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defined as the material substances used to create an artwork


are the various branches of art making activity, like painting or video


a plan, or to plan. the organization of a work; the skilled arrangement of its parts

effective design

is one in which the elements of art and principles of design have been combined to achieve an overall sense of unity (ex: Richard Serra, Undulating Wall)


the artist manipulates ink or paint onto the surface of a smooth plate and then transfers that image onto paper by means of pressure, can only create one (ex: William Blake, Newton) pen n ink

19th century

photography began and revolutionized art (ex: Society Ladies, James VanDerZee, USA, 1927)(Part of Harlem Renaissance)

200 years ago

artists began to make art protesting the

Francisco Goya's The Execution or May 3rd, 1808

sympathize with the Spaniards

Tomatsu Shomei's photographs

Victims of the atomic bomb

Spanish Civil War

David Alfaro Siquerios protested against the

Leon Golub's Mercenaries I

particularly imposing because of its large size

Lewis Hine's photos of child laborers

have long titles, which fully documented their youthfulness

Jacob Lawrence

artistic style was flat and simple

Rent Collection Courtyard

documents a scene from Chinese History

Edward Kienholz's work

based on his experiences as a mental hospital worker

Eugene Delacroix's Liberty Leading the People

is romantic in its portrayal of fighting as thrilling, dangerous,

Kara Walker is an African American artist

who creates life-size, cutout silhouette figures based on racist imagery of the slave era in the United States.

status quo

the normal, existing state of affairs, which appears natural or inevitable instead of constructed or evolving

Affirming the Value of the oppressed

when a group of people is oppressed, their way of life tends to be discounted or ridiculed. art is an especially effective tool for affirming the lifestyles and value of downtrodden groups (ex; aborginal memorial)

Edward Kienholz

uses shock to protest the conditions of Mental Hospitals and the treatment of patients

status quo

george tooker, usa, 1956, tempera on gesso panel


means counterpose, with a human figure standing with most of its weight on one foot, more relaxed position (s curve)


may indulge viewer's curiosity, giving them permission to stare (ex: fanny, Chuck Close USA 1985


sculpts david as he first faces Goliath


tension is apparent in his frown, muscles, protruding veins
head and hands are oversized, indicating youthful potential
inner tension speaks of the core of the being, the soul
body is ennobled and emphasized, but only as a vehicle for the soul

the body as an art tool

most important tool: fingers, hands and arms, guided by their minds (jason pollock painted lucifer with motion of entire body)

gestural abstraction or action painting

using whole body to paint

cut piece yoko ono

used for performance art

social constructs

attitudes about personal attributes become political battles


can enable us to see ourselves as others see us


the viewer consumes an image without direct interaction, viewer is in a privileged position, becomes a voyeur

Guerilla girls

do women have to be naked to get into the met. museum

fashion notions

changing of masculine and feminine; perceived as too filly by some, "unmanly"

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