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Sikhism

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Adi Granth
first book,
primary Sikh scripture,
aka Guru Granth Sahib
Amrit-dhari
a Sikh, who has received Amrit (nectar)
Amritser
location of Golden temple,
aka ramdaspur
Baisakhi
Spring festival w tent of 10th Guru Gobind Singh,
five willing to give their lives for Sikhism became "5 Beloved", also foundation of the Khalsa,
baptized- drank Amrit,
took on 5 distinguishing marks
Bala
Guru Nanek's Hindu companion,
never became Sikh
Dasam Granth
the writings of 10th Guru Gobind Singh,
secondary scripture to Adi Granth
Guru
spiritual leader,
only one Guru, God, inner voice,
on earth, Guru's arise making it divine
Guru Arjan Dev
5th Guru!
compiled Adi Granth bc bro was writing "holy" poems and hymns, trying to pass them off as Guru Nanak's,
Adi Granth includes Hindu and Muslim wise men writings,
Emperor Jehangir liked Muslims, not sikhs, turned this Guru over to torturer who tried to force him to change the Granth,
known as builder of the golden temple
Guru Gobind Singh
10th Guru,
wrote Dasam Granth,
started Khalsa during Spring festival Baisakhi
Guru Granth Sahib
honorific name of Adi Granth + writings from 9th Guru Tegh Behadur= this title,
last Guru
Guru Hargobind
6th Guru,
more agressive due to Guru Arjan Dev's death,
wore 2 swords:
1.Miri- secular power(shakti)
2.Piri-devotional sword (bhakti)
saints into soldiers,
trained arms and horsemanship,
won over Emperor Jehangirs, by saving his life from a tiger
Guru Tegh Bahadur
9th Guru,
change in Emperors meant Hindus were hated,
went to seek relief for Hindus,
Emperor beheaded him
Gurdwara
center of worship,
a Sikh temple
Haumai
overcoming self-ego
Kachh
1 of 5 Ks, taken on by baptized Sikhs
chastity,
symbol of sexual purity
Kanga
1 of 5 Ks, taken on by baptized Sikhs
comb worn in hair,
symbol of mental discipline
Kara
1 of 5 Ks, taken on by baptized Sikhs
steel bracelet,
symbol of action
Kaur
name given to baptized woman,
add at the end of their name
Kesh
1 of 5 Ks, taken on by baptized Sikhs
long, uncut hair,
symbol of spirituality and living out God's purposes and will naturally
Kes-dhari
not baptized Sikhs but have long hair
Khalsa
sik order,
"pure ones"
Kirpan
1 of 5 Ks, taken on by baptized Sikhs
short dagger or sword,
symbol of defending own faith as well as others
Langar
communal meal
Mardana
Guru Nanak's ministrel, muslim companion,
never joined Sikhism
Miri
sword worn by Guru Hargobind,
represents secular power
Mukti
release
Nanak
founder of Sikhism,
1469 CE-1538 CE,
"there is neither Hindu nor Muslim"
True Name or Vahiguru "wonderful sovereign"
Nath
Hindu tradition looking within in search for God
Piri
sword worn by Guru Hargobind,
represents devotion
Ramdaspur
aka Amritser today,
founded by 3rd Guru,
location of GoldenTemple
Sahaj-dhari
a person adopted into Sikhism
Samsara
rounds of rebirth
Sanghat
Sikh community
Sant
Hindu tradition believing in devotion to God, who is formless
Seva
service
sikh
follower of Nanak,
word meaning disciple
Simran
meditation
Singh
male members of Khalsa,
add this name to end of name
True Name
one sovereign God
Punjab Region
where Sikhs live,
bread basket of INdia,
freat garmers,