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time, place, and conditions in which the action of a story occurs

Point of View

the perspective from which a story is told in

1st person

speaks from their own perspective using words such as, "I, We, Us, Me, etc."

2nd person

refers to the use of "you" in a story

3rd person objective

the narrator gives observation details but does NOT have access to the thoughts or feelings of characters or backgrounds into previous experiences or situations

3rd person Limited

narrative voice knows what is going on in the minds of only few select character

3rd person Omniscient

all knowing perspective. into about backgrounds, characters' thoughts and feelings

major character

a character that is most important to the plot of a story and most frequently mentioned

Minor character

a character that is least important to the plot of a story and less frequently mentioned

Flat Character

a character that only shows one major personality trait (stereotypical, Mrs. Danvers)

Round Character

a character that shows more than one personality trait (Rebecca, Maxim, Mrs. De Winter)

Dynamic Character

a character that changes over the course of a piece of literature

Static Character-

a character that stays the same throughout a piece of literature


the main character in a piece of literature


any character or force that causes conflict within a story

indirect character

most used- when character traits are reviled in a series of hints and clues that a reader must interrupt

Direct Character

Info about a character is reveled through a 3rd person point of view narrator


a literary element that provided humor because of a contradiction between appearance and reality or when there is difference in point of view between a reader and a character

verbal irony

spoken words only. Occurs when a character says one thing but means another

Dramatic Irony

when the audience knows something that a character does not

situational irony

when the opposite of what is expected to happen happens


when an object or an image represent an abstract idea

literary symbolism

symbolism particular to a literature or a specific piece of literature; anything that represents an idea bigger than itself

practical symbolism

conventional symbols that generally mean the same thing to all people/readers


the underlying meaning of a story telling an important truth about society and human nature.

implicit theme

an implied theme that is never stated

explicit theme

actually stated in the text


the feeling that is set from the setting


the beginning of the story, describing the character and setting

rising action

all of the action which follows the climax


the conclusion, the tying together of all the threads


a struggle between 2 forces


the literary element that describes the structure of a story, it shows the arrangement of events and actions within a story


literary device that allows the author to interrupt the action to describe a scene from the past

Internal Conflict

Man vs. Self

External Conflict

Man vs. Man, Man vs. Nature, Man vs. Society, Man vs. Supernatural

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