62 terms

English language terms

Thank you Mrs. Benefield for creating this quizlet set!
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Adjective
This is a word that modifies a noun or a pronoun.
Adverb
This is a word that modifies a verb, an adverb or an adjective.
Ambiguity
This is the state of having more than one possible meaning which often leads to misunderstanding because the meaning is not clear.
Analogy
This is a comparison based on a similarity between things that are otherwise dissimilar.
Antonym
This is a word or phrase that means the opposite of another word or phrase.
Apostrophe
This is used to show the possessive form of a noun and is used to show that a letter or letters have been left out of a contraction.
Capitalisation
This is the use of letters to indicate proper nouns, or it is used at the beginning of a sentence.
Clarify
Reading and writing both involve the mental processing of information which must be clarified and used in ways to make this information understandable.
Collective Noun
This refers to a group of people or things but usually takes a singular verb form. For example: The team is on its way to victory.
Colon
This is a punctuation mark used before a list of items or details, before a statement that summarizes the original statement, before a long, formal quotation or statement, or in a business letter after the salutation.
Comma
This is a punctuation mark that may be used to indicate a pause, connection, separation, list or for clarity or to show importance.
Common Adjective
This does not need to be capitalised and is the term given for the general description of a noun.
Comparative Adjective
This is used to state that one noun has more of something than the second noun. It is a modifier that relates one word to another.
Concise Wording
This is the author's use of brevity when writing.
Conjunction
This is a part of speech that links two words, clauses, or phrases.
Connotation
This is the emotional feelings and associations that go beyond the dictionary definition of a word.
Context
This is the framework of meaning which surrounds a specific word, sentence, idea, or passage.
Dictionary
This is a reference book containing an alphabetical list of words, with information given for each word, usually including meaning, pronunciation, and etymology.
Direct Quotation
This is the exact repetition of someone's written or spoken words.
Edit
This is to correct and/or revise a piece of writing.
Electronic Resource
This is something that can be accessed online or by computer and is used for support or to help.
Ellipsis Mark
This, three spaced periods, is used to indicate that a word or words have been deleted from a direct quote.
End Punctuation
These are marks used to indicate the end of a sentence.
Exclamation Point
This is used after a word or words that have special emphasis or feeling.
Figurative Language
This goes beyond the literal meanings of words to create special effects or feelings.
Foreign Words
These used in English are borrowed directly from other languages.
Format
This is the general plan of organization of a written work.
Glossary
This is a list found in the back of a book that gives definitions of unusual or hard words found in the text.
Grammar
This is the structure of language and the rules that go with it.
Homonym
This is a word that has multiple meanings and is spelled in the same way for both meanings.
Homophones
These are words that are pronounced the same, but have different meanings.
Idiom
This is a phrase in common use that can not be understood by literal or ordinary meanings.
Implied Meaning
This is a suggested, but not stated, definition.
Infer
This is to get a conclusion from the facts or context; to figure out what is being implied by reading between the lines.
Inference
This is reading between the lines. It is taking something that you read and putting it together with something that you already know to make sense of what you read.
Interjection
This is a word, either by itself or within the sentence, that exclaims or commands attention.
Literal Meaning
This is the ordinary, usual, or exact meaning of words, phrases, or passages. No figurative language or interpretation is involved.
Noun
This is a word that names a person, place, thing, quality or idea.
Parts Of Speech
These are the different classes into which words are commonly grouped according to their form, function or meaning; e.g. noun, adjective.
Period or Full Stop
This is an end punctuation mark that indicates the end of a sentence.
Personal Pronoun
These are words used as substitutes for proper or common words.
Phrase
This is a group of words used as a single part of speech without a subject and verb.
Precise Vocabulary
This is a writing skill which assures that students choose words that exactly and accurately describe or reflect the writer's meaning.
Preposition
This is a word that specifies the place, direction, or time of a noun in relation to another word; e.g. between, through, in.
Presentation
This is a prepared performance, report, or demonstration for an audience.
Pronoun
This is a word that takes the place of a noun.
Pronunciation
This is the way a word or language sounds when spoken.
Proofread
This is the process of making marks on a written document to correct errors.
Publish
This is to issue written work publicly.
Punctuation
This is the system of standardized marks in written language to clarify meaning.
Quotation Marks
These are used to enclose direct quotations and to designate titles of short works (like newspaper and magazine articles, poems, short stories, songs, episodes of television and radio programs, and subdivisions of books or web sites).
Quote
This is to speak or to write a passage from another source. It can also be the exact words that someone else has written or said.
Run-on Sentence
This results when independent clauses have not been joined correctly.
Source
A person, book, document, website or record that provides information.
Subject
This is always a person, place, thing, or idea, that the sentence is about.
Subject Verb Agreement
This is a rule that the subject and verb must be the same in number; e.g. "ANNIE and her brothers ARE at school."
Synonym
This is a word or phrase that has the same or almost the same meaning as another word or phrase.
Syntax
This refers to the ordering of elements in a sentence.
Thesaurus
This is a book of synonyms.
Verb
This is a word that denotes action, occurrence or existence.
Verb Tense
This indicates the time of the action or state of being.
Vocabulary
All the words in a language; the words used for a specific content or task. Synonym: lexicon.