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Pre-IB English II Midterm study guide

Here you will find all literary terms and vocabulary definitions. It is listed in order presented on the study guide, memorize and enjoy.
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Allegory
A story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one.
Anachronism
An act of attributing a custom, event, or object to a period to which it does not belong
Antagonist
A person who actively opposes or is hostile to someone or something; an adversary
Anti-hero
a protagonist who lacks the attributes that make a heroic figure, as nobility of mind and spirit, a life or attitude marked by action or purpose, and the like
Bildungsroman
a type of novel concerned with the education, development, and maturing of a young protagonist
Characterization
the act of describing distinctive characteristics or essential features
Climax
the decisive moment in a novel or play
Collectivism
The principles or system of ownership and control of the means of production and distribution by the people collectively, usually under the supervision of a government.
Comic relief
A humorous scene or speech intended to lighten the mood
Dialect
a variety of speech characterized by its own particular grammar or pronunciation, often associated with a particular geographical region
Digression
an interruption of the main action, accomplished by telling stories unrelated to the main plot. This serves to provide background information, explain character motivation, establish interest, build suspense, and inform the reader of the action to come
Dynamic character
A character who grows, learns, or changes as a result of the story's action
Exposition
an account that sets forth the meaning or intent of a writing or discourse
Falling action
That segment of the plot that comes between the climax and the conclusion.
Fantasy
a story that concerns an unreal world or contains unreal characters; a fantasy may be merely whimsical, or it may present a serious point
Figurative language
Writing or speech that is used to create vivid impressions by setting up comparisons between dissimilar things, [examples are metaphor, simile, and personification.
Flashback
a scene that interrupts the ongoing action in a story to show an event that happened earlier
Hyperbole
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
Imagery
description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)
Irony
witty language used to convey insults or scorn
Legend
a narrative handed down from the past, containing historical elements and usually supernatural elements
Macrocosm
the whole universe; a large-scale reflection of a part of the greater world
Metonymy
the use of a related item to stand for the thing being discussed
Microcosm
a miniature world or universe; a group or system viewed as the model of a larger group or system
New realism
any of various movements in literature, art, etc., that are considered as a return to a more realistic style with content such as social issues, morality, etc
Parable
a simple story that illustrates a moral or religious lesson
Point of view
the perspective from which a story is told
Protagonist
the principal character in a work of fiction
Psychological novel
work of fiction in which the thoughts, feelings, and motivations of the characters are of equal or greater interest than is the external action of the narrative
Pun
a humorous play on words
(Ex. Santa's elves are subordinate clauses, "I was going to make a musical on puns but it turned out to be a play on words", "I'm reading about anti-gravity, it's impossible to put down") I know my puns are just punishment
Resolution
the final unraveling or solution of the plot
Rising action
the series of conflicts or struggles that build a story toward a climax.
Static character
a character who does not change during the course of a story
Stream of consciousness
of, pertaining to, or characterized by a manner of writing in which a character's thoughts or perceptions are presented as occurring in random form, without regard for logical sequences, syntactic structure, distinctions between various levels of reality, or the like
Style
a way of expressing something (in language or art or music etc.) that is characteristic of a particular person or group of people or period
Symbol
an object that is used to represent something else (usually a larger, philosophical and more important idea)
Synecdoche
using a part of something to stand for the entire thing
Theme
a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work
Tone
the quality of something (an act or a piece of writing) that reveals the attitudes and presuppositions of the author
Utopia
an imaginary place considered to be perfect or ideal
consecrated
solemnly dedicated to or set apart for a high purpose
insouciant
not concerned; free from care
petulant
easily irritated or annoyed
poignancy
a quality that arouses emotions (especially pity or sorrow)
forbearance
a delay in enforcing rights or claims or privileges
sanguinary
marked by eagerness to resort to violence and bloodshed
piety
devotion and reverence to God
discernment
ability to make good judgments
acquiesce
to agree or express agreement
banal
obvious and dull
garner
acquire or deserve by one's efforts or actions
heresy
an opinion different from accepted belief; the denial of an idea that is generally held sacred
calamity
an event resulting in great loss and misfortune
languid
lacking spirit or liveliness
cumbrous
difficult to handle or use especially because of size or weight
derelict
deserted or abandoned as by an owner
disconsolate
causing dejection
vehement
marked by extreme intensity of emotions or convictions
quell
suppress or crush completely
capitulate
surrender under agreed conditions
blasé
indifferent to or bored with life
putrid
rotten
bourgeois
a member of the middle class
aristocratic
noble, fancy
sagacious
acutely insightful and wise
parsimonious
excessively unwilling to spend
recalcitrant
marked by stubborn resistance to authority
trenchant
clearly or sharply defined to the mind
umbrage
a sense of injury or insult
waft
to move gently by wind or waves
extol
to praise highly
capricious
tending to change abruptly and without apparent reason
facetious
playfully joking; humorous
jejune
uninteresting; dull
lugubrious
mournful
magnaminous
forgiving; honorable
scintillate
to sparkle or glow, literally or figuratively
ubiquitous
being everywhere at the same time
beguile
to charm; to delight
churlish
having a bad disposition
Note to test taker
Good luck, study hard and have a nice Winter break ☺