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Religion: Understanding the Bible (Terms)
EXAM 2- Quesada
Terms in this set (79)
Deuteronomistic cycle...on repeat (12x)
3. Crying Out
A place inhabited by the tribe of Benjamin
(Battle of this place was triggered by the raping and murdering of a Levite's concubine by the tribe of Benjamin)
The Levite and the concubine
A concubine that belonged to a man of Levi was raped to death by a rowdy mob, after the Levite had offered his concubine in place of himself.
In the morning, the Levite found his dead concubine at the door. He then chopped her up into 12 pieces and sent the pieces throughout out all Israel (the 12 tribes)
Who Samson falls in love with but is also sold out to the Philistines by
An immortal, murderous bully that God uses to deliver the people.
-A nazarite who vows not to cut his hair or drink alcohol that falls in love with Delilah, who bribed by the Philistine officials to find his strength (long hair). They cut his hair, blind and subdue him. Later they throw a party and bring Samson out to mock him but his hair is grown out by that time. He brings down the 2 pillars of the building, killing himself and the people at the party.
Jephthah and his daughter
Led Israelites into battle against Ammon and as a result of a rash vow, sacrifices his daughter after defeating the Ammonites.
Song of Deborah and Barak
A victory hymn, sung by Deborah and Barak about the defeat of the Canaanite adversaries by some of the Israelite tribes
-Song mentions the 6 participating tribes:
(as opposed to the only 2 tribes in chapter 4)
A woman who stabs Sisera through the head with a tent peg
Opposing general that escapes and flees to a territory that is not involved in the conflict.
A women named Jael offers him food and a place to rest and hide. He accepts, thinking it is safe until she drives a tent pegs through his temple.
Successor of Moses who leads the Israelites in the conquest of Canaan.
First city the Israelites take in the conquest of Canaan.
When Joshua asks God why they lost (Chapter 7), God tells him that someone violated the ban against taking the spoils from Jericho. When the guilty person is found out (Achan), Joshua executes him and his family. Only after this act can Israel move ahead with the conquest.
Mentioned by the Book of Joshua in connection with the fall of Jericho and conquest of Ai. Achan pillaged an ingot of gold, a quantity of silver, and a costly garment, from Jericho. No one finds him out until Israel squares off against the city.
Covenant renewal ceremony
Joshua here calls the people to renew their covenant with God (Joshua 23-24). He recounts all God has done for them and then gives them the choice to serve God or the gods of the peoples around them. Having then given them this choice, he utters his well-known commitment: 'but as for me and my household, we will serve the Lord.' The people follow Joshua and renew their commitment with God. The book then ends with the death of Joshua.
Bones of Joseph
Joseph's bones, which the Israelites had brought up from Egypt, were buried at Shechem in the tract of land that Jacob bought for a hundred pieces of silver from the sons of Hamor, the father of Shechem. This became the inheritance of Joseph's descendants.
A book in Deuteronomistic Histories. It is named for the 'judges', that is, the twelve people who on different occasions lead the Israelites in revolts against their neighbors after they had been subdued, the books say, because of their unfaithfulness to God.
Deuteronomistic pattern (found first in 2:11-19)
Written by an editor of the Deuteronomistic school so called because the way this group thought and talked about God can be most clearly seen in the Book of Deuteronomy. The members of the Deuteronomistic school saw a pattern in God's relationship with the children of Israel: The people would do evil by worshiping other gods, God would, hand the people over to their enemies, the people would groan and cry out to the Lord, and God would raise up a judge to save them. God delivered them; but it always seemed that when the rescuer died, the people returned to their evil ways.
Popular Canaanite god who ranked high in their pantheon. He was also the storm god.
Important Canaanite goddess, consort of Baal or of El. 'The sacred pole.'
Sent to the Moabite King Eglon on the pretext of delivering the Israelites' annual tribute. He had blacksmiths make a double-edged short sword about eighteen inches long, useful for a stabbing thrust.
The king of Moab who suppressed Israel in the time of the Judges. One day, Ehud came presenting a customary tribute and tricked Eglon and stabbed him with his sword, but when Ehud attempted to draw the sword back out, the obese king's excess fat prevented its retrieval. Some form of feces or waste issued from Eglon's stomach wound in this incident. His servants, believing he was relieving himself, let him be. Rabbis claimed that Ruth was Eglon's daughter. According to this tradition, Eglon was rewarded for rising out of respect when Ehud mentioned the Israelite God by having King David as a descendant.
The only woman among judges who lived in a time when a Canaanite king had subjected the tribes of Israel. She is recognized as a prophet and as a person who could adjudicate among litigants before her call to lead the fight to reestablish the independence of the tribes.
