naturally occurring, solid, orderly crystalline structure, inorganic, well defined chemical composition
5 characteristics of minerals
any naturally occurring solid that posses and orderly crystalline structure and has a well defined chemical composition
solid mass of minerals
substance that cannot be broken down any further
bonding where electrons are transferred
bonding where electrons are shared
bonding where valence electrons are free to mingle about
luster, light transmission, color, streak, habit, tenacity, and hardness
quality of light reflected
no light transmitted
light but no image
light and an image
resistance to being scratched
silicon and oxygen
two main components of minerals
minerals that are mostly silicon and oxygen
same protons different neutrons
resistance to breaking
have no iron or magnesium (non ferromagnesian)
have no iron or magnesium (light silicates)
widest mineral group
entirely silicon and oxygen
mica family excellent cleavage
product of weathering
glass luster conchoidal fracture
small rounded crystals
complex minerals in the mantel
most common pyroxene mineral
basalt part of the crust
hornblende different from augite because cleaves at 60 and 120 degrees
reactive version of dolomite
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