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27 terms

List 6

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couplet
pair of lines of meter in poetry; usually consists of two lines that rhyme and have the same meter
sestina
structured 39 line poem consisting of six six-line stanzas followed by an envoi of three lines
sonnet
poem commonly has 14 lines; "little song" or "little sound"
villanelle
19-line poem with two rhyme sounds; first and third lines of the first stanza are rhyming refrains that alternate as the third line in each successive stanza and form a couplet at the close;
end rhyme
rhyme that occurs in the last syllables of verses in poetry
stanza
a group of lines in a poem
iamb
a metrical foot in poetry that has an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable, as in the word protect
quatrain
a stanza of four lines
apostrophe
a figure of speech in which one directly addresses an absent or imaginary person, or some abstraction
narrative poetry
poetry that tells a story
epic
a long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds
ballad
a type of poem written in quatrains that usually has a refrain that is meant to be sung and is both lyric and narrative in nature
haiku
a major form of Japanese verse, written in 17 syllables divided into 3 lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables, and employing highly evocative allusions and comparisons, often on the subject of nature or one of the seasons.
enjambment
describes a line of poetry in which the sense and grammatical construction continues on to the next line
blank verse
unrhymed verse but with a set meter
epigram
a witty saying expressing a single thought or observation
caesura
a break or pause (usually for sense) in the middle of a verse line
lyric poetry
poetry that expresses that poet's thoughts and feelings
elegy
a sad or mournful poem
ode
a poem usually addressed to a particular person, object or event that has stimulated deep and noble feelings in the poet
internal rhyme
rhyme within a line
end stopped lines
lines in which both the grammatical structure and the sense reach completion at the end
open form (free verse)
poetry without regular patterns of rhyme and rhythm
refrain
a regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song
elision
The omission of an unstressed vowel or syllable to preserve the meter of a line of poetry
verbal irony
occurs when what is said contradicts what is meant or thought
rhythm
repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables