think strategically, and work with others to initiate change that will create a positive future for the organization.
Which of the following is an example of a situational theory of leadership?
Fiedler's contingency theory
To save a company from bankruptcy, its CEO told its employees that he would eliminate 53 percent of the company's mechanics and reduce the compensation of the remaining mechanics by 26 percent. In terms of the normative decision theory, Steenland ____.
made autocratic decisions
Which of the following statements about leaders and managers is true?