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pair of lines of meter in poetry; usually consists of two lines that rhyme and have the same meter


structured 39 line poem consisting of six six-line stanzas followed by an envoi of three lines


poem commonly has 14 lines; "little song" or "little sound"


19-line poem with two rhyme sounds; first and third lines of the first stanza are rhyming refrains that alternate as the third line in each successive stanza and form a couplet at the close;

end rhyme

rhyme that occurs in the last syllables of verses in poetry


a group of lines in a poem


a metrical foot in poetry that has an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable, as in the word protect


a stanza of four lines


a figure of speech in which one directly addresses an absent or imaginary person, or some abstraction

narrative poetry

poetry that tells a story


a long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds


a type of poem written in quatrains that usually has a refrain that is meant to be sung and is both lyric and narrative in nature


a major form of Japanese verse, written in 17 syllables divided into 3 lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables, and employing highly evocative allusions and comparisons, often on the subject of nature or one of the seasons.


describes a line of poetry in which the sense and grammatical construction continues on to the next line

blank verse

unrhymed verse but with a set meter


a witty saying expressing a single thought or observation


a break or pause (usually for sense) in the middle of a verse line

lyric poetry

poetry that expresses that poet's thoughts and feelings


a sad or mournful poem


a poem usually addressed to a particular person, object or event that has stimulated deep and noble feelings in the poet

internal rhyme

rhyme within a line

end stopped lines

lines in which both the grammatical structure and the sense reach completion at the end

open form (free verse)

poetry without regular patterns of rhyme and rhythm


a regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song


The omission of an unstressed vowel or syllable to preserve the meter of a line of poetry

verbal irony

occurs when what is said contradicts what is meant or thought


repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables

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