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Italian dynamic markings used to indicate very soft, soft and very loud
pianissimo, piano, fortissimo
It is more difficult to sing than speak because
singing demands greater air supply and control, vowels sounds are held longer in singing then speaking, wider ranges of pitch and volume are used
The element of music defined as the ordered flow of music through time, or the particular arrangement of not lengths in a piece of music
The musical element that refers to the way chords are constructed and how they follow each other
how many different layers of sound are heard at the same time, what kind of layers of sound are heard, and how layers of sound are related to each other
Conveys a calm, other worldly quality, its rhythm is flexible without meter, the melodies tend to move by step within narrow range of pitches, monophonic
Texture is polyphonic, sometimes called " the golden age" of acappella choral music, used word painting, a musical representation of specific poetic images.
During Renaissance every educated person was expected to
Read musical notation, play a musical instrument, and be skilled at dance
The position of the composer during the baroque period was a
High class servant with few personal rights
The typical orchestra of the classical period consisted of?
Strings, pairs of woodwinds, horns, trumpets, and timpani
Instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene, popular during romantic period is called?
The deliberate intent to draw creative inspiration from the composer's own homeland is known as
The orchestra in the romantic period
Was larger and more varied in tone color then the classical orchestra.
The mood of an art song set by a brief piano introduction and summed up at the end by a piano section is called?
An early expressive kind of declamation midway between song and speech, introduced during expressionist period is?
What is the Backbone of jazz?
Rhythm section (piano, bass, or drums). Can be compared to basso continuo
Frequently blended 3 different styles into one single style, also cowrote with brother Ira
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