Praxis II 411 WGU Set 5
Strategic Planning: Principles, Purpose, Models, Team development, Consensus Building and Conflict Resolution
Terms in this set (46)
A set of decisions about what the school will do, why the school pursues those goal-based decisions, and how the school will accomplish the goals.
______________ alllows the administrator to plan for an manage change rather than react to it.
Goal Based Model
Commonly used, it emphasizes vision, mission, and values by setting key goals, establishing strategies, and designing an action plan to achieve success.
Issues Based Model
Determines the issues needing to be addressed, and the strategies focus on specific issues with an action plan in place.
Organic Based Model
Reviews the vision and values and creates an action plan based on those components.
First Key Step in Strategic Planning (1:10)
Select team committee or stakeholder who will comprise the strategic planning group.
Second Key Step in Strategic Planning (2:10)
Determine the process model best suited to the team and the school.
Third Key Step in Strategic Planning (3:10)
Conduct an evaluation of strength, weakness, opportunity, and threats (SWOT)
Fourth Key Step in Strategic Planning (4:10)
List the critical questions, issues, and choices that the team should consider during the process.
Fifth Key Step in Strategic Planning (5:10)
Review the vision, mission, values, and define the purpose of the organization in order to create goals to set and outcomes to meet.
Sixth Key Step in Strategic Planning (6:10)
Develop goals for immediate success and long-range development
Seventh Key Step in Strategic Planning (7:10)
Expand upon key strategies to reach goals.
Eighth Key Step in Strategic Planning (8:10)
Write an action plan with goals, objectives, and methods to be reviewed annually.
Ninth Key Step in Strategic Planning (9:10)
Finalize the strategic plan
Tenth Key Step in Strategic Planning (10:10)
Implement and monitor the plan with the team being flexible to input changes as necessary to comply or deal with the influences of external/internal environment of the school.
Members of a Strategic Planning Team:
Faculty, students, parents, administrators, support staff, community members.
Bruce Tuckman (1965)
Identified the stages a group proceeds through as it materializes and begins to function as a whole.
First Stage in Group Creation (Tuckman) (1:5)
Forming: Members seek acceptance from other members and avoid controversy and conflict.
Second Stage in Group Creation (Tuckman) (2:5)
Storming: As the work progresses roles/responsibilities begin to emerge, patience is necessary as small confrontations arise while issues are brought forward to address.
Third Stage in Group Creation (Tuckman) (3:5)
Norming: Rules are established and individual tasks and responsibilities are defined.
Fourth Stage in Group Creation (Tuckman) (4:5)
Performing: Groups demonstrate a level of comfort and trust as well as exhibit flexibility and interdependence.
Fifth Stage in Group Creation (Tuckman) (5:5)
Adjourning: members complete work with a sense of satisfaction and positive achievement.
Collaborative Problem Solving
First Step in Consensus Building (1:8)
Recruitment and identification of participants
Second Step in Consensus Building (2:8)
Designation of process to be utilized.
Third Step in Consensus Building (3:8)
Definition of problems or issues and analysis
Fourth step in consensus building (4:8)
Contribution and assessment of potential solutions
Fifth step in consensus building (5:8)
Period of decision making on final approaches.
Sixth step in consensus building (6:8)
Overview of potential barriers and agreement of final decisions
Seventh step in consensus building (7:8)
Implementation of acceptable plan
Eighth step in consensus building (8:8)
Evaluation of the process and outcomes of the plan.
Actively responding to conflict within a group in order to establish a working team.
Involvement of all parties in seeking a solution to a conflict. (Most recommended method of conflict management)
Difference in Expectations:
The needs of individuals conflict with the needs of the organization.
Difference in Beliefs
The opinions of individuals conflict with opinions or ideas of organization (policies, values, and goals)
Kenneth Thomas (1976)
Five styles of conflict management: competitive, collaboration, compromising, avoiding, accommodating.
Competitive (Kenneth Thomas)
Gives directives, rather than totally addressing the issue, and act from authority, expertise, or persuasion.
Collaboration (Kenneth Thomas)
Uses problem solving strategies and meets the needs of all.
Compromising (Kenneth Thomas)
Offers a short term or temporary fix that partially satisfies all especially when a deadline is looming.
Avoiding (Kenneth Thomas)
Ignores or evades the issue, which is generally a poor choice, since emotions will remain high and tasks may be left undone.
Accommodating (Kenneth Thomas)
One party tries to avoid or gives in to the other party.
First Step in Conflict Resolution (1:5)
Share the problem and agree to the rules of the approach to be used.
Second Step in Conflict Resolution (2:5)
Gather information, listen to others, consider the interests, needs, and concerns.
Third Step in Conflict Resolution (3:5)
Take a consensus about the issue or problem to ensure it is observed same for all.
Fourth Step in Conflict Resolution (4:5)
Brainstorm solutions and remedies possible.
Fifth Step in Conflict Resolution (5:5)
Negotiate a solution to the issue or conflict.
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