Biology -Chapter 1- Introduction to Biology

Terms taken from the course given at University of Nebraska.
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Biology
Characteristic life processes and phenomena of living organisms.
Organism
A system considered analogous in structure or function to a living body.
Organization
The high degree of order within an organism's internal and external parts and in its interactions with the living world.
Growth
The process of an individual organism growing organically.
Development
A process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage.
Reproduction
Production of offspring by an organism; a characteristic of all living things.
Species
A group whose members possess similar anatomical characteristics and have the ability to interbreed.
Stimulis
A signal to which an organism responds.
Response
A bodily process occurring due to the effect of some foregoing stimulus or agent.
Homeostasis
Regulation of an organisms internal conditions to maintain life.
Adaptation
Any inherited characteristic that results in changes to a species overtime.
Science
An organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural world.
Theory
A well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world.
Peer Review
Evaluating professionally a colleague's work.
Metric System
A decimal system of weights and measures based on the meter and the kilogram .
Forensics
The application of science to questions that are of interest to the legal profession.
Ethics
The philosophical study of moral values and rules.
Observation
The act of noticing or paying attention.
Inferences
The reasoning involved in drawing a conclusion or making a logical judgment on the basis of circumstantial evidence and prior conclusions rather than on the basis of direct observation.
Scientific Methods
A series of steps followed to solve problems, including collecting data, formulating a hypothesis, testing the hypothesis, and stating conclusions.
Hypothesis
A tentative theory about the natural world.
Serendipidtiy
The occurrence of accidental of unexpected but fortunate results.
Experiment
The act of conducting a controlled test or investigation.
Control Group
In an experiment, the group that is not exposed to the treatment; contrasts with the experimental group and serves as a comparison for evaluating the effect of the treatment.
Experimental Group
A subject or group of subjects in an experiment that is exposed to the factor or condition being tested.
Independent Variable
A variable whose values are independent of changes in the values of other variables.
Dependent Variable
A variable in a logical or mathematical expression whose value depends in the independent variable.
Constant
Persistent in occurrence and unvarying in nature.
Data
A collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn.
Safety Symbol
A logo designed to alert you of a specific danger.