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24 terms

Campbell Final - Literary Terms

STUDY
PLAY
Tone
The attitude of the narrator toward a subject. Ex: negative tone towards a certain topic, like you can tell from the writing the narrator feels __(attitude)__ towards __(subject)
Anaphora
The deliberate repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of several successive verses, clauses, or paragraphs; for example, "We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills"
Onomatopoeia
Use of a word whose sound imitates or suggests its meaning.
Alliteration
The repetition of an initial consonant sound, as in "a peck of pickled peppers"
Static character
A character that does not change much in the course of a story.
Dynamic character
A character that changes in some important way as a result of the story's action.
Round character
Characters who are complex and have many different traits.
Flat character
Characters who have only one or two personality traits and can usually be summed in one sentence.
Direct characterization
The story's narrator (not a character in the book) makes statements about a character's personality.
Indirect characterization
A character's personality as revealed through his words, actions, thoughts, appearance, and what others say about the character.
Point-of-view
Refers to the narrator - the person telling the story. 1st person = Jane Eyre and BMU are both 1st person. , 3rd person = the narrator limited info about characters, 3rd person omniscient = the narrator knows everything.
Hyperbole
An exaggeration or an overstatement. "I am going to spend 100 hours studying for finals".
Simile
The comparison of two unlike things in which a word of comparison (like, as etc.) is used - she eats like a bird.
Personification
A literary device in which human characteristics are given to an object, animal, or idea. A type of metaphor . The clouds jumped cause they were scared.
Metaphor
The comparing of two unlike things in which no words of comparison (like or as) are used: That kid is a squirrel.
Oxymoron
A rhetorical device in which two seemingly contradictory words are used together for effect: "She is just a poor little rich girl."Or "bittersweet". She is a stupid genius.
Allusion
A reference to a statement, a person, a place, an event, or a thing that is known from literature, history, religion, etc.
Sarcasm
verbal irony basically: A form of irony in which apparent praise conceals another, scornful meaning. For example, a sarcastic remark directed at a person who consistently arrives fifteen minutes late for appointments might be, "Oh, you've arrived exactly on time!"
Irony
Verbal - A speaker says one thing but means the opposite ("it is a sunny day" - there is actually snow and a blizzard outside) , Dramatic - the reader or the audience knows something important that a character does not know (the reader knows a monster is behind the door, the character does not) , Situational - what actually happens is the opposite of what is expected (an idiot becomes a doctor)
Foreshadowing
The use of clues to hint at events that occur later in the plot, often used to create suspense.
Diction
The author's choice of words based on their correctness, clearness, or effectiveness.
Syntax
The study of the rules whereby words or other elements of sentence structure are combined to form grammatical sentences. Like the syntax in this sentence (using the word "like") shows that it is a simile.
Symbolism
Person, place, thing or event that stands both for itself and for something beyond itself.
Motivation
The fears/conflicts that drive a character.