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40 terms

Buisness

STUDY
PLAY
Which of the following fields is concerned with understanding the choices people make in using scarce resources?
Economics
The study of macroeconomics is
concerned with studying the overall economy
The willingness and ability of sellers to provide goods and services for sale in a market is referred to as
Supply
refers to the willingness and ability of buyers to purchase goods and services.
demand
Most industrialized nations operate economies based on
private enterprise systems
Entrepreneurs have the most economic freedom in which type of economy?
Capitalism
Which of the following is considered to be the BEST example of pure competition in today's business environment?
Agriculture
A particular industry has many competitors, each of whom has little control over price. In addition, it is fairly easy to enter the industry. This industry is an example of ________.
pure competition
The four different types of market structure in a private enterprise system are ________.
pure competition, monopolistic competition, oligopoly, and monopoly
Control over price by individual firms is highest in a(n) ________.
pure monopoly
Unless it is regulated or only temporary, the market situation called ________ is prohibited in the U.S. through antitrust legislation.
Monopoly
_____ is an economic system in which private property is eliminated.
Communism
has a blend of both planned and free enterprise system.
A mixed market economy
Many developing countries have had __________ rates of GDP growth compared with the United States and other developed countries
higher
Over the past decade, which of the following countries had the highest annual rate of GDP growth?
China
An absolute advantage occurs when a country can maintain
a monopoly by being the lowest-cost producer
A comparative advantage in a good or service means that __________.
compared to another good or service, a nation will produce the one that it produces most efficiently
A trade deficit occurs when __________.
imports exceed exports
A balance of payments surplus means
an overall inflow of money from abroad
A country's exchange rate is based on __________.
the rate at which its currency can be exchanged for other currencies
A country has a good chance of selling more of its goods abroad if it __________.
devalues its currency
Management styles and ways of managing workers may need to be modified in other parts of the world in order to overcome __________ barriers.
cultural
All of the following are social and cultural barriers EXCEPT __________.
currency shifts
All of the following constitute a country's infrastructure EXCEPT __________.
housing
A country raises the tariff on imported cheese in order to increase its price above the price of domestically produced cheese. This is an example of __________.
a protective tariff
The objective of an import quota is to __________.
protect domestic industries
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) can be expected to __________.
vastly increase trade among the member nations
Raw facts and figures are ________.
data
Hannah is a television executive whose team conducted demographic research for new programs. Hannah will be expected to write a detailed ________ report about the impact of this study and the effect of the network's marketing strategy.
information
The person who directs a firm's management information systems and related computer operations is often called the ________.
chief information officer
A database can best be described as ________.
a centralized integrated collection of the organization's data resources
An information system that provides relevant data to help businesspeople choose the appropriate course of action is called a(n) ________.
decision support system
A computer program that imitates human thinking is a(n) ________.
expert system
Which of the following is a storage device?
Flash memory card
Which of the following is an application program?
Microsoft Excel
Word processing programs can do all of the following EXCEPT ________.
compute calculations
Diego purchased a company and discovered that his employees were using different operating systems. Instead of spending considerable time and expense getting everyone on the same system, Diego established a(n) ________ to create company bulletin boards, manage documents, and conduct online conferencing.
intranet
Software that encodes data, making it difficult for unauthorized users to view, is called ________.
encryption software
Jennifer belongs to several online card clubs. When she downloaded a recommended bridge game, she unknowingly received a ________, which ultimately damaged the hard drive on her computer.
Trojan horse
Mario downloaded some company information into a spreadsheet so that he could work on it at home. When he returned to work, he inserted his memory card into his company computer. Within minutes, all of his hard drive files were corrupted. The most likely cause was a(n) ________.
computer virus