personality psych 1-3
Terms in this set (24)
Random variation in measurement is termed
Which of the following approaches to the construction of a self-report test will eliminate or reduce the effect of the social desirability response set?
B) including items that have response options that are equal in social desirability
Suppose you complete a personality questionnaire where scores usually range from 1-35, and you receive a score of "10." Suppose you then take the test again the next day and receive a score of "9.5." This questionnaire appears to have
E) test-retest reliability.
What is one reasonable criticism of projective personality tests?
They are highly subjective and have problems with reliability and validity
Which of the following statements best describes the nature of Construct Validity?
The extent to which a test truly measures a theoretical construct
The Affective Communication Test (or ACT) measures
An "acquiescence response set" refers to the tendency of people filling out questionnaires to
to have a bias toward saying "yes" or "agree" to questions
Hypermnesia refers to
remembering something on a later recall attempt that was not previously remembered.
Freud believed that dreams had two aspects, their
manifest and latent content.
The combination of a strong id and superego, along with a weak ego describes the
Reaction formation is when
unacceptable urges are transformed into their "opposites."
What is the "id?"
The part of personality that is unsocialized and only concerned with basic needs
Experimental research points to which of the following methods as being effective in aiding retrieval of memories?
both B and C
-eliciting memories with relevant cues
Roots of personality psychology can be traced to the theater because
only A and C
-actors often portray "characters" or easily recognizable types of people AND the early use of masks indicated fascination with the nature of individuals
Gestalt psychologists hold a fundamental belief that
people are more than the sum of their parts.
An early supporter of psychological testing (and where much testing is still conducted) was
the U.S. Armed Forces.
If you read of a new "finding" in the newspaper one morning but noticed that only Caucasian subjects from Seattle were used in the experiment you might not give a lot of credibility to the study. This would be because of possible __________ limitations.
If we ask everyone in the class to describe the personalities of everyone else they know in the class, and then use these data to form a theory about the personality of college students, we are using
Margaret Mead's view on the role of culture in personality was influenced by her findings from several different cultures that
in some cultures, both the males and the females had the characteristics that our culture
identifies as "masculine."
Which of the following are accurate ways of assessing personality?
none of the above
In freud's time, many reports of childhood molestation
were thought to be imagined
according to Freud, male infants FIRST develop attachment to _____, and female infants to _____.
what is the technique of "free association" ?
spontaneous and free-flowing association of thoughts and feelings
Freudian theory would likely interpret a dream in which someone tries over and over (but fils) to scale a mountain to reach a friend, as indicating
secret lust for that friend
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