College and Career Preparation: College Knowledge
Terms in this set (65)
Both a two-year college and a four-year college will prepare you for:
A successful career in the field of your choice.
A two-year college is commonly known as:
A community college or a junior college.
Two-year colleges offer a variety of educational programs that can lead to earning an:
Associate's degree or a certificate.
Tuition and fees at community colleges are often:
Less than half of what you might pay to attend a public university, and about one-tenth of the tuition and fees at a private university.
Two-year colleges offer programs for high school graduates who:
Struggled in school and are not ready for college-level coursework.
Community colleges have an open admissions policy, which means:
They accept all students regardless of past academic performance. This is beneficial for students who need to improve their GPA in order to be accepted into a four-year college.
Some high school graduates who want to enter the workforce sooner attend a community college to:
Earn a certificate in a specialized field of study (such as computer programming) or an associate's degree in a broader field (such as business administration).
A four-year college is:
A general term for a university or a liberal arts college.
Universities provide undergraduate programs that lead to a bachelor's degree and graduate programs that lead to higher degrees such as:
A master's degree or a doctorate.
A liberal arts college emphasizes:
Interactive instruction, allowing students to learn by doing rather than by just researching.
Four-year colleges offer many:
Social opportunities and a varied selection of extracurricular activities.
Four-year colleges offer a wide range of:
Sports that attract top athletes. Because college sports greatly contribute to school spirit, the athletic programs are well-funded.
Many students must work while in college, and four-year college campuses provide:
Plenty of job opportunities. Some students opt for a work-study program as part of their financial aid package.
Because many four-year colleges have some of the best:
Research and teaching facilities, they often attract distinguished scholars as professors, and therefore may offer an excellent overall academic experience.
Two-year colleges allow for much more:
Scheduling flexibility than four-year colleges. Most community colleges offer evening and weekend classes, so you can take care of work and family obligations and still attend school. Four-year colleges typically do not offer such course schedules.
Two-year colleges are a great way to:
Explore college majors and careers.
Two-year colleges are:
Four-year colleges offer:
On-campus housing. Going away to college and living in a residence hall , or dorm, is a great way for students to gain their first taste of independence.
Four-year colleges have a:
Competitive admission policy.
Four-year colleges provide:
For those who want to enter into a skilled trade:
Vocational school is a great option.
Vocational schools are also known as:
Trade or career schools.
A vocational education prepares trainees for:
Jobs that are manual or practical activities.
Examples of career fields you can train for at a vocational school include:
The learning atmosphere at a vocational school is:
Intensive and practical. Most projects and assignments simulate the workplace environment.
Instructors at vocational schools have:
Expert training in the particular field in which they teach.
The courses can vary in length, but the programs usually take:
One to two years to complete.
Vocational schools train you to do a:
Specific job, so applying your knowledge to your job probably won't be difficult.
Four-year colleges educate you about:
Professional fields, but they offer very little training.
Vocational programs can cost:
Significantly less than diploma or degree programs offered through a college.
Vocational schools are convenient for students who have:
Work or family obligations.
Students at a four-year college graduate with either a:
Bachelor of Arts or a Bachelor of Science.
It takes on average:
Four years of full-time study to earn a bachelor's degree.
The number of credit hours needed varies from:
120 to 126, depending on the requirements of the school and the field of study a student chooses.
The number of credit hours to complete the general education (GE) requirement is unique to each school, but the average is:
36. Each course is worth about 3 credit hours, which means you need to pass about 12 courses.
However, typically students are expected to complete courses in five areas:
Literacy — two courses in English
Mathematics — one math course
Humanities, fine arts, and social and behavioral sciences — five courses in areas such as history, sociology, art, psychology, or public speaking
Natural sciences — two courses in anthropology, biology, chemistry, geology, or another natural science
World languages — two courses in a foreign language
The typical number of credit hours for major requirement is:
66, or 22 courses.
It takes approximately two years of full-time study to complete an:
Associate of Arts:
This degree prepares students who wish to earn a Bachelor of Arts at a four-year college. The focus is on liberal arts and sciences.
Associate of Science:
This degree prepares students who wish to earn a Bachelor of Science at a four-year college. The focus is on mathematics, natural sciences, engineering, health sciences, or technology.
Associate of Fine Arts:
This degree focuses on music, theater, art, dance, and creative writing. Credits are transferable, but not all general education requirements are fulfilled with this degree.
Associate of Arts in Teaching:
Students who transfer to a four-year college receive full credit for their approved lower-level education courses.
Associate of Applied Science:
This degree requires fewer general education courses so students can focus on taking more courses in their program area.
Associate of Industrial Technology:
This degree is awarded to students who wish to enter into career fields such as electronics, radio and television broadcasting, engineering, and computers. Students with this degree can continue on to a four-year college.
Associate of Business Administration:
This degree focuses on functions of business. Although this degree is terminal, credits can be transferred to a four-year college.
Taking a certification program is:
A quick way to learn a new skill in a career you already have or to train for a job you hope to have.
Interviews usually take place between applicants and representatives of:
Class rank helps admissions offices to know how students:
Compare with their classmates.
College entrance requirements are the ____ expectations for admission.
Which of the following is an example of a standardized test?
Most selective schools require _____ years of English.
A personal statement should be submitted:
With your college admission application.
It is recommended that a letter of recommendation for college admission come from:
A teacher who has seen you improve.
The degree received after completing a two-year program.
The degree received after completing a four-year program. It is also known as an undergraduate degree or a baccalaureate.
A credential awarded by a college or university to recognize the completion of a curriculum that does not lead to a degree or diploma.
A two-year school with programs for associate's degrees.
Admission for which applications are reviewed based on academic performance, completion of rigorous coursework, and extracurricular activities. Those accepted either meet thresholds for these criteria or stand out from fellow applicants in one or more of these criteria. Competitive admission is usually used by four-year colleges.
An institution of higher learning that grants bachelor's degrees and sometimes master's degrees and doctorates. Four-year colleges typically offer a larger array of programs and have more campus activities than two-year colleges, as well as offering opportunities to live on campus. They typically cost more than two-year colleges. They are also known as colleges or universities.
General Education (GE) Requirement:
A course in subjects that a college student is required to take in the first two years in order to earn a bachelor's degree. Colleges require a number of these courses to ensure that a student has a well-rounded education.
Liberal Arts College:
A four-year college focused on broad student learning in writing and thinking, with faculty devoted to teaching. Liberal arts colleges usually have smaller enrollments (500 - 2,500).
Students who attend a four-year college and some two-year colleges can live with fellow students in a residence hall owned and run by the college. A residence hall often has cafeterias, activities, and sometimes even exercise facilities.
A regional higher education institution offering certificates and two-year degrees for professional subjects. Two-year colleges usually cost less than four-year colleges, are open enrollment schools that don't consider past grades for admission, and specialize in serving live-at-home students and part-time students. They are also known as community colleges or junior colleges.
A four-year college that offers bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees.
Also known as a trade school. A vocational school is operated for the express purpose of giving its students the skills needed to perform a certain job. Students can often earn certificates or licenses in less than two years.