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Unit 1 Test: Chap 1,2,28
Terms in this set (60)
Which of the following pieces of evidence is likely to form the basis of an environmentalist's opinion?
The industrial revolution is characterized by a shift from what?
farming employment to factory employment
Point source pollution does not include what?
a drainpipe from a power plant
When did the industrial revolution reach the United States?
Who makes up 20% of the worlds population?
Where did the industrial revolution begin?
Energy use in the industrial revolution was based primarily on what?
Usefulness to humans is the basis of what?
what percentage of the worlds population live in developing countries
The Sagebrush rebellion sought to?
reduce federal ownership of lands
What environmental warning did not occur in the 1960s?
The American bison was almost hunted to extinction
Biocentrists are against what?
unrestrained resource use
Which president tripled the amount of land in the National Wilderness system and doubled the area administered by the National Park Service, formed by the Department of Energy and developed Superfund?
Since 1970, the gap between the rich and the poor, as measured by GNP per capita, has what?
increased, then substantially increased since 1980
true/false developing countries use about 12% of the world's resources.
The three-factor model of environmental degradation and pollution does NOT include what?
runoff from cropland, releasing gas from coal combustion, dumping detergents into streams, and spraying DDT are all considered what?
what protects the future of other generations, meets the needs of its people, and satisfies the needs of its people?
What decade is considered the golden age of conservation?
A major stimulus for the industrial revolution was what?
a shortage of wood
What year did the first earth day take place?
What percentage is considered a very high rate of annual exponential growth?
On the outskirts of municipality lies a forest on public property. A person applying the precautionary principle might suggest doing what?
harvesting trees BELOW their estimated sustainable yield
Natural Capital does NOT include what?
what is the study between organisms and their environment?
worldwide integration of social, economic, and environmental change is called what?
The industrial revolution is NOT characterized by the increase of what?
social concern for workers
Which president appointed industrialists to key positions in the department of the interior, reduced budgets and staffs of conservation organizations, and reduced funding for research on renewable energy sources?
Concerns of people of color and poor people disproportionately exposed to environmental pollution and degradation are most likely to be addressed by what?
The environmental justice movement
Pollution cleanup efforts can be ineffective because?
overwhelmed, costly, transfer pollution
If the world's population grew by 1.5% in 1998 and continued at that rate, how long would it take Earth's population to double?
The Agricultural Revolution did NOT result in what?
protection of wild plants and animals
Who viewed the continent as a hostile wilderness that needed to be conquered?
The American Settlers
What was a group of unemployed men employed to do conservation projects for the government?
Exponential growth does what?
Starts out slowly then become very rapid
Until we can make reasonable estimates of the carrying capacity of the Earth, the precautionary principle suggests that we what?
use material resources more efficiently
Most of the environmental problems we face are...
What leaves ashes from burned vegetation, which add plant nutrients to the soil?
Slash and Burn cultivation
The basic beliefs of a planetary management worldview does NOT include what?
That humans need the earth, but the earth does not need us
letting agricultural runoff cause oxygen depletion and fish kills downstream
best describes the concept of what?
What alternates planting periods with fallow periods?
Who developed the Sierra Club?
Gifford Pinchot used what principles to manage America's renewable forest resources?
sustainable-yield and multiple-use
After WW1, the republican administration of 1921-1933 increased the use of public lands for what?
restoring degraded environment and economic growth
Cultural revolutions are characterized by what?
improved living standards
Who developed the first federal wildlife refuge?
Nonpoint source of pollution would not include what?
a smokestack from a power plant
Species that have a right to life regardless of their usefulness to humans have what?
Sustainable development can be distinguished from economic development by its emphasis on what?
A resource that is too expensive to extract is said to be...?
What is NOT important in determining the damage produced by a pollutant?
you are visiting a developing country. Compared to a developed country, you would expect to find a what?
more people under the age of 15
Hunter-gatherer environmental impacts were kept low how?
giving nature time to recuperate after they moved on.
What is a characteristic of a Native American's attitude?
The land and its resources are to be respected
True/False driving 10mph for one minute, then 20mph for one minute, then 30mph for one minute; then 40 mph for one minute is an example of exponential growth
Effects of pollution might include what?
acid rain, smog, spread of disease
Henry David Thoreau and George Perkins Marsh were what?
A starting point in establishing the federal government's responsibility to protect public lands from unsustainable resource use was the what?
establishment of the first federal forest reserves and wildlife refuges
The use of a natural resource based on sustainable yield applies to what?
what is an example of recycling?
collecting and remelting aluminum coke cans
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