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APUSH Chapter 2: The English "Transplantations" and Borderlands Words and Terms
Terms in this set (43)
first permenant English colony, only 104 men survived the trip, Established north of the Chesepeake Bay
John Rolfe discovered that Jamestown was perfect for Tobacco, since Tobacco destroyed the land people began to expand outword and encroach on Indian land
a Puritan who was banished because of her beliefs and had influence in the founding of new Hampshire
in 1676, Bacon, a young planter led a rebellion against people who were friendly to the Indians. In the process he torched Jamestown, Virginia and was murdered by Indians
Dominion of New England
1686 - The British government combined the colonies of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, and Connecticut into a single province headed by a royal governor (Andros)
George and Cecilius Calvert
English Catholics who carried out the project of colonization in Maryland, a safe haven for Catholics
1688 - the English revolted against their king and the Puritans took advantage and did what they wanted, disobeying the English government
the system by which whoever paid for the passage of a laborer acquired 50 acres of land
led an uprising in New York in the name of King William IV against the Anglo-Dutch ruling elite
English leader who founded the colony of Georgia in 1733 as a place where debtors from England could begin new lives and as a buffer zone between the English and the Spanish
introduced work ethic to Jamestown colony, sanitation, diplomat to local Native American tribes
leader of the Massachusetts Bay Colony who led Puritan colonists to Massachusetts to establish an ideal Christian community; he later became the colony's first governor
King Philip's War
a series of battles in New Hampshire between the colonists and the Wompanowogs, led by a chief known as King Philip
Massachusetts Bay Company
a group of wealthy Puritans who were granted a royal charter in 1629 to settle in Massachusetts Bay
the first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony
chief of Wampanoags, called King Phillip by settlers. 1675 struck back at Chesapeake for massacring 3 tribes. Indians destroyed 13 settlements and 1/2 of 6. 1676 - Indians roamed freely until another attack by settlers leaving hatred between them.
area of the French and Indian cooperation West of Niagra and south of the Great Lakes; over which no one exercised sovereign power
laws that required among other things that all goods to and from the colonies be transported on British ships passed in 1651
Bay colonists wanted to claim Connecticut for themselves but it belonged to the Pequot. The colonists burned down their village and 400 were killed
The illegal emigration from England to New England on the Mayflower. Plantation located on Cape Cod.
Indian chief and founder of the Powhatan confederacy of tribes in eastern Virginia
a group of religious pacifists who were persecuted in Europe. William Penn established Pennsylvania as a safe haven
banished from Massachusetts. Established the colony of Rhode Island
Sir William Berkeley
a governor of Virginia - Bacon's rebellion was in response to the governor's friendly policies with Indians
a system of government in which priests rule in the name of God
Virginia House of Burgesses
established in 1619 by Jamestown. Was Americas first elected legislature.
a Pilgrim, the second governor of the Plymouth colony, plymouth plantation
a Quaker that founded Pennsylvania to establish a safe haven
1689 law passed by Parliament granting some religious freedoms to dissenting Protestants who had broken away from the Anglican Church. However, this prohibited them from holding public office.
the Christian Indians of New England;
Native Americans among the Algonquians who were converted to Christianity.
a 17th-century Dutch colonial settlement that served as the capital of New Netherland. It later became the city now known as New York City.
(1509-1564) French theologian that developed the Christian theology known as Calvinism. Attracted Protestant followers with his teachings.
area surrounding the Chesapeake bay, includes Maryland and Virginia.
colonized by the Spanish once they realized that other Europeans were beginning to establish a presence.
Fundamental Constitution for Carolina
complex plan for Carolinas for organizing the new colony; hoped to create a model aristocratic society but they overdid it, which later proposed a government that was too complex for a colony.
one of the most important destinations for English immigrants; established due to the overpopulation of the English. This region had close ties to English North America, yet sometimes imperiled by, outposts of the Spanish Empire.
Pennsylvania (founding of)
William Penn received rights from Charles II to a huge tract of land in America. He named it Pennsylvania which literally means Penn's woods. This colony was founded by Quakers.
a religious group who wanted to purify the Church of England. They came to America for religious freedom and settled at Massachusetts Bay.
a cash-crop that transformed islands such as the Barbados to slave-based plantations.
Barbados Slave Trade
the harsh system of Barbados laws governing African labor officially adopted by South Carolina in 1696. No rights to slaves, masters have complete control. One of the English islands that were key to the sugar trade.
Agricultural Technological Exchange
the Indians provided the settlers with crops and food, whereas the settlers provided the Indians with technology and tools.
a church grown out of the Puritan church, was established in all New England colonies but Rhode Island. It was based on the belief that individual churches should govern themselves.
a tribe whose chief, Metacomet, known to the colonies as King Phillip, united many tribes in southern New England against the English settlers.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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