In the story of God's dealings with the Israelites where Judges left off and follow the rise of prophetic ministry
Eleventh century Israelite priest and prophet of Shiloh who raised Samuel.
(1) First king of Israel who was eventually rejected by God for disobedience and taking the prerogative of a priest by offering a sacrifice. (2) Jewish name of the persecutor of the church who has an experience of risen Christ on the road to Damascus and becomes the apostle Paul.
To anoint is to pour or smear with perfumed oil, milk, water, melted butter or other substances, a process employed ritually by many religions. People and things are anointed to symbolize the introduction of a sacramental or divine influence, a holy emanation, spirit, power or God. It can also be seen as a spiritual mode of ridding persons and things of dangerous influences, as of demons believed to be or to cause disease.
After God rejects Saul, Samuel goes to Bethlehem and anoints David, who is the youngest and seems least likely among his eight sons to be a candidate for the next ruler of the nation- he is just a shepherd boy.
The place in which David is anointed.
After Saul's death, David returns to Hebron in Judah, where he is anointed king.
The son of Zeruiah, a sister of King David, who made him captain of his army. He had two brothers, Abishai and Asahel. Asahel was killed by Abner, for which Joab took revenge by murdering Abner against David's wishes.
First cousin to Saul and commander-in-chief of his army.Seizing the youngest but only surviving of Saul's sons, Ish-bosheth, he set him up as king over Israel at Mahanaim, east of the Jordan. David, who was accepted as king by Judah alone, was meanwhile reigning at Hebron, and for some time war was carried on between the two parties.
City in south central Palestine that served as the capital from the time of David, the temple is in this city and ancient Jews thought of it as the central place of the presence and acts of God.
Daughter of Saul, king of Israel, who loved and became the wife of David, who later became king of Judah, and later still of the United Kingdom of Israel.
Court prophet who lived in the time of King David and Queen Bathsheba. He came to David to reprimand him over his committing adultery with Bathsheba while she was the wife of Uriah the Hittite whose death the King had also arranged to hide his previous transgression.
Davidic Covenant (2 Samuel 7)
God's promises to David through Nathan the prophet. This is an unconditional covenant made between God and David through which God promises David and Israel that Jesus Christ would come from the lineage of David and the tribe of Judah and would establish a kingdom that would endure forever. It is unconditional because God does not place any conditions of obedience upon its fulfillment. The surety of the promises made rests solely on God's faithfulness and does not depend at all on David or Israel's obedience.
The wife of Uriah the Hittite and later of David, king of the United Kingdom of Israel and Judah. She is most known for the bible story in which King David seduced her. She was the mother of Solomon, who succeeded David as king, making her the Queen Mother.
Uriah- A soldier in King David's army. He was the husband of Bathsheba, and was murdered by order of David by having the soldiers retreat from him in battle. His wife was pregnant by King David through an adulterous affair. Although under David's order to return home and see his wife, he repeatedly refused to leave his post or leave the King's presence to see her. Contact between the couple could have hidden the adulterous nature of her pregnancy by David.
Known as the Great One or _______ the Great was a King of Israel and one of the 48 prophets. Identified as the son of David. The builder of the First Temple in Jerusalem, and portrays him as great in wisdom, wealth, and power, but ultimately as a king whose sin, including idolatry and turning away from Yahweh, leads to the kingdom being torn in two during the reign of his son Rehoboam.
The oldest son of David, King of Israel, with his wife, Ahinoam, who is described as "the Jezreelitess". Although he was the heir-apparent to David's throne, he is best remembered for the rape of his half-sister Tamar, daughter of David with Maachah.
The third son of David, King of Israel with Maachah. The most handsome man in the kingdom, he eventually rebelled against his father and was killed during the Battle of Ephraim Wood.
The fore-mother of the Jews and the daughter-in-law of the patriarch Judah, the son of Jacob. She was the ancestor of King David.
A young woman of Shunem, distinguished for her beauty. She was chosen to be a helper and servant to David in his old age. Among her duties was to lie next to David and keep him warm; however, David did not have sexual relations with her. After David's death Adonijah persuaded Bathsheba, Solomon's mother, to entreat the king to permit him to marry Abishag. Solomon suspected in this request an aspiration to the throne, and therefore caused Adonijah to be put to death.
The fourth son of King David. After the death of his elder brothers Amnon and Absalom, he became heir-apparent to the throne, but Solomon, a younger brother, was preferred to him. Adonijah, however, when his father was dying, caused himself to be proclaimed king. But the prophet Nathan and Bathsheba induced David to give orders that Solomon should immediately be proclaimed and admitted to the throne.
Queen of Sheba
A monarch of the ancient kingdom of Sheba. She is widely assumed to have been a queen regnant, although there is no historical proof of this; in fact, she may have been a queen consort.
