organized by patriot leader Samuel Adams, was a system of communication between patriot leaders in New England and throughout the colonies, provided the organization necessary to unite the colonies in opposition to Parliament.
1773-Tea Act Passed Townshend Acts had been repealed in 1770-EXCEPT for tax on tea Attempt to help East India Tea company-allowed to sell directly to colonists (tea price is lowered) Colonists upset-felt being forced to buy tea from British merchants (violated their right for free trade)
Boston Tea Party
Dec. 16, 1773- 342 chests of tea dumped into Boston Harbor (Sons of Liberty dressed as Mohawk Indians;British saw tea party as an act of rebellion-vowed to punish Boston
March 31, 1774 Punishment for Boston Tea Party 1. Closed Boston Port 2. no town meeting in Massachusetts 3. Customs officials will be trialed in England not Mass. 4. Quartering Act-have to house British soldiers
First Continental Congress
September 5-October 26, 1774- Gathered in response to Intolerable Acts 56 delegates met in Philadelphia (every colony represented but Georgia) Adopted resolution opposing Intolerable Acts: boycott British goods + form a militia in each colony
Battles of Lexington and Concord
• April 19, 1775 : Lexington Green o Unordered firing left 8 Minutemen dead • Concord: Stand-off at Concord North Bridge - 300-400 minutemen turned British back • Minutemen Tactics: fire from hiding positions • Surprising Outcome: British = 73 dead 174 wounded
Thomas Paine's Common Sense
Propaganda written to encourage colonists to revolt against Britain written by Thomas Paine
Declaration of Independence
the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain
Aka Tories (singl. tory); people who follow and are loyal(hence the term loyal-ists) to the british
Were members of teams of select men from the American colonial partisan militia
Aka Whigs; people considered disloyal to the british
American Revolutionary leader and patriot; leader of the Sons of liberty
2nd President of the United States (1735-1826) and lawyer
believed all people have a right to life, liberty, and property
"No taxation without representation"
was the rally cry about the Stamp Act
Join or Die No Taxation without representation "tis time to part"