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36 terms

English Midterms Summer Reading Definitions

STUDY
PLAY
setting
time, place, and conditions in which the action of a story occurs
Point of View
the perspective from which a story is told in
1st person
speaks from their own perspective using words such as, "I, We, Us, Me, etc."
2nd person
refers to the use of "you" in a story
3rd person objective
the narrator gives observation details but does NOT have access to the thoughts or feelings of characters or backgrounds into previous experiences or situations
3rd person Limited
narrative voice knows what is going on in the minds of only few select character
3rd person Omniscient
all knowing perspective. into about backgrounds, characters' thoughts and feelings
major character
a character that is most important to the plot of a story and most frequently mentioned
Minor character
a character that is least important to the plot of a story and less frequently mentioned
Flat Character
a character that only shows one major personality trait (stereotypical, Mrs. Danvers)
Round Character
a character that shows more than one personality trait (Rebecca, Maxim, Mrs. De Winter)
Dynamic Character
a character that changes over the course of a piece of literature
Static Character-
a character that stays the same throughout a piece of literature
Protagonist
the main character in a piece of literature
Agonist
any character or force that causes conflict within a story
indirect character
most used- when character traits are reviled in a series of hints and clues that a reader must interrupt
Direct Character
Info about a character is reveled through a 3rd person point of view narrator
irony
a literary element that provided humor because of a contradiction between appearance and reality or when there is difference in point of view between a reader and a character
verbal irony
spoken words only. Occurs when a character says one thing but means another
Dramatic Irony
when the audience knows something that a character does not
situational irony
when the opposite of what is expected to happen happens
symbolism
when an object or an image represent an abstract idea
literary symbolism
symbolism particular to a literature or a specific piece of literature; anything that represents an idea bigger than itself
practical symbolism
conventional symbols that generally mean the same thing to all people/readers
theme
the underlying meaning of a story telling an important truth about society and human nature.
implicit theme
an implied theme that is never stated
explicit theme
actually stated in the text
mood
the feeling that is set from the setting
exposition
the beginning of the story, describing the character and setting
rising action
all of the action which follows the climax
resolution
the conclusion, the tying together of all the threads
conflict
a struggle between 2 forces
plot
the literary element that describes the structure of a story, it shows the arrangement of events and actions within a story
flashback
literary device that allows the author to interrupt the action to describe a scene from the past
Internal Conflict
Man vs. Self
External Conflict
Man vs. Man, Man vs. Nature, Man vs. Society, Man vs. Supernatural