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19 terms

health exam

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nutrient-dense
high in nutrients relative to calories provided
obesity
excess body fat or adipose tissue
overweight
weighing more than 10% over the standard weight for height
body mass index
the ratio of weight to height
undernutrition
not consuming enough essential nutrients
bulimia nervosa
a disorder in which cycles of overeating are followed by some form of purging and clearing of the digestive tract
weight cycling
the cycling of losing, regaining, losing, and regaining
anorexia nervosa
a disorder in which the irrational fear of becoming obese results in severe weight loss from self-induced starvation
rehydration
restoring lost body fluids
megadoses
very large amounts of nutrient supplements
nutrient supplements
pills, powers, liquids and other synthetic forms of nutrients
vegans
vegetarians who eat only foods of plant origin
carbohydrate loading
storing extra glycogen in the muscle for athletic activity
dehydration
the loss of excess body fluids
food allergy
condition in which the body's immune system overreacts to food substances
pasteurized
treated by a process of heating to destroy or slow the growth of pathogens
cross-contamination
the spreading of bacteria in food
perishable
liable to spoil
foodborne illness
food poisoning