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38 terms

Asia Vocabulary

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Himalaya Mountains
mountain range that separates India from China that includes the tallest mountain in the world, Mt. Everest
Ganges River
river that flows through northern India into the Bay of Bengal and is considered sacred by Hindus
Gobi Desert
desert in Western China that is in the rain shadow of the Himalaya Mountains
orographic precipitation
rain that is caused by mountain ranges
monsoon
wind pattern that brings rain to parts of Asia
ring of fire
area around the Pacific Ocean where many tectonic plates meet causing more earthquakes and active volcanoes
cyclone
a tropical storm in Asia similar to a Hurricane and also called a typhoon
rainforest
forest that grows in a tropical wet climate zone and has broadleaf trees
steppe
dry grassland near deserts
archipelago
chain of islands such as the Japanese Islands and the Philippines
Hinduism
major religion in India that is polytheistic, believes in reincarnation and karma, and the idea that everyone as a soul called atman
Buddhism
major religion in Southeast Asia that believes in reincarnation, karma, and nirvana, founded by Siddhartha
Shintoism
ethnic religion in Japan that believes in nature spirits called kami
Confucianism
philosophy in China that developed an intricate system of ethics
Taoism
religion that developed in China that believes in balance and action through inaction
reincarnation
the idea that when a person dies their spirit will be reborn
karma
the idea that when someone does something good or bad it will come back to them
nirvana
the Buddhist concept of heaven but it is more closely associated with release from suffering or the attainment of enlightenment
atman
soul in Hinduism
caste system
system of social organization in India
brahman
people at the top of the caste system in India, also known as priests or teachers
ancestor worship
the idea that when a family member dies their spirit can help bring you good fortune in this life
command economy
an economy in which the government owns the means of production
free market economy
an economy in which the means of production are owned by the people and it operates on supply and demand
mixed economy
an economy where the government owns some major industries
megalopolis
highly urbanized areas where major cities are connected by urban sprawl
deforestation
when trees are cut down faster than they can grow back
agricultural terracing
the practice of creating flat areas in the mountains in order to farm
yurt
a tent used by nomads in Mongolia
pagoda
a building with a distinctive curved roof that is common in Asia and can be used for a shrine or religious temple
ASEAN
economic organization of countries in Southeast Asia
OPEC
economic organization that controls the price and production of oil in the world
Kashmir
region located between India and Pakistan that both countries claim
mosque
place where Muslims worship
green revolution
period in the 1950s when better types of rice were introduced into Asia
batik
a type of cloth in Indonesia
ideogram
type of writing in China
loess
wind blown dirt that is common in China