18 terms

Human Geography Ch. 10

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Four fundamental aspects of the role of towns and cities in human economic and social organization
Mobilizing function of urban settlement
Decision-making capacity of urban settlement
Generative functions of urban settlement
Transformative capacity of urban settlement
Mobilizing function
- Large, diverse populations provide opportunities to get things done.
-Cities are efficient settings for organizing labor, capital, and raw materials AND for distributing finished products.
Decision-making capacity
- Urban settings bring important public and private institutions and organizations closer together. People within these organizations implement important policies and decisions.
- Cities effectively become places where power is concentrated.
Generative functions
- The concentration of people in urban places provides greater interaction and competition, which facilitates generation of innovation, knowledge, and information
Transformative capacity
- The size, density, and diversity of urban populations tends to have a liberating effect on people, allowing them to participate in a variety of lifestyles that are difficult to partake in outside of urban settings.
Urban form
the physical structure and organization of cities.
Urban ecology
the social and demographic
composition of city districts and neighborhoods
Urbanism
people's attitudes and behaviors
about the city in which they live.
Gateway cities
cities that serve as a link between one country or region and others because of their physical situation; command entrance to, and exit from, their particular country or region
Ex. New Amsterdam, Rio de Janeiro, Cape Town, Sydney
primate cities
Primate cities are leading cities in their country or region. They are the primary economic, political, and cultural hub and are disproportionally larger than others cities in the country or region.
Ex. London, Mexico City, Lima, Buenos Aires, Athens, Bangkok, Copenhangen
world cities
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Shock cities
Shock cities are cities that experience incredible economic, social, and cultural changes due to a variety of factors, including:
-Industrialization
- New modes of transportation
-Large scale immigration
Manchester
"Cottonopolis"
Chicago
*Lakefront
-CBD
* Chicago River & Canal
- Grain elevators
- Lumber yards
* Railroads
- Union Stock Yards
Las Vegas
-Gambling, Divorce, Marriage, Prostitution laws (1904-present; illegal at times)
- National highway system (post WWII)
- Entertainment (resorts and shows; post WWII)
-Commercial air service (1960)
- Private, legal, capital investments (like Howard Hughes in the 1960s)
-No state income tax
-A majority of people work for governments (local, state, federal).
-Las Vegas' economy depends on tertiary sector jobs (service, retail, leisure, and hospitality).
Dubai
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Lagos
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Rank-size rule
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