SAT vocab #421-490

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qualify
(as in to an argument or statement) to limit or restrict
quibble
to find fault or criticize for petty reasons; cavil
quiescent
being quiet, still, or at rest; inactive
quietude
tranquility; quiet
quixotic
idealistic without regard to practicality; caught up in the romance of noble deeds and the pursuit of unreachable goals
rampant
extending unchecked; unrestrained
rancidity
repugnant; nasty. (food that is spoiled is sometimes rancid)
recalcitrant
marked by stubborn resistance to and defiance of authority or guidance
recant
to make a formal retraction or disavowal of; statement or belief to which one has previously committed oneself; to repudiate. (Prosecutors often try to make witnesses recant their testimonies)
rectitude
moral uprightness; righteousness
redress
to set right; remedy or rectify. (People have tried to redress the effects of pollution)
reflective
contemplative; thinking about the past; introspective
refractory
obstinately resistant to authority or control; unruly. (Teachers hate refractory or loquacious students)
relinquish
give up or abandon
remunerate/remuneration
to compensate for; make payment for
renaissance
a rebirth or revival
renegade
a non-conformist; one who rejects a religion, cause, or allegiance for another; a deserter
repertory
a repertoire; a collection of works..a collection of skills (The painter expanded his repertory of with sculptors)
replicate
to duplicate, copy, reproduce, or repeat
reprehensible
blameworthy
reprobate
a morally unprincipled person; a person without moral scruples
repudiate
to reject emphatically as unfounded, untrue, or unjust
residual
remaining; lingering. (He had no residual effects from the incident)
resillent
marked by the ability to recover readily, as from misfortune
resolute
determined; unwavering. (she was resolute in her desire to swim even though she wasn't skilled)
respite
a usually short interval of rest or relief
resplendent
splendid or dazzling in appearance; brilliant. (Japanese silks are renowned for being resplendent with bright colors)
retort
to reply, especially to answer in a quick, caustic, or witty manner
revelatory
revealing something previously unknown (think of revelation)
reverberate
to resound in or as if in a succession of echoes
revitalize
to impart new life or vigor to
revolutionary
groundbreaking
ribald
characterized by or indulging in vulgar, lewd humor. (The man knew his anecdote was ribald, so he refrained from telling it at the party)
rigidity
stiffness
risqué
suggestive of or boarding on indelicacy or impropriety
rough
almost exact or correct; approximate
ruffian
a bully
ruthless
having no compassion or pity; meciless
salubrious
conductive or favorable to health or well being (Garlic has salubrious effects)
salutary
remedial; favorable to health (Taking naps and resting are known to have salutary effects)
sanguine
optimistic; cheerfully confident. (The scientists were saguine about the resilience of the animal population) (Jan was sanguine about the prospects of her new business)
savor
to enjoy something to its fullest; to relish
schism
a division or separation into factions
sedentary
characterized by much sitting; remaining or living in one area
self-effacing
not drawing attention to oneself; modest
sequester
to segregate (Judges often sequester the juries to prevent them from hearing the news. Doctors also sequester some patients to prevent diseases from spreading)
serendipity
chance, luck
serene
unaffected by disturbance; calm and unruffled
severe
unsparing or harsh in treatment of others; strict
shelve (verb)
to put aside; to put away as though on a shelf. (Sometimes people are forced to shelve their ideas for various reasons)
shrewed
someone who is smart or clever in a practical way; astute
simile
a phrase that uses like or as to compare two things that are similar
simply
merely; simply can also mean fundamentally
skeptical
marked by or given to doubt; questioning
skewer
to criticize or ridicule sharply and effectively
slanted
biased
slighting
disrespectful and disparaging (Editors often delete slighting remarks)
slip
pass (old actors pass/slip into obscurity)
snide
derogatory in a malicious, superior way; sarcastic (We are going to save the world! Yeah, right)
solicitous
attentive; full of desire; eager to help sometimes annoyingly
soporific
inducing or tending to induce sleep (Tryptophan in turkey may cause drowsiness)
spare
meager; sparse; not ornate (When an author uses no extra words, his writing is considered spare)
spate
a large number; a surge of something. (The spate of evidence from countless sources that Pluto is not a planet led to its reclassification)
specifications
the features and measurements of something
speculation/speculative
based on guessing and conjecture
spontaneous
self-generated; not predictable, creative
spurious
lacking authenticity or validity in essence or origin; not genuine; false
staple
a basic or principle element or feature
stark
bare; blunt
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