What was the percent that immigration dropped because of the Great Depression?
The Great Depression
1932-1935 More people left the country then came Businesses folded Banks closed People lost jobs and homes People left US
What did WWII shut down?
1940 Alien Act
Congress passed Required all resident aliens to register with government
Japan Attacked Pearl Harbor
US joined war against Germany, Italy and Japan
Held prison in 10 camps in the middle of the US
Chinese Americans benefited from war
Won new respect
What did the US do as a gesture of appreciation towards the Chinese?
They repealed Exclusion Act of 1943, allowing Chinese to become citizens
WWII pulled out of economic depression
Negative attitudes changed (relaxed)
Displaced Persons Act of 1948
205,000 World War II refugees to enter US over 2 years
Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952
No racial restrictions for entering or exiting country which caused a domino effect Stopped spread of communism in Eastern Europe Gave more leeway with deporting people Allowed relatives to be "non quota"
Civil Rights Movement
Through 1960s Made US more aware of racism Showed it wasn't okay
Congress eliminated Nation Origin system
Tied admission to family, skills and refugee status Immigration Act allowed to bring family
Immigration Act 1965
Eliminated national origin system
What did the Immigration Act 1965 look at?
Family members here? Skills the US needs? Can you get refugee status?
One family member came at a time Relatives brought relatives to US Capped at 290,000
How was the quota based?
Based on hemisphere, No immigration for Asia or Europe
1978 Worldwide Quota
Freer acceptance of people from all parts of the world
Result of Vietnam War
Exceptions to quotas
Refugee Act of 1980
Removed refugees from the preference categories and established clear procedures for admission
Cubans and Haitians came to US through FL
Cubans welcomed Haitians turned away "White" and "Black"