63 terms

Diversity and Classification of Flowering Plants (non-Commelinid Monocots)

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Non-commelinid Monocots
Acorales
Alismatales
Dioscoreales
Pandanales
Liliales
Acoraceae
Sweet flag family
1 genus/2-3 species
meaning of "Acorus"
without pupil. Why?
Acorus habit
marsh plants. Imagine it
Acorus flower
spadix and spathe (resembling Araceae)
Acorus leaf
distichous
ensiform
unifacial/isobilateral (mirror)
Acorus seeds
perispermous
endospermous
Acorus unique character
ethereal oil cells
absence of raphides
P 3+3 A 3+3 G (2-3) superior, hypanthium absent
Acorus
Acorus example
Acorus calamus
Acorus economic importance
Medicinal (calamus oil)
religious rituals
insecticide
perfume
flavoring plant (in liquers)
Alismatales families
Alismataceae
Araceae
Hydrocharitaceae
Hydrocharitaceae examples
Hydrilla
Thallasia - sea grasses
Hydrocharitaceae class
Alismatales
Alismataceae description
Water-Plantain family
Alisma- name used by dioscorides for plantain-leaved aquatic plant
15 genera/ 88 species
Alismataceae class
Alismatales
Alismataceae habit
aquatic or marsh herbs
Alismataceae flowers
solitary or often whorled
Alismataceae perianth
dichlamydeous
Alismataceae gynoecium fusion
apocarpous
Alismataceae placentation
basal
Alismataceae fruit
aggregate of achenes or follicles
Alismataceae economic importance
food
aquatic cultivated ornamentals
K3 C3 A6,9-inf [3] G3-inf, superior
Alismataceae
Alismataceae examples
Sagittaria montevidensis
Echinodorus berteroi
Araceae general info
Arum family
Arum - a name used by Theophrastus
111 genera/ 2980 species
worldwide distribution
Araceae leaves
bifacial = dorsiventral
Araceae venation
parallel or netted
Araceae flower
inflorescence a spadix of numerous, small flowers with a subtending spathe
Araceae seeds
endospermous
Araceae unique characteristic
raphide crystal present
P2+2,3+3,(2+2),(3+3) or 0 [4+4,(4+4)] A 4,6,8 or (4,6,8) [1-12] G (3) [1-(inf)] superior
Araceae
Araceae class
Alismatales
Araceae econ importance
food sources (rootstocks, leaves, or fruits)
cultivated ornamentals
plant with largest inflorescences of any flowering plant
Amorphophallus titanum
Plant with smallest flowers
Wolffia spp.
Araceae examples
Aglaonema modestum
Amorphophallus titanum
Ariasaema triphyllum - Jack-in-the-pulpit
Lemna minuscula - Duckweed
Wollfia sp. - Watermeal
Pistia stratiotes - Water-lettuce
Monstera deliciosa
Pothos sp.
Symplocarpus foetidus - Skunkweed
Xanthosoma sagittifolium
Zantedeschia aethiopica - Calla-lily
Dieffenbachia - Dumb cane
Spathiphyllum cochlearispathum
Dioscoreaceae class
Dioscoreales
Dioscoreaceae plant sex
Hermaphroditic or Dioecious
Dioscoreaceae stem
Rhizomatous or tuberous
Dioscoreaceae leaves
Simple to palmate
Dioscoreaceae venation
Netted
Dioscoreaceae perianth/androecial position
Epigynous
Dioscoreaceae examples
Dioscorea alata - ube
Dioscorea esculenta - tugi
Dioscoreaceae economic importance
Steroidal saponins- pharma source of corticosteroids
Diosgenin - used in production of contraceptions
Dioscoreaceae ovary position
inferior
Pandanaceae class
Pandanales
Pandanaceae plant sex
Dioecious
Pandanaceae stem
Sympodial branched woody
Pandanaceae roots
with prop roots
Pandanaceae leaves
3-4 ranked
simple, acrocaulis, linear to ensiform leaves (appearing spiral)
Pandanaceae flower sex
unisexual
Pandanaceae fruit
berry or drupe
Pandanaceae example
Pandanus amaryllidifolius - pandang mabango
Liliaceae family
Liliales
Liliaceae general info
Lily familly
Lilium - a name used in Virgil's writings
ca. 16 genera/ ca. 600 species
Liliaceae plant habit
perennial, usually bulbous herbs
Liliaceae unique characteristic
lacks an onion-like odor
Liliaceae leaf
basal or cauline
Liliaceae flower
inflorescence a raceme, umbel or of solitary flowers
Liliaceae ovary position
superior
P3+3 A3 G(3), superior
Liliaceae
Liliaceae examples
Lilium
Tulipa
Lilium philippinense - Benguet lily