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66 terms

Music Appreciation Final Review

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What years are the Baroque Period?
1600-1750
Who is the King of Ragtime?
Scott Joplin
Who is the King of Swing?
Benny Goodman
Who is a Dixieland artist that invented Scat singing?
Louis Armstrong
Fantastic Symphony
Berlioz's Idefixee
Concerto Grosso
Large group of players- baroque era
Beat
Regular current pulsation that divides music into periods of time
Dates of Middle Ages
1066- 1300
Dates of Classical period
1750-1820
Dates of Romantic Period
1820-1900
Dates of Renaissance period?
1300-1650
Dates of 20th Century?
1900-present
Music
An art based on the organization of sounds in time
Four main properties of musical sounds
pitch, dynamics, tone color, duration
Dynamics
degrees of loudness and softness
Italian dynamic markings used to indicate very soft, soft and very loud
pianissimo, piano, fortissimo
It is more difficult to sing than speak because
singing demands greater air supply and control, vowels sounds are held longer in singing then speaking, wider ranges of pitch and volume are used
Rhythm
The element of music defined as the ordered flow of music through time, or the particular arrangement of not lengths in a piece of music
Melody
A series of single notes which add up to a recognizable whole
Harmony
The musical element that refers to the way chords are constructed and how they follow each other
Musical texture
how many different layers of sound are heard at the same time, what kind of layers of sound are heard, and how layers of sound are related to each other
Gregorian Chant
Conveys a calm, other worldly quality, its rhythm is flexible without meter, the melodies tend to move by step within narrow range of pitches, monophonic
The early church frowned on instruments because of their
earlier role in pagan rites
In Middle Ages, most musicians were
Priest or monks
Renaissance music
Texture is polyphonic, sometimes called " the golden age" of acappella choral music, used word painting, a musical representation of specific poetic images.
The movement of Renaissance is
Humanism
During Renaissance every educated person was expected to
Read musical notation, play a musical instrument, and be skilled at dance
Indefinite pitch
Produced by irregular vibrations
4 major sections of symphony orchestra
String, Woodwind, Brass, Percussion
A baroque musical compositions usually expresses
One basic mood
Terraced dynamics
The sudden alteration from one dynamic level to another
The most characteristic feature of baroque music is its use of
The basso continuo
The position of the composer during the baroque period was a
High class servant with few personal rights
Aria
A song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment
The firse opera house in Europe to offer entry with the price of admission opened in 1637 in
Venice
Bach was recognized as the most eminent?
Organist
Oratorio differs from opera because it has no
Acting, Scenery, or costumes
The basso continuo was gradually abandoned during
Classical period
Composers were influenced by folk and popular music in what period?
In the Classical period
The typical orchestra of the classical period consisted of?
Strings, pairs of woodwinds, horns, trumpets, and timpani
Sonata form consists of what three main sections?
Exposition, development, and recapitulation
The usual order of movements in a classical symphony is
fast, slow, dance-related, fast
A classical concerto is a three-movement work for
instrumental soloist and orchestra
The classical string quartet is a musical composition for
Two violins, viola, and cello
Classical chamber music is designed for
The intimate setting of a small room
3 main composers in classical era
Beethoven, Mozart, Haydn
Drawing creative inspiration from cultures of lands foreign to the composer is known as
Exoticism
A romantic composer who earned his living as a touring virtuosos was
Franz Liszt
Instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene, popular during romantic period is called?
Program Music
The deliberate intent to draw creative inspiration from the composer's own homeland is known as
Nationalism
The orchestra in the romantic period
Was larger and more varied in tone color then the classical orchestra.
A slight slowing down or speeding up of the tempo
Rubato
The composer whose career was a model for many romantic composers was
Beethoven
The mood of an art song set by a brief piano introduction and summed up at the end by a piano section is called?
Postlude
Chopin expressed his connection with his native country of Poland by composing
Mazurkas
Berlioz influenced a whole generation of musicians as one of the first great
Orchestral Conductors
Polychord
The combination of two traditional chords sounding together
Who was the most important impressionist composer?
Debussy
An early expressive kind of declamation midway between song and speech, introduced during expressionist period is?
Sprechstimme
In music, the early 20th century was a time of
Revolt and change
Characteristics of Jazz
Improvisation, Syncopated rhythm, steady beat, call and response
What is the Backbone of jazz?
Rhythm section (piano, bass, or drums). Can be compared to basso continuo
Main Jazz solo instruments?
Trumpet, trombone, saxophone, clarinet, piano
Bebop
Meant for listening, not dancing. 4-6 players, advanced harmonies, unpredicted rhythms
George Gershwin
Frequently blended 3 different styles into one single style, also cowrote with brother Ira
Romeo and Juliet
Failure