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What is the best way for a health care professional to avoid infection
Washing between each patient and wearing gloves.
Equipment is needed to clean up a blood spill
Gloves.Bio-hazard bag. Paper toweling and 1:10 dilution of bleach.
What is ppe
So germs do not get carried from one patient to another and to protect yourself from contamination.
how should a blood tube be open to aliquot sample
The tube top should be covered and "popped" away from the phlebotomist.
some consideration used when deciding which vein
The dermal subcutaneous layer and peripheral tissue.
What reaction might occur if the patient is upset or frustrated
Sympathetic blood flow could occur and the WBC and glucose will elevate.
what purpose does a tournquiet serve
It gives the vein time to fill as it "dam" the blood between the site and tourniquet.
Why should a tournquiet be removed with 1-2min
Because if left on longer, it can cause hemoconcentration.
Why dont you want use the window method
Because if the patient "jumps", you may get stuck with the needle.
gray top used for a glucose tolerance test
Because the additive destroys the red blood cells and preserves the sugars.
Should you draw a clearing tube when collecting a coag tube
Because it clears away the tissue thromboplastin.
what does it mean if vein is patent
In the vein, a state od elasticity, free, open and void of blockages from scarring or bruising.
what is the differance between plasma and serum
When blood clots it uses up the fibringen in the plasma and becomes serum.
what is the function of white blood cells
To carry oxygen. To protect against disease, forms antibodies.
how does platelets help coag
They rush to the site of injury because "sticky" and form a temporary plug to stop bleeding.
What do specimens collected for ammonia levels and ABG's have in common?
They must be placed on ice and delivered immediately to the lab.
What occurs if the body is attacked by a foreign body?
A lymphocyte produces a specific antibody and destorys the foreign body. The person can become ill.
What do glucose, triglycerides and cholesterol have in common?
They must all be done in a fasting or basal state.
What should be put on the tube after you draw the blood?
Patients name, timeof day/date ,ID #, tech name.
What complication can result by drawing a patient in the feet or legs?
It can cause a thrombophlebitis.
How do you anchour a vein for venipucture?
With your thumb below the site and the rest of your fingers out of the way.
Of the following statements, which one is correct? When you draw with a syringe, you should fill the anticoagulant tubes last. You must wait until the SST clots completely before centrifuging. You must not mix the SST tube?
You must not mix the SST tube.
What is the rule for drawing patients that have had a mastectomy?
Never draw on the side of a mastectomy without a doctors written permission.
What do you need to be aware of when working with aging skin?
Aging skin bruises very easily. Do not use tape, as the skin will come off with tape. Usually veins are not buried in fat and muscle so they will move easily.
What must you do if a patient has a seizure while drawing his/her blood?
Remove the needle, lay him/her down, turn the head to one side and protect him/her from hurting himself.
How can you avoid causing nerve damage to a patient you are drawing blood on?
Do not probe in the arm if you miss vein.
Why should you not draw from a burn area on a patient?
The skin is very thin and sensitive, and you may cause an infection.
What type of commuication skills should you use when dealing with Children?
Calm voice talking to them at thier level and patience. Let them participate as appropriate.
Why should a heel stick not be done after about six months of age?
Because the child is begining to stand and the heel begins to become colloused.
Why should you never puncture the posterior curvature of the heel when doing skin puncture?
Because the bone is very near the periphery and you risk giving the baby Ostemyletis.
It is nesscesary to puncture rhe _______ layer in order to have an adaquate blood flow.
The ________ veins and arteries do not follow the normal blood composition of typical artieres and veins.
Microscopic in size, allowing only one cell to pass through at a time is a description of?
What part of the brain is responsible for regulating the cardiac rate?
The medulla oblongata in the brain stem.
To what health care professionals attribute the rise of tuberculosis today?
Poorer care of the general pubic.
Some common errors that lead to health care professionions becoming involved in legal action are.....
Injury to a patient. Misidentification of a patient. Transmitting a disease to a patient. All of these.
A code of moral principles derived from a system of beliefs and values id the definition of?
Improper or unskilled care of a patient by a member of the health care team, unprofessional conduct or unreasonable lack of skill, is the definition of.....
How can a patient give his conscent for a procedure by a health care professional?
Written, orally and non-verbally. All of these.
Negligence is __________.
Failure to act or proform duties in accordance with the standard of the profession.
What group is responsible for setting the "standard of care" for Phlebotomy.
National Committee for clinical laboratory.
A patients consents to a procedure because he believes that ______________.
The health care professional has the knowledge, skill, and ability to perform the procedure.
Drawing a patient without his/her conscent can result in a lawsuit claiming _____________.
Assault and battery.
what is basal state
The state at which the body has bee at complete rest and has not eaten for 12 hours.
How should you identify the patient?
As her/him, "What is your name?" and ask for some other information to verify it.
If a patient were to become combative, under what conditions should you draw the specimen?
When there is someone available to help.
If you stick the patient and no blood comes into the tube, what should you do?
Try readjusting the needle.
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