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a+ cert chapters 11-13 study guide

trouble shooting class study guide
STUDY
PLAY
A circle where data is stored on a drive is called a
track
Which interface requires a ribbon cable and a built-in controller on the drive itself?
ATA
How many drives can be supported with ATA-2 (sometimes called EIDE)?
four
What type of connector do modern PATA drives use for power?
molex
Which interface enables non-hard drive devices to connect to the PC via the ATA controllers?
ATAPI
How many wires does the SATA interface have?
seven
How many pins does an EIDE (ATA) drive have?
80
Which drive type does not require jumper settings?
AT
The drive technology that supports only a single device per controller channel is known as
SATA
What is a series of SCSI devices working together through a host adapter called?
SCSI chain
If a SCSI device is at the end of a chain, what must be done to the chain?
self-terminated
What's the minimum number of drives needed for RAID 5?
three
What type of memory do laptops, memory cards, USB thumb drives, and hand-held devices often use?
flash ROM
What is the process of spreading data across multiple drives called?
disk striping
What is disk mirroring also known as?
RAID 1
How many devices are supported per SATA controller channel?
one
What tool in Windows is used to configure and manage hard drives and RAID levels?
disk management
What takes control of the boot process from the system BIOS?
MBR
How many partitions can be active at any given point in time?
one
Basic hard drive partition tables support up to how many partitions?
four
Which sector stores the location of the operating system boot files?
volume boot sector
Which partition is the operating system is stored in?
primary
What is the default primary partition for Windows?
C:
If a PC can boot to both Windows XP and Linux or Windows Vista, what is this called?
dual-boot
How many extended partitions can be created in a hard drive?
one
In Windows what is assigned to each partition?
drive letter
Where can a PC make a backup copy of the OS for later restoration?
recovery partition
What tool can you use to find additional space on your hard drive?
disk clean up
What tool in Windows is used to partition and format a drive?
disk management
What is a mount point?
a drive that functions likea folder on another drive
What will happen to your data if you try to convert a dynamic disk back to a basic disk?
it'll be erased and you'll have to start from the basics
How do you change a basic disk to dynamic in Windows?
right-click and select convert to dynamic disk
How do you make a dynamic volume bigger in Windows?
creating a spanned volume
What is the storage capacity of the present day 3½-inch floppy disk?
1.44 MB
What is the speed of High-Speed USB 2.0?
480 MBPS
Which of the following would prove more damaging to a CD-RW
scratching the topof the disc
CD-ROMs store data using ____ burned into a glass master CD-ROM with a powerful laser.
microchip pits
CD-ROM drives use a ____ and mirrors to read the data off a CD-ROM.
laser
All modern CD-R drives allow you to burn additional data onto a CD-R disc until the disc is full. What are these called?
multisession driver
What kind of memory do USB drives use?
flash ROM
What is the storage capacity of a single-layer Blu-ray Disc?
25 GB
You may need to change the ____ in CMOS to install a new OS from the installation media.
boot priority
Which of the following is a group of compression standards for both audio and video?
MPEG
ATAPI CD-ROMs have regular ____ PATA (IDE) connectors and master/slave jumpers.
40 pin
Which of the following is a complete copy of a CD that can be burned to another CD to make a duplicate?
ISO file
Be sure to orient the colored stripe on the side of the floppy cable to ____ on the motherboard floppy controller.
pin-1
What can be used to read different USB cards?
card reader
What is the DVD Region Code for the U.S.A. and Canada?
region 1
Conventionally, if there is only one floppy drive, which drive letter should it be assigned?
A:
The inability of the source device to keep up with the burner is known as
buffer underrun