Sucking, chewing and gumming. Must overcome weaning in this stage.
Eliminating waste, control of bodily functions. Must overcome toilet training in this stage.
Sexual feelings and self awareness. Must overcome autoeroticism in this stage.
Time where child develops mentally, physically, and emotionally
Sexuality and focus on relationships. Must overcome sexuality and aggression in this stage
Reduces anxiety caused by conflict between the ID, EGO, and SUPEREGO
Defense Mechanism: Sublimation
redirecting unacceptable impulses into acceptable outlets
unconsciously modeling our feelings or actions on the behaviors of someone we admire
Defense Mechanism: Displacement
Shifting negative feel ins and impulses to an acceptable target
Defense Mechanism: Repression
anxiety-producing info is pushed into the unconscious
Defense Mechanism: Rationalization
creating an acceptable excuse for an uncomfortable situation
Defense Mechanism: Projection
Attributing your own anxiety-provoking thoughts and impulses to someone else
Defense Mechanism: Denial
refusing to recognize a distressing reality
Neo-Freudian Theorist:Alfred Adler
Humans are not just pleasure seekers, but conscious and intentional in their behavior
Adler's theory of individual psychology
unique strigile with feelings of inferiority
Neo-Freudian Theorist: Carl Jung
Personality is made up of ego,personal unconscious, collective unconscious
The items from your own personal unconscious range. Ranging from easily retrievable to repressed memories.
Universal experiences of human kind passed from generation to generation
Jung's theory of Analytic Psychology
emphasis on positive and spiritual aspects of human nature
Non-Freudian theorist: Karen Horney
emphasized role of relationships between children and their caregivers; thought people dealt with this anxiety by pulling away from people, moving towards people, or moving against people ( control)
Karen Horney's theory of basic anxiety
individuals respond to feelings of helplessness and isolation created by inadequate parenting
explains how the environment shapes personality and specifically how classical conditioning and reinforcers influence behavior. Observation and modeling also play a role In personality development
Behaviorist Learning Theories
personality is a compilation of collection of behaviors, all of which have been shapes through a lifetime of learning
Rotter's View of Control
Internal and External. Internal locus of control is when one believes the causes of life events reside in ones self. External locus of control is when one believes cause of life events resides outside ones self such as luck.
We have capabilities we can and should exploit as we strive for personal growth; the choices we make i life influence our personalities the focus is on the positive aspects of human nature
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
A continuum of drives that are universal and ordered in terms of their strength (from basic psychological needs to self transcendence). We respond to need in a similar order but have the ability to make choices in our lives, striving to reach our fullest potential.