Israel (the Northern Kingdom)
The name taken by the northern kingdom (whose capital was in Samaria) when the Israelites split into two nation following the reign of Solomon.
Judah (the Southern Kingdom)
The name of southern kingdom whose capital was divided into two nations (the other called Israel).
Shrines at Dan & Bethel (the Golden Calves/ "The sins of Jeroboam")
Shrines at Bethel and Dan that competed with the Kingdom of Judah's Temple of Jerusalem. The shrines were a central issue in their view of the northern kings, often basing their assessment of these rulers on whether or not they continued to commit the "sin of Jeroboam" by supporting these public sanctuaries.
Elijah the Tishbite
Ninth-century Israelite prophet who performed many miracles and called the people to worship only God. He opposed the reign of Ahab and his dynasty because of the unfaithfulness to God. He was also the head of the 'school of prophets.'
King of Israel and the son and successor of Omri, he became king of Israel in the thirty-eighth year of Asa, king of Judah, and reigned for twenty-two years. His wife was Jezebel.
A princess, identified as the daughter of Ethbaal, King of Tyre and the wife of Ahab, king of north Israel. Jezebel has a power behind the throne. Ahab and this princess allow temples of Baal to operate in Israel, and that religion receives royal patronage.
He was the owner of a plot on the eastern slope of the hill of Jezreel. Described as a small "plat of ground", the vineyard seems to have been all he possessed and laid close to the palace of Ahab, who wished to acquire to "have it for a garden of herbs". He, however, had inherited his land from his father, and, according to Jewish law, could not alienate it. Accordingly, he refused to sell it to the king.
The King of Israel goes to Jehoshaphat, the king of Judah, and asks if he will go with him to take over Ramoth-gilead which was under rule by the king of Aram. Jehoshaphat requests that Ahab, "Inquire first for the word of the Lord". Ahab then calls on his prophets and asks if he should go into battle against Ramoth-gilead. The prophets responded by telling the king of Israel to go into battle, stating that the Lord will deliver Ramoth-gilead into the hand of the king. Jehoshaphat asks if there are any other prophets of whom to inquire the word of the Lord. Ahab mentions him as the son of Imlah, but expresses dislike for him because his past prophecies have not been in favor of him. A messenger is sent to bring him to the king to give his prophecy. The messenger tells him to give a favorable prophecy to Ahab.
Successor of Elijah. At Elijah's death, he becomes the leader of the 'school of prophets' and continues Elijah's ministry of opposing Israelite monarchs who worship multiple gods.
King of Judah, and the son of Jehoram and Athaliah, the daughter of king Ahab of Israel. He is also called Jehoahaz
Empire that arose in the eighth century BCE. Its capital was in Nineveh, near todays Mosul in Northern Iraq (approximately 250 miles north of Baghdad).
Josiah (reign: 640-609)
Josiah (reign: 640-609)- King of Judah whom the Bible praises as the greatest king since David. He was the son of King Amon, and the grandson of King Manasseh. He instituted a major religious reform that centralized the worship of the Hebrew God Yahweh in Jerusalem and strongly repressed pagan religions. He also attempted to extend his control beyond Judah in a drive to reunify the former northern Kingdom of Israel with his own. He died as a result of a wound suffered in battle against Egyptian forces at Megiddo, at the age of 39.
"Book of the law"
The central sacred text of Thelema, written by Aleister Crowley in Cairo, Egypt in the year 1904. Contains three chapters, each of which was written down in one hour, beginning at noon, on 8 April, 9 April, and 10 April. The author was an entity named Aiwass, whom he later referred to as his personal Holy Guardian Angel .The original title of the book was Liber L vel Legis. The book is often referred to simply as Liber AL, Liber Legis or just AL, though technically the latter two refer only to the manuscript.
Empire that rises to regional dominance in the seventh/sixth centuries BCE. They replace the Assyrian Empire as the dominant power of the region. The capital of empire was near today's city of Baghdad, Iraq.
Sack of Jerusalem (587/586)
The Israelite history of the city began in c.1000 BCE following which Jerusalem became the City of David and capital of the United Kingdom of Israel.
Jeremiah (prophetic career: 627-587)
The seventh-to sixth century prophet of Judah who lives through the various states of exile in Jerusalem. He becomes the pattern for the persecuted and rejected but faithful prophet.
The scribe, disciple, secretary, and devoted friend of the Biblical prophet Jeremiah. He wrote down the first and second editions of Jeremiah's prophecies as they were dictated to him by the prophet. He remained true to the teachings and ideals of the great prophet, although like his master he was at times almost overwhelmed with despondency. While Jeremiah was in hiding to avoid the wrath of King Jehoakim, he commanded this man to read his prophecies of warning to the people gathered in the Temple in Jerusalem on a day of fasting. The task was both difficult and dangerous, but he performed it without flinching and it was probably on this occasion that the prophet gave him the personal message. He witnessed the Babylonian siege of Jerusalem of 587-586 BCE. He had influence on Jeremiah; on his advice Jeremiah urged the Israelites to remain in Judah after the murder of Gedaliah. He was carried with Jeremiah to Egypt, where, according to a tradition preserved by Jerome, he soon died. His prominence, by reason of his intimate association with Jeremiah, led later generations to exalt his reputation still further. To him were attributed the Book of _____ and two other Jewish books.
A king of Judah, he was the second son of King Josiah. On Josiah's death, his younger brother Jehoahaz was proclaimed king, but after three months pharaoh Necho II deposed him and replaced him with the eldest son, Eliakim, who adopted the name ______ and became king at the age of twenty-five and reigned for eleven years to 598 BC and was succeeded by his son Jeconiah, who reigned for only three months.
Deportation of 597
In 601 BC, in the fourth year of his reign, Nebuchadnezzar II, king of Babylon, unsuccessfully attempted to invade Egypt and was repulsed with heavy losses. Nebuchadnezzar soon dealt with these rebellions. He laid siege to Jerusalem, which eventually fell on 2 Adar (March 16) 597 BC.
The act of lamenting or expressing grief. A book of the Bible traditionally ascribed to Jeremiah.
The sixth century prophet who was taken to Babylon in the first wave of the exiles from Jerusalem in 597 BCE. There he has dramatic visions about the presence of God moving to be with the exiles. These visions contributed to much of the development of apocalyptic thought and imagery.
The ancient Hebrews thought of the throne Ezekiel beheld as a "______" (" the golden chariot of the cherubim ").This was thought to be the "vehicle "on which God rode in the heavens; Gods messengers also were thought of as riding in chariots .
The rise of _____ happens after the fall of Jerusalem, along with the fall of Assyria.
Edict of Cyrus
Cyrus issued the decree of liberation to the Jews, concerning which Daniel had prayed and prophesied. The edict of Cyrus for the rebuilding of the Temple in Jerusalem marked a great epoch in the history of the Jewish people.
An ancient clay cylinder, now broken into several fragments, on which is written a declaration in Akkadian cuneiform script in the name of the king Cyrus. The cylinder was created following the Persian conquest of Babylon in 539 BC, when Cyrus' army invaded and conquered the Neo-Babylonian Empire, incorporating it into the Persian Empire.
The ______ is a small group of Israelites who will survive the invasion of the Assyrian army. It is promised salvation, in that they will one day be brought back to the Promised Land by the Lord. Isaiah again uses the terminology during the siege of Jerusalem.
The Empire that arises in the sixth century BCE that displaces Babylon Empire. Its capital was in today's Iran.
Cyrus II of Persia
The founder of the Achaemenid Empire. Under his rule, the empire embraced all the previous civilized states of the ancient Near East, expanded vastly and eventually conquered most of Southwest Asia and much of Central Asia, parts of Europe and Caucasus. He created the largest empire the world had yet seen. His lasted between 29 and 31 years. He built his empire by conquering first the Median Empire, then the Lydian Empire and eventually the Neo-Babylonian Empire.
It means anointed one. Various people throughout the Hebrew Bible were anointed, a way of appointing someone to perform a specific tasks. The early church narrowed the definition of this so that it designates only Jesus, the one who fulfills all proper expectations for the person God would send. To do this, they must radically redefine the tasks of it.
The exilic prophet who wrote under the name Isaiah. His writings appear in Isaiah chapters 40-55.
The sixth century prophet who encourages those who have returned to Judah from exile to rebuild the temple. He sees this rebuilding as a step toward peace and the establishment of God's kingdom.
Governor of the Persian Province of Judah, he led the first group of Jews who returned from the Babylonian. He also laid the foundation of the Second Temple in Jerusalem soon after. He is always associated with the high priest who returned with him, Joshua. Together, these two men led the first wave of Jewish returnees from exile and began to rebuild the Temple.
Second Temple (515 BCE)
Stood on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem between 516 BCE and 70 CE. It replaced the First Temple which was destroyed in 586 BCE, when the Jewish nation was exiled to Babylon. Both temples were centers of Jewish sacrificial worship. The accession of Cyrus the Great of Persia in 538 BCE made the re-establishment of the city of Jerusalem and the rebuilding of the Temple possible.
Capital of the Assyrian empire. This is the city to which Jonah was sent to preach. Its inhabitants are Ninevites.
Leading character in the story of the book of Jonah. This folktale questions the important prophetic and deuteronomistic themes
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