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TEST 3 LAMAR
Terms in this set (55)
Foundations of the Welfare State contributory program
SS ACT_ contributory- financed in whole or part by mandatory taxes (i.e. ss, medicare)
Foundations of the Welfare State non-contributory program
SS ACT_ non-contributory-need based (medicaid)
Social policy benefits to elderly
medicare and social security
Social policy benefits to middle class
The middle class benefits from this shadow welfare state. We get money through earned income tax credit
Earned Income Tax Credit- must be working, "shadow welfare state"
shadow welfare state includes health insurance. not coming from gov, but it is a benefit.
poverty in the United States
didn't really exist before the great depression
private charities and the salvation army cared for the poor
deserving poor- people who deserve money, temporary, fallen on hard luck, not bums
Social Security Act of 1935-firt legislation wherein the Congress or national gov saw it had a role in promoting economic security for all americans.
equality of opportunity
A widely shared American ideal that all people should have the freedom to use whatever talents and wealth they have to reach their fullest potential
Goals of foreign policy security, prosperity, and humanitarian
Creation of a better world
Roles of the president in FP
President and his advisors make FP
Roles of the Congress in FP
Dept of Defense- takes care of foreign threats. unifies all the military departments into one establishment. Sec of Defense is on top
joint chiefs of staff- heads
State Dept uses diplomacy to take care of external affairs.
John Kerry- Sec of State- face of America
Roles of the bureaucracy in foreign policy
1. public welfare
2. promote national security
3. promote a strong economy
Instruments of Modern American foreign policy diplomacy , monetary, and economic measure
Diplomacy, the United Nations, International Monetary Structure, Economic Aid, Collective Security, Military Deterrence
An international organization formed after WWII to promote international peace, security, and cooperation.
An effort to preserve the status quo through the threat of force
A policy adopted by the Bush administration in 2001 that asserts America's right to attack any nation that has weapons of mass destruction that might be used against U.S. interests at home or abroad.
A trade agreement between Canada, the United States and Mexico that encourages free trade between these North American countries.
Federal Reserve Board
Federal Reserve System
-System of 12, I repeat 12 banks.
-facilitates cash exchange, checks, and credit
-regulates member banks within the system
-has authority over interest rates and lending activities
Powers of the President
Powers of the presidency!
inherent- powers claimed by the president that are not expressed in the constitution ex. keep peace in times of war
1. military power- commander in chief
2. judicial power- they can grant reprieves and pardons
3. diplomatic- executive agreements (senate can override) , treaties but senate must approve, can recognize nations or not, receive ambassadors and representatives from other countries.
4. Executive power- all laws are faithfully executed. power to appoint judges and justices and executive offices.
5. Executive privileges- conversation between prez and close advisors should not be revealed without prez consent
6. Legislative Powers
veto and pocket veto
NSC: prez, VP Sec of State, Sec of Defense
Food and Drug Administration- regulatory agency -FDA
regulatory agency- impose limits and restrictions on individuals and corporations
A government agency that operates like a business corporation, created to secure greater freedom of action and flexibility for a particular program.
conversation between prez and close advisors should not be revealed without prez consent
White House Staff
analysts and advisors to prez, not limited to just foreign policy
A formal document charging a public official with misconduct in office
A system of public employment in which selection and promotion depend on demonstrated performance rather than political patronage.
A president can only have 2 terms in office
old people/ disabled
adjusts for costs of living
No Child Left Behind
Set a standard that students had to meet for exams. No money given to states to implement. Unfunded mandate. States have greater roles in education policy.
International Monetary Fund//a United Nations agency to promote trade by increasing the exchange stability of the major currencies
controlling global warming by setting greenhouse gas emissions targets for developed countries
gross domestic product (GDP)
The sum total of the value of all the goods and services produced in a nation
independent regulatory agencies
Federal regulatory agencies that are independent, thus not fully under the power of the president. Ex. Federal Trade Commission, Securities and Exchange Commission.
Agreements with other nations signed by the president of the United States but less formal (and hence potentially less binding) than a treaty because it does not require Senate confirmation.
group of officials who head government departments and advise the president
A formal decision to reject the bill passed by Congress.
a president's authority to release or excuse a person from the legal penalties of a crime
Powers claimed by a president that are not expressed in the Constitution but are inferred from it.
a 1967 ammendment to the consitution that est procedures for filling presidential an vice-presidential vacanciesand makes provisions for presidential disablility
A federal and state assistance program that pays for health care services for people who cannot afford them. poor people, low income
goods and services provided for free or at greatly reduced prices
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.
nation state is a country! opposite of non state actors. giving authority to one gov. like US
Generla Agreement on Tariffs and Trade- A United Nations agency created by a multinational treaty to promote trade by the reduction of tariffs and import quotas
..., North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
A bill fails to become law because the president did not sign it within ten days before Congress adjourns
Formal orders issued by the president to direct action by the federal bureaucracy.
civil service system
the practice of hiring goverment workers on basis of open competitve examinations and merit
A system of public employment based on rewarding party loyalists and friends.
US v. Nixon
Idea of executive privilege was first tested here. This case recognized executive privilege but said it didnt apply.
Youngstown S&T v. Sawyer
SC says Trumann is out of line by seizing steel mills. must provide constituional reason for EO. LIMIT of EO
San Antonio v. Rodriguez
using property tax to fund public schools was not a violation of 14th amendment guarantee of equal protection, education not a fundamental right
Korematsu v. US
1944 Supreme Court case where the Supreme Court upheld the order providing for the relocation of Japanese Americans.
Hirabayshi v. US
upheld curfews for Japanese descendents
Edgewood v. Kirby
School reform, SC rules legislature must come up with a new finance plan for schools. Resulted in "robin hood" plan which related equitable funding for schools for the poor
National Federation of Ind. Business v. Sebellious
- challenged Obamacare law in that you have to pay for health insurance or pay a tax ==> SC says this is constitutional because of power to tax